Purple-tailed imperial pigeon Ducula rufigaster, photographed by Markus Lagerqvist.

Belongs within: Treroninae.

Ducula, the imperial pigeons, is a genus of large fruit-eating pigeons found in south-east Asia, tropical Australasia and Oceania. Most species are brightly but softly coloured in such shades as pink, grey or white, often with iridescent greens or blues in such places as the wings and tail. Some species, such as the Pacific imperial pigeon Ducula pacifica and the red-knobbed imperial pigeon D. rubricera, have prominently swollen ceres forming a knob at the base of the bill.

<==Ducula Hodgson 1836 (see below for synonymy) B94
    |--D. zoeae JT12
    `--+--D. rufigaster JT12
       |    |--D. r. rufigaster T62
       |    |--D. r. obiensis T62
       |    `--D. r. uropygialis T62
       `--+--+--D. melanochroa JT12
          |  `--+--D. bicolor JT12
          |     `--D. pinon JT12 [=Carpophaga pinon T62]
          |          |--D. p. pinon T62
          |          |--D. p. jobiensis T62
          |          |--D. p. rubiensis T62
          |          `--D. p. salvadori T62
          `--+--D. pistrinaria JT12
             |    |--D. p. pistrinaria T62
             |    |--D. p. postrema T62
             |    |--D. p. rhodinolaema T62
             |    `--D. p. vanwyckii T62
             `--+--D. aenea JT12 [=Carpophaga aenea T62]
                |    |--D. a. aenea T62
                |    |--D. a. chalybura T62
                |    |--D. a. consobrina T62
                |    |--D. a. fugaensis T62
                |    |--D. a. mista T62
                |    |--D. a. nicobarica T62
                |    |--D. a. palawanensis T62
                |    |--D. a. paulina T62
                |    |--D. a. pulchella T62
                |    |--D. a. pusilla T62
                |    |--D. a. sulana T62
                |    `--D. a. sylvatica T62
                `--+--D. pacifica JT12
                   |    |--D. p. pacifica T62
                   |    |--D. p. intensitincta T62
                   |    |--D. p. microcera T62 [=Carpophaga microcera B66]
                   |    `--D. p. tarrali T62
                   `--D. rubricera JT12

Ducula incertae sedis:
  D. aurorae JT12
  D. badia [=Carpophaga badia] T62
    |--D. b. badia T62
    |--D. b. capistrata T62
    |--D. b. cuprea T62
    |--D. b. griseicapilla Walden 1875 T62, S89 [=Carpophaga griseicapilla S89]
    |--D. b. insignis T62
    `--D. b. obscurata T62
  D. bakeri JT12
  D. basilica JT12 [=D. rufigaster basilica T62]
  D. brenchleyi JT12
  D. carola JT12
  D. chalconota T62
    |--D. c. chalconota T62
    `--D. c. smaragdina T62
  D. cineracea JT12
  D. concinna T62
    |--D. c. concinna T62
    |--D. c. aru T62
    `--D. c. intermedia T62
  D. finschii JT12
  D. forsteni T62
  D. galeata JT12
  D. goliath T62
  D. lacernulata T62
    |--D. l. lacernulata T62
    |--D. l. sasakensis T62
    `--D. l. williami T62
  D. latrans T62
  D. luctuosa T62
  D. mindorensis FP64
  D. mullerii JT12
  D. myristicivora J06
  D. oceanica T62
    |--D. o. oceanica T62
    |--D. o. monacha T62
    |--D. o. ratakensis T62
    |--D. o. teraokai T62
    `--D. o. townsendi T62
  D. perspicillata [=Carpophaga perspicillata] T62
    |--D. p. perspicillata T62
    `--D. p. neglecta T62
  D. pickeringii T62
    |--D. p. pickeringii T62
    |--D. p. langhornei T62
    `--D. p. palmasensis T62
  D. poliocephala JT12
  D. radiata JT12
  D. rosacea T62
    |--D. r. rosacea T62
    `--D. r. zamydra T62
  D. spilorrhoa (Gray 1858) JT12, WS48 [=Carpophaga spilorrhoa WS48, Myristicivora spilorrhoa WS48]
  D. subflavescens JT12
  D. whartoni M03 [=D. rosacea whartoni L81]

Ducula Hodgson 1836 [incl. Carpophaga Selby 1835, Muscadivores Gray 1855, Myristicivora Reichenbach 1853, Zonoenas Reichenbach 1853; Carpophaginae, Duculinae, Muscadivorinae, Myristicivorinae, Zonoenadinae] B94

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B66] Bartlett, A. D. 1866. Notes on the breeding of several species of birds in the Society's gardens during the year 1865. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 76–79.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[J06] Johnstone, R. E. 2006. The birds of Gag Island, Western Papuan islands, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 115–132.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX.—Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369–438.

[T62] Tendeiro, J. 1962. Estudos sobre malófagos: Revisão monográfica do género Columbicola Ewing (Ischnocera, Philopteridae). Memórias da Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, ser. 2, 32: 7–460.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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