Eremophila maculata, copyright Consultaplantas.

Belongs within: Scrophulariaceae.
Contains: Eremophila section Platychilus.

The Myoporaceae are a primarily Australasian group of shrubs and small trees, now recognised to be a phylogenetic subgroup of the family Scrophulariaceae.

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Shrubs or small trees with exstipulate, simple, usually alternate leaves; flowers axillary, solitary or clustered, without bracteoles. Flowers bisexual, irregular or nearly regular; calyx persistent, usually five-lobed, or five-sectioned; corolla caducous, narrowed towards base of tube, upper part of tube swollen, with four or five almost equal imbricate lobes or sometimes two-lipped, upper lip or upper lobes outside others in bud; stamens usually four, inserted in corolla-tube and alternate with its lower lobes; anther-cells finally confluent at summit so as to form single cell, cells (or lobes) gradually diverging and spreading; ovary superior, normally of two carpels, two-celled, usually becoming four-celled by two intruding septal placentas (spurious disseptiments), with two or several pendulous anatropous ovules in each of the two cells, or sometimes the cells 2–2, distinct, uniovulate; micropyle superior; style simple; stigma entire or faintly notched; fruit a drupe, sometimes almost dry, the endocarp very hard; seeds with scanty albumen, straight embryo and superior radicle.

<==Myoporaceae [Myoporineae]
    |--Androya T00
    |--Bontia T00
    |--Calamphoreus inflatus G04b
    |--Myoporum Sol. ex Forster 1786 A61
    |    |--M. brevipes BR65
    |    |--M. caprarioides GK00
    |    |--M. debile (Andr.) Br. 1810 [=Pogonia debilis Andr. 1802] A61
    |    |--M. deserti Cunningham 1837 (see below for synonymy) BR65
    |    |--M. insulare [incl. M. adscendens, M. serratum var. obovatum] BR65
    |    |--M. laetum Forster 1786 A61 [incl. M. pubescens Forster 1786 A61; incl. Citharexylum perforatum C06]
    |    |    |--M. l. var. laetum A61
    |    |    `--M. l. var. decumbens Simpson 1952 A61
    |    |--M. mauritianum OP01
    |    |--M. montanum Brown 1810 (see below for synonymy) BR65
    |    |--M. parvifolium Brown 1810 [incl. M. humile Brown 1810] BR65
    |    |--M. pictum R01
    |    |--M. platycarpum BR65
    |    |--M. refractum BR65
    |    |--M. sandwicense MK08
    |    |--M. tenuifolium R-CT01
    |    `--M. viscosum [incl. M. glandulosum, M. serratum var. glandulosum] BR65
    `--Eremophila Brown 1810 BR65
         |  i. s.: E. bignoniaeflora C16
         |         E. caespitosa MLP09
         |         E. cuneifolia EF04
         |         E. densifolia G04b
         |           |--E. d. ssp. densifolia G04b
         |           `--E. d. ssp. pubiflora G04b
         |         E. deserti KM08
         |         E. elderi BR65
         |         E. eriocalyx BR65
         |         E. forrestii EF04
         |         E. interstans G04a
         |         E. ionantha G04a
         |         E. lachnocalyx MLP09
         |         E. lanceolata MLP09
         |         E. maitlandii KM08
         |         E. mitchelli BW01
         |         E. oldfieldii G04a
         |           |--E. o. ssp. oldfieldii G04a
         |           `--E. o. ssp. angustifolia G04a
         |         E. psilocalyx G04b
         |         E. racemosa G04b
         |         E. saligna G04b
         |         E. spongiocarpa MLP09
         |         E. strongylophylla BR65
         |--E. sect. Eremocosmos BR65
         |    |--E. clarkei BR65
         |    |--E. gilesii BR65
         |    |--E. latrobei [incl. E. tietkensii] BR65
         |    |--E. longifolia [=Stenochilus longifolius] BR65
         |    |--E. oppositifolia BR65
         |    |--E. paisleyi BR65
         |    `--E. sturtii BR65
         |--E. sect. Pholidia [=Pholidia Brown 1810] BR65
         |    |--E. dalyana [=Pholidia dalyana] BR65
         |    |--E. delisseri [=Pholidia delisseri] BR65
         |    `--E. scoparia [=Pholidia scoparia] BR65
         |--E. (sect. Platycalyx) macdonnellii Mueller 1858 (see below for synonymy) BR65
         |    |--E. m. var. macdonnellii BR65
         |    `--E. m. var. glabriuscula BR65
         |--E. sect. Platychilus BR65
         `--E. sect. Stenochilus [=Stenochilus Brown 1810] BR65
              |--E. alternifolia BR65
              |    |--E. a. var. alternifolia BR65
              |    `--E. a. var. latifolia BR65
              |--E. calycina Moore 1902 [incl. E. viscida (preoc.), E. neglecta Black 1914] BR65
              |--E. decipiens BR65
              |--E. denticulata BR65
              |--E. duttonii BR65
              |--E. glabra (Brown) Ostenfeld 1921 [=Stenochilus glaber Brown 1810; incl. E. brownii Mueller 1858] BR65
              |    |  i. s.: E. g. var. viridiflora (see below for synonymy) BR65
              |    |--E. g. ssp. glabra KM08
              |    |--E. g. ssp. psammorphora KM08
              |    `--E. g. ssp. tomentosa KM08
              |--E. macgillivrayi BR65
              |--E. maculata [=Stenochilus maculatus] BR65
              `--E. serrulata (Cunningham) Druce 1917 (see below for synonymy) BR65

