Anaphothrips sudanensis, from here.

Belongs within: Thripini.

Anaphothrips is a cosmopolitan genus of thrips associated with plant leaves, with recorded hosts including Poales, Asparagales, Lamiales, Asteraceae and Chenopodiaceae (Mound & Masumoto 2009).

Characters (from Mound & Masumoto 2009): Apterous, micropterous or macropterous; antennae 8- or 9-segmented, sensorium on III forked (simple in some species), on IV forked; III–VI usually with microtrichia present, often annulate; segment I without dorso-apical setae. Head often slightly projecting in front of eyes; 3 pairs of ocellar setae present; 3 or 4 pairs of postocular setae; eyes large, with or without 6 pigmented facets; maxillary palps 3-segmented, mouth cone relatively long, often slender and pointed at apex. Pronotum with no long setae (one species with posteromarginal S2 longer than remaining setae); ferna usually entire; basantra without setae. Mesonotal campaniform sensilla usually present but often small and inconspicuous. Metascutum with reticulate sculpture. Metapre-episternum usually weakly developed. Mesothoracic sternopleural sutures complete, furca with spinula; metathoracic furca without spinula. Tarsi 2-segmented. Fore wing with setae short, first vein with setal row irregularly spaced, second vein with many setae irregularly spaced; marginal cilia wavy; clavus with 4–9 marginal but no discal setae. Abdominal tergites and sternites without posteromarginal craspeda; tergites without lateral ctenidia, with median setae rarely close together, campaniform sensilla far from posterior margin; VI–VII usually with setae S3 reduced and much smaller than S4; setae on posterior tergites not elongate; tergite IX with two pairs of campaniform sensilla, mid-dorsal setae short and arising laterally; tergite X with dorsal split in distal half; sternites without discal setae; sternites III–VII with 3 pairs of marginal setae, median pair on VII ahead of posterior margin. Males (where known) with pore plates on sternite III or III–VII behind antecostal line, often large and C-shaped, but sometimes small, not C-shaped, or absent; tergite IX with or without dorsal paired thorn-like setae.

Anaphothrips Uzel 1895 [incl. Nakaharathrips Retana-Salazar 2007, Neophysopus Schmutz 1913] MM09
    |--*A. obscurus (Müller 1776) MM09 (see below for synonymy)
    |--A. ambiguus (Girault 1927) [=Neophysopus ambiguus] MM09
    |--A. aptilotus Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. astrolomi Pitkin 1978 MM09
    |--A. atriplicis Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. augustae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--‘Neophysopus’ aureolus Girault 1928 G28
    |--A. barringtoni Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. barrowi Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. callani Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. carlylei Girault 1928 MM09
    |--A. cecili Girault 1928 [incl. Hemianaphothrips (Anaphothrips) concinnus Morison 1931] MM09
    |--A. chortinus Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. cobari Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. cucurbiti Pitkin 1978 MM09
    |--A. dalbyi Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. desleyae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. dubius (Girault 1926) MM09 (see below for synonymy)
    |--A. epacrida Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. eremophilae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. exocarpi Pitkin 1978 MM09
    |--A. exocarpoides Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--‘Neophysopus’ fragariae Girault 1927 G27
    |--A. geijerae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. geleznowiae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. gillespiei Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. glenysae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. incertus (Girault 1929) [=Limothrips incertus] MM09
    |--‘Neophysopus’ io Girault 1927 G27
    |--A. keatsi (Girault 1926) [=Heterothrips keatsi] MM09
    |--A. monga Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. moundi Pitkin 1978 MM09
    |--A. newmani Moulton in Moulton & Newman 1935 MM09
    |--A. nimbus Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. occidentalis Pitkin 1978 MM09
    |--A. orchis Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. parsonsiae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. pulteneae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. secticornis PL12
    |--A. sudanensis Trybom 1911 MM96 (see below for synonymy)
    |--A. swezeyi Moulton 1928 MM09
    |--A. varii Moulton in Moulton & Newman 1935 MM09
    |--A. walchae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. westringiae Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. whyalla Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09
    |--A. woodi Pitkin 1978 MM09
    `--A. yalgooi Mound & Masumoto 2009 MM09

Anaphothrips dubius (Girault 1926) MM09 [=Heterothrips dubius MM09; incl. A. cinctiguttatus Girault 1927 MM09, A. regalis Girault 1928 MM09, Physothrips regalis GM79, Hemianaphothrips (Anaphothrips) tersus Morison 1930 MM09]

*Anaphothrips obscurus (Müller 1776) MM09 [=Thrips obscura MM09; incl. A. sexguttus Girault 1928 MM09, A. striatus (Osborn 1883) MM09, GM79, A. virgo MM96]

Anaphothrips sudanensis Trybom 1911 MM96 [=*Nakaharathrips sudanensis MM09; incl. A. bicinctus MM96, A. bicolor MM96, *Neophysopus medioflavus MM09]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[G27] Girault, A. A. 1927. Some new wild animals. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 208-210).

[G28] Girault, A. A. 1928. Some Insecta and a new All Highness. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 225-228).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1-400.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1-487.

[MM09] Mound, L. A. & M. Masumoto. 2009. Australian Thripinae of the Anaphothrips genus-group (Thysanoptera), with three new genera and thirty-three new species. Zootaxa 2042: 1-76.

[PL12] Peñalver, E., C. C. Labandeira, E. Barrón, X. Delclòs, P. Nel, A. Nel, P. Tafforeau & C. Soriano. 2012. Thrips pollination of Mesozoic gymnosperms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (22): 8623-8628.

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