Chinese bur Triumfetta rhomboidea, copyright Vinayaraj.

Belongs within: Malvaceae.

Triumfetta is a tropical genus of trees and shrubs bearing globose fruits covered with hooked bristles.

Characters (from Harden 1990): Herbs or shrubs, densely stellate-hairy. Leaves alternate, often 2-ranked, entire, toothed or lobed, leaves subtending inflorescences often smaller. Flowers clustered in shortly-pedunculate cymes, often forming interrupted panicles, leaves reducing in size up inflorescence; shortly pedicellate. Sepals hooded. Petals glabrous. Sepals and petals inserted below the hairy, disc-like receptacle that bears the numerous stamens. Ovary 2-locular, style as long as the stamens. Fruit more or less globose, covered with hooked bristles.

    |--T. albida LK14
    |--T. aquila LK14
    |--T. bradshawii LK14
    |--T. breviaculeata LK14
    |--T. carteri LK14
    |--T. cladara LK14
    |--T. clivorum LK14
    |--T. coronata LK14
    |--T. kenneallyi LK14
    |--T. lappula C55
    |--T. longipedunculata LK14
    |--T. micracantha LK14
    |--T. mitchellii LK14
    |--T. monstrosa LK14
    |--T. nutans LK14
    |--T. pentandra LK14
    |--T. plumigera LK14
    |--T. pustulata LK14
    |--T. reflexa LK14
    |--T. repens BMM99
    |--T. rhomboidea P03
    |--T. rubiginosa LK14
    |--T. ryeae LK14
    |    |--T. r. ssp. ryeae LK14
    |    |--T. r. ssp. brevipetala LK14
    |    `--T. r. ssp. hirsuta LK14
    |--T. semitriloba J87
    |--T. simulans LK14
    |--T. triandra LK14
    `--T. trisecta LK14

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BMM99] Braun, U., J. Mouchacca & E. H. C. McKenzie. 1999. Cercosporoid hyphomycetes from New Caledonia and some other South Pacific islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 297–327.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

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