Eremophila glabra var. viridiflora [incl. Stenochilus incanus Lindley 1839, E. incana Mueller 1858] BR65

Eremophila macdonnellii Mueller 1858 [incl. E. macdonnellii var. gracilis Black 1914, E. strehlowii Pritzel 1918] BR65

Eremophila serrulata (Cunningham) Druce 1917 [=Stenochilus serrulatus Cunningham 1847; incl. E. latifolia Mueller 1852] BR65

Myoporum deserti Cunningham 1837 [incl. M. mucronulatum de Candolle 1847, M. patens Cunningham 1847, M. strictum Cunningham 1847] BR65

Myoporum montanum Brown 1810 [incl. M. acuminatum var. angustifolium Bentham 1870, M. cunninghamii Bentham 1837, M. dampieri Cunningham 1847] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BW01] Beard, J. J., & G. H. Walter. 2001. Host plant specificity in several species of generalist mite predators. Ecological Entomology 26: 562–570.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[C16] Cambage, R. H. 1916. Notes on the native flora of tropical Queensland. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (3): 389–447, pls 57–61.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[EF04] Etten, E. J. B. van, & J. E. D. Fox. 2004. Vegetation classification and ordination of the central Hamersley Ranges, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 63–79.

[G04a] Gibson, N. 2004a. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 6. Mt Manning Range. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 35–47.

[G04b] Gibson, N. 2004b. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 7. Middle and South Ironcap, Digger Rock and Hatter Hill. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 49–62.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[MLP09] McKenzie, N. L., S. van Leeuwen & A. M. Pinder. 2009. Introduction to the Pilbara Biodiversity Survey, 2002–2007. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 3–89.

[MK08] Mockford, E. L., & P. D. Krushelnycky. 2008. New species and records of Liposcelis Motschulsky (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae) from Hawaii with first description of the male of Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel. Zootaxa 1766: 53–68.

[OP01] Olmstead, R. G., C. W. dePamphilis, A. D. Wolfe, N. D. Young, W. J. Elisons & P. A. Reeves. 2001. Disintegration of the Scrophulariaceae. American Journal of Botany 88 (2): 348–361.

[R-CT01] Ragusa-di Chiara, S., & H. Tsolakis. 2001. Phytoseiid faunas of natural and agricultural ecosystems in Sicily. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 522–529. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[R01] Rezk, H. A. 2001. The false spider mite, Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu (Acari: Tenuipalpidae): host-related biology, seasonal abundance, and control. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 291–294. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

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