Lampyridae

Cyphonocerus ruficollis, copyright Ishikawa Ken.


Belongs within: Elateroidea.

The Lampyridae, fireflies, are a group of soft-bodied beetles with luminous organs on the underside of the abdomen.

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Elongate, somewhat flattened, soft-bodied; head concealed by explanate pronotum or partly exposed; antennae relatively short, eleven-segmented, filiform; eyes very large in male; mandibles small, curved, falcate, perforate; colour of pronotum primarily yellow, elytra dark brown, usually with basal, lateral and sutural edges yellow; fore coxae projecting, trochantins exposed, fore coxal cavities internally and externally open; mid coxal cavities medially contiguous, laterally open; tarsi pentamerous, fourth tarsal segment bilobed; abdomen with six ventrites, none connate, luminous organs (yellowish white in colour) present on fifth (female) or fifth and sixth (male) ventrites. Larva elongate, tapered at both ends, somewhat flattened, dorsally sclerotised and variously marked, with small, retractable head bearing curved, perforate mandibles, and often with laterally expanded thoracic and abdominal terga; luminous organ on segment 8; segment 9 terminal, 10 reduced and bearing holdfast organ consisting of several eversible, asperate, tubular filaments.

Lampyridae [Lampyrides] B14
    |--Vesta KB11
    `--+--+--Cyphonocerus ruficollis KB11
       |  `--+--Bourgeoisia KB11
       |     `--Curtos KB11
       `--+--Mimophaeopterus KB11
          `--+--Flabellotreta KB11
             `--+--Ototretadrilus KB11
                `--Drilaster KB11

Lampyridae incertae sedis:
  Pyrocoelia bicolor (Fabr. 1801) (n. d.) [=Lampyris bicolor, Cratomorphus bicolor] L09
  Erythrolychnia GE05
  Bicellonycha GE05
  Robopus GE05
  Pleotomus GE05
  Luciola L09 [incl. Atyphella Olliff 1889 B74, L09; Luciolinae, Luciolini]
    |--L. australis L09 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Atyphella’ brevis Lea 1909 L09
    |--L. cowleyi Blackb. 1897 L09
    |--L. dejeani Gemming 1870 L09 [incl. Lampyris apicalis (preoc.) L09, Colophotia apicalis B35]
    |--‘Atyphella’ flammans Olliff 1889 L09
    |--L. flavicollis Macleay 1872 M86 (see below for synonymy)
    |--L. humilis Olivier 1896 L09
    |--L. lychnus (Olliff 1889) LB91, L09 [=Atyphella lychnus L09]
    |--L. olivieri LB91
    |--L. platygaster Lea 1909 L09
    |--L. pudica Olliff 1889 L09
    |--‘Atyphella’ scintillans Olliff 1889 [incl. Luciola decora Oliv. 1902] L09
    `--L. striata [=Lampyris striata, Colophotia striata] L09
  Pteroptyx cribellata LB91
  Pyrophanes LB91
  Ellychnia MW15
  Pterotus MW15
  Photuris [Photurinae] B14
    |--P. cinctipennis B14
    |--P. lucicrescens B14
    |--P. pensylvanica (De Geer 1774) B14
    |--P. tremulans B14
    `--P. versicolor B14
  Lampyrinae B14
    |--Aspisoma [Cratomorphini] B14
    |    |--A. ignitum (Linnaeus 1767) B14
    |    `--A. physonotum B14
    `--Lampyris B14
         |--L. antica [=Colophotia antica] B35
         |--L. exigua B35
         |--L. flavescens [=Colophotia flavescens; incl. L. quadrinotata] B35
         |--L. haemorrhoidalis B35
         |--L. iberica B14
         |--L. illyrica B35
         |--L. incerta [=Colophotia incerta] B35
         |--L. italica B35
         |--L. marginipennis [=Colophotia marginipennis] L09
         |--L. mehadiensis B35
         |--L. noctiluca (Linnaeus 1767) B14
         |--L. ruficollis B35
         `--L. serraticornis B35
  Ototretinae KB11

Luciola australis L09 [=Lampyris australis L09, Colophotia australis B35; incl. Luciola guerini L09, Lu. nigripennis (n. n.) L09]

Luciola flavicollis Macleay 1872 M86 [incl. L. coarcticollis Oliv. 1888 L09, L. flavicollis var. gestroi Olivier 1885 L09]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[B74] Britton, E. B. 1974. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 62–89. Melbourne University Press.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[KB11] Kundrata, R., & L. Bocak. 2011. The phylogeny and limits of Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera): is there a common tendency of click beetles to soft-bodiedness and neoteny? Zoologica Scripta 40: 364–378.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L09] Lea, A. M. 1909. Revision of the Australian and Tasmanian Malacodermidae. Trans. Ent. Soc. Lond. 1909 (1): 45–251, pls 2–6.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

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