Abutilon hannii being pollinated by Austrothurgus rubricatus, copyright Arthur Chapman.

Belongs within: Eumalvoideae.

The Malveae are a group of malvaceous plants in which the staminal column bears anthers at the top, and the carpels are closely united in a ring around a central axis from which they fall away when ripe (Cheeseman 2006).

<==Malveae BS04
    |--+--Malope BS04
    |  `--Lavatera BS04
    |       |--L. arborea H90
    |       |--L. assurgentiflora [incl. L. assurgentiflora ssp. glabra] H93
    |       |--L. cretica H59
    |       |--L. plebeia H90
    |       `--L. trimestris H90
    `--Abutilon BS04
         |--A. asiaticum C55b
         |--A. auritum LK14
         |--A. avicennae [=Sida abutilon] C55b
         |--A. californicum BTA75
         |--A. cryptopetalum H90
         |--A. cunninghamii KM08
         |--A. exonemum EF04
         |--A. fraseri H90
         |--A. fruticosum PP07
         |--A. geranioides KM08
         |--A. grandifolium H90
         |--A. graveolens C55b
         |--A. halophilum H90
         |--A. hannii LK14
         |--A. incanum BT87
         |--A. indicum LK14
         |    |--A. i. var. indicum LK14
         |    `--A. i. var. australiense LK14
         |--A. leucopetalum [incl. A. calliphyllum] H90
         |--A. macrum H90
         |--A. malvifolium H90
         |--A. otocarpum M99
         |--A. oxycarpum [incl. A. oxycarpum var. subsagittatum] H90
         |--A. palmeri H93
         |--A. parvulum H93
         |--A. sandwicense GML13
         |--A. theophrasti Y98
         `--A. tubulosum H90

Malveae incertae sedis:
  Malva CD07
    |--M. aegyptia PT98
    |--M. caroliniana C55b
    |--M. cretica PT98
    |--M. crispa C06
    |--M. dendromorpha H06
    |--M. moschata C55a
    |--M. neglecta AGF98
    |--M. nicaeensis H93
    |--M. parviflora M99
    |--M. rotundifolia C55b
    |--M. sylvestris Linnaeus 1753 CD07 [incl. M. sylvestris var. mauritiana H93]
    `--M. verticillata C55b
  Plagianthus Forster & Forster 1776 C06, A61
    |--P. betulinus Cunningham 1840 [incl. Pl. urticinus Cunnigham 1840] A61
    |    |--P. b. var. betulinus A61
    |    `--P. b. chathamicus Cockayne 1912 [=P. chathamicus Cockayne 1902] A61
    |--P. × cymosus Kirk 1899 [P. betulinus × P. divaricatus] A61
    |--P. divaricatus Forster & Forster 1776 A61
    `--P. regius WH02 [=Philippodendron regium Poit. 1837 A61]
  Hoheria Cunn. 1839 C06, A61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Gaya’ × allanii Cockayne 1926 [Hoheria angustifolia × H. lyallii] A61
    |--H. angustifolia Raoul 1844 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |--H. glabrata Sprague & Summerhayes 1926 A61
    |--H. lyallii Hooker 1852 A61 (see below for synonymy)
    |--H. populnea Cunn. 1839 (see below for synonymy) A61
    |    |--H. p. var. populnea C06
    |    `--H. p. var. vulgaris C06
    `--H. sexstylosa Colenso 1885 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |--H. s. var. sexstylosa A61
         `--H. s. var. ovata (Simpson & Thomson) Allan 1961 [=H. ovata Simpson & Thomson 1942] A61

Hoheria Cunn. 1839 C06, A61 [incl. H. subg. Apterocarpa Hooker 1852 A61, H. subg. Euhoheria Hooker 1852 A61]

Hoheria angustifolia Raoul 1844 [=H. populnea var. angustifolia (Raoul) Hooker 1852; incl. H. angustifolia var. acutifolia Kirk 1899] A61

Hoheria lyallii Hooker 1852 A61 [=Gaya lyallii Baker 1892 A61, Plagianthus lyallii Gray ex Hooker 1855 A61, Sida lyallii C06; incl. G. lyallii var. ribifolia Kirk 1899 A61, G. ribifolia Cockayne 1901 A61]

Hoheria populnea Cunn. 1839 [incl. H. sinclairii Hooker 1864, H. populnea ssp. vulgaris var. sinclairii (Hooker) Kirk 1899] A61

Hoheria sexstylosa Colenso 1885 [incl. H. populnea var. crataegifolia Hooker 1852, H. populnea var. dentata Kirk 1899, H. populnea var. lanceolata Hooker 1852, H. populnea ssp. lanceolata Kirk 1899, H. populnea ssp. obtusifolia Kirk 1899] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AGF98] Abd El-Ghani, M. M., & A. G. Fahmy. 1998. Composition of and changes in the spontaneous flora of Feiran Oasis, S Sinai, Egypt, in the last 60 years. Willdenowia 28: 123–134.

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BT87] Baker, E. W., & D. M. Tuttle. 1987. The false spider mites of Mexico (Tenuipalpidae: Acari). United States Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin 1706: 1–237.

[BTA75] Baker, E. W., D. M. Tuttle & M. J. Abbatiello. 1975. The false spider mites of northwestern and north central Mexico (Acarina: Tenuipalpidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 194: 1–23.

[BS04] Baum, D. A., S. D. Smith, A. Yen, W. S. Alverson, R. Nyffeler, B. A. Whitlock & R. L. Oldham. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of Malvatheca (Bombacoideae and Malvoideae; Malvaceae sensu lato) as inferred from plastid DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 91: 1863–1871.

[C55a] Candolle, A. de. 1855a. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C55b] Candolle, A. de. 1855b. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[EF04] Etten, E. J. B. van, & J. E. D. Fox. 2004. Vegetation classification and ordination of the central Hamersley Ranges, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 63–79.

[GML13] Gullan, P. J., M. L. Moir & M. C. Leng. 2013. A new species of mealybug (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) from critically endangered Banksia montana in Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 28 (1): 13–20.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H59] Healy, A. J. 1959. Contributions to a knowledge of the adventive flora of New Zealand, no. 7. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 86 (1): 113–118.

[H06] Henderson, L. 2006. Comparisons of invasive plants in southern Africa originating from southern temperate, northern temperate and tropical regions. Bothalia 36 (2): 201–222.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[PT98] Panitsa, M., & D. Tzanoudakis. 1998. Contribution to the study of the Greek flora: flora and vegetation of the E Aegean islands Agathonisi and Pharmakonisi. Willdenowia 28: 95–116.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

[Y98] Yannitsaros, A. 1998. Additions to the flora of Kithira (Greece) I. Willdenowia 28: 77–94.

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