Bolboceratinae

Australobolbus sp., copyright Glenda Walter.


Belongs within: Scarabaeoidea.

The Bolboceratinae are a group of stout, strongly convex scarabaeoid beetles that dig deep burrows and feed on fungi or plant material (Cassis & Weir 1992).

<==Bolboceratinae [Bolboceratidae, Bolboceratini]
    |--Odonteus MW15
    |--Bolbobaineus Howden & Cooper 1977 CW92
    |    |--*B. planiceps (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras planiceps] CW92
    |    `--B. simpliciceps (Blackburn 1888) [=Bolboceras simpliciceps] CW92
    |--Eucanthus Westwood 1848 G09
    |    |--*E. meliboeus (Fabricius 1792) [=Scarabaeus meliboeus] CW92
    |    |--E. felschei Boucomont 1911 G09
    |    `--E. tricarinaticeps Lea 1924 CW92
    |--Bolboceras M86
    |    |--B. corniculatum M86
    |    |--B. proboscidium Schreibers 1802 M86
    |    `--B. recticorne Guér. 1838 M86
    |--Gilletinus Boucomont 1932 G09
    |    |--*G. multicostatus (Lansberge 1885) [=Bolboceras multicostatus] CW92
    |    |--G. bipagus Howden 1990 CW92
    |    |--G. corrugatus (Lea 1924) [=Bolboceras corrugatum] CW92
    |    |--G. flavocastaneus (Lea 1924) [=Bolboceras corrugatum flavocastaneum] CW92
    |    `--G. williamsi Howden 1992 G09
    |--Elephastomus Macleay 1819 G09
    |    |--*E. proboscideus (Schreibers 1802) [=Scarabaeus proboscideus] CW92
    |    |    |--E. p. proboscideus [incl. Bolboceras australasiae Kirby 1818] CW92
    |    |    `--E. p. kirbyanus Carne 1965 (see below for synonymy) CW92
    |    |--E. carnei Krikken 1976 G09
    |    |--E. gellarus Carne 1965 G09
    |    |--E. howdeni Nikolajev 1990 G09
    |    |--E. meraldus Carne 1965 CW92
    |    `--E. terraereginae (Blackburn 1899) [=Bolboceras terraereginae] CW92
    |--Stenaspidius Westwood 1848 G09
    |    |--*S. nigricornis (Westwood 1848) [=Bolboceras (*Stenaspidius) nigricornis] CW92
    |    |--S. albosetosus Howden 1974 G09
    |    |--S. allsoppi Howden 1976 CW92
    |    |--S. brittoni Howden 1974 CW92
    |    |--S. houstoni Howden 1993 G09
    |    |--S. lividus Howden 1992 G09
    |    |--S. matthewsi Howden 1974 CW92
    |    |--S. ruficornis (Boucomont 1906) [=Bolboceras (Stenaspidius) ruficornis] CW92
    |    `--S. spatuliferus Howden 1992 G09
    |--Bolboleaus Howden & Cooper 1977 CW92
    |    |--*B. truncatus (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras truncatum] CW92
    |    |--B. froggatti (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras froggatti] CW92
    |    |--B. hiaticollis Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. houstoni Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. ingens (Macleay 1888) [=Bolboceras ingens] CW92
    |    |--B. mimus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. parvicollis Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. propinquus Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. quadriarmigerus (Howden 1954) (see below for synonymy) CW92
    |    |--B. quadrifoveatus (Lea 1919) [=Bolboceras quadrifoveatum] CW92
    |    |--B. storeyi Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. tenax (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras tenax] CW92
    |    |--B. trifoveicollis (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras trifoveicolle] CW92
    |    `--B. variolicollis (Lea 1915) [=Bolboceras variolicolle] CW92
    |--Bolborhachium Boucomont 1911 G09
    |    |--*B. reticorne (Guérin-Méneville 1839) [=Bolboceras reticorne] CW92
    |    |--B. anneae Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. bainbridgei (Westwood 1848) [=Bolboceras bainbridgei] CW92
    |    |--B. chelyum (Blackburn 1889) [=Bolboceras chelyum] CW92
    |    |--B. concavum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. coronatum (Klug 1843) (see below for synonymy) CW92
    |    |--B. dacoderum (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras dacoderum] CW92
    |    |--B. deceptum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. edithae Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. hollowayi Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. inclinatum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. keithi Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. kevini Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. lacunosum (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras lacunosum] CW92
    |    |--B. laticorne (Macleay 1875) [=Bolboceras laticorne] CW92
    |    |--B. leai (Boucomont 1924) [=Bolboceras leai, Bolboceras interruptum Lea 1915 non Kolbe 1894] CW92
    |    |--B. nanum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. pastinum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. prochelyum Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. recticorne (Guérin-Méneville 1838) (see below for synonymy) CW92
    |    |--B. richardsae (Blackburn 1890) [=Bolboceras richardsae] CW92
    |    |--B. scopulum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. tricavicolle (Lea 1924) [=Bolboceras tricavicolle] CW92
    |    |--B. trituberculatum (Bainbridge 1842) [=Bolboceras trituberculatum] CH93
    |    |--B. triunum (Lea 1919) [=Bolboceras triunum] CW92
    |    `--B. trymoderum (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras trymoderum] CW92
    |--Blackbolbus Howden & Cooper 1977 G09
    |    |--*B. taurus (Westwood 1848) [=Bolboceras taurus; incl. Bo. bubalus Gillet 1925] CW92
    |    |--B. augustus Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. bispinicollis (Lea 1919) [=Bolboceras bispinicolle] CW92
    |    |--B. brittoni Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. carnabyorum Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. contextus (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras contextum] CW92
    |    |--B. denticollis (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras denticolle] CW92
    |    |--B. echinicollis Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. falcatus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. frontalis (Guérin-Méneville 1838) (see below for synonymy) CW92
    |    |--B. fucinus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. furcaticollis Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. goldingorum Howden 1993 G09
    |    |--B. hollowayorum Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. hoplocephalus (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras hoplocephalum] CW92
    |    |--B. incertus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. inconsuetus (Lea 1915) [=Bolboceras inconsuetum] CW92
    |    |--B. incus Howden 1993 G09
    |    |--B. inopinus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. insolitus Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. kalbarriensis Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. lunatus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. matthewsi Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. multifidus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. orarius Howden 1993 G09
    |    |--B. puncticollis (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras puncticolle] CW92
    |    |--B. quadricornis (Klug 1843) [=Bolboceras quadricornis] CW92
    |    |--B. quinquecavus Howden 1985 G09
    |    |--B. rostratus Howden 1985 CW92
    |    |--B. rugosicollis Howden 1985 G09
    |    `--B. yunaensis Howden 1985 G09
    |--Blackburnium Boucomont 1911 H79
    |    |  i. s.: B. neglectum (Hope 1841) [=Bolboceras neglectum] H79
    |    |--B. pontiferum group H79
    |    |    |--B. pauperculum Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    `--B. pontiferum (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras pontiferum] H79
    |    |--B. reichei group H79
    |    |    |--*B. reichei (Guérin-Méneville 1829) (see below for synonymy) H79
    |    |    |--B. canningense Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. cavicolle (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras cavicolle] H79
    |    |    |--B. centrale Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    `--B. neocavicolle Howden 1979 H79
    |    |--B. sloanei group H79
    |    |    |--B. cooperi Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. harslettae Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. insigne (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras insigne] H79
    |    |    |--B. quinquecorne (Lea 1916) [=Bolboceras quinquecorne] H79
    |    |    |--B. sloanei (Blackburