Short-nosed cattle louse Haematopinus eurysternus, from Quizlet.

Belongs within: Phthiraptera.

The Anoplura are a group of lice that have the mouthparts modified for sucking. All anoplurans are parasites of mammals, and include the most familiar louse species attacking humans.

Synapomorphies (from Grimaldi & Engel 2005): All thoracic segments fused; meso- and metathoracic terga reduced; tentorium completely lost; hypopharynx and labium modified into piercing stylets.

Anoplura [Siphunculata]
    |  i. s.: Antarctophthirus ogmorhini A71
    |--Neolinognathidae GE05
    |--Pedicinus A71 [Pedicinidae GE05]
    |--Hamophthiriidae GE05
    |--Hybophthiridae GE05
    |--Microthoraciidae GE05
    |--Pecaroecidae GE05
    |--Ratemiidae GE05
    |--Hoplopleura [Hoplopleuridae] GE05
    |    |--H. acanthopus GE05
    |    |--H. apomydis Ferris 1921 S69
    |    `--H. zelotomydis Johnson 1960 S69
    |--Pthirus [Pthiridae] GE05
    |    `--P. pubis GE05
    |--Enderleinellus S69 [Enderleinellidae GE05]
    |    |--E. dremomydis Ferris 1919 S69
    |    `--E. tamiasis Fahrenholz 1916 S69
    |--Pediculus Linnaeus 1758 S61 [Pediculidae GE05]
    |    `--P. humanus GE05 [incl. P. h. capitus GE05, P. h. corporis A71, P. h. vestimenti A71]
    |--Echinophthiriidae GE05
    |    |--Lepidophthirus macrorhini GE05
    |    `--Echinophthirius horridus GE05
    |--Haematopinus [Haematopinidae] GE05
    |    |--H. eurysternus H74
    |    |--H. hesperomydis Osburn 1891 S69
    |    |--H. suis A71
    |    `--H. tuberculatus GE05
    |--Polyplacidae GE05
    |    |--Neohaematopinus relictus R02
    |    `--Polyplax GE05
    |         |--P. asiatica GE05
    |         |--P. otomydis Cummings 1912 S69
    |         `--P. serrata A71
    `--Linognathidae GE05
         |--Solenopotes GE05
         |    |--S. capillatus H74
         |    `--S. muntiacus GE05
         `--Linognathus H74
              |--L. ovillus H74
              |--L. pedalis H74
              `--L. vituli H74

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H74] Helson, G. A. H. 1974. Insect Pests: Identification, life history, and control of pests of farms, horticulture, gardens, and public health. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[R02] Rasnitsyn, A. P. 2002. Superorder Psocidea Leach, 1815. In History of Insects (A. P. Rasnitsyn & D. L. J. Quicke, eds) pp. 125-133. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367-610.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339-342.

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