African sandalwood Baphia nitida, copyright Mokkie.

Belongs within: Papilionoideae.

The Baphieae are a group of leguminous plants found in Africa and southern Asia, bearing flowers with free stamens and poorly differentiated lower petals (Cardoso et al. 2013).

Characters (from Cardoso et al. 2013): Leaves simple or unifoliolate; calyx splitting to base either down one side only, appearing spathaceous, or down both sides and thus becoming bilabiate; lower petals poorly differentiated, flowers sometimes appearing radially symmetrical; stamens free, anthers more or less basifixed.

<==Baphieae CP13
    |  i. s.: Dalhousiea CP13
    |         Leucomphalos CP13
    |--+--‘Baphia’ nitida CP13
    |  `--Airyantha CP13
    |       |--A. borneensis K03
    |       `--A. schweinfurthii CP13
    `--Baphia CP13
         |--B. leptobotrys CP13
         `--+--+--B. madagascariensis CP13
            |  `--B. massaiensis CP13
            `--+--Baphiopsis parviflora CP13
               `--+--Baphiastrum brachycarpum CP13
                  `--Bowringia mildbraedii CP13

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

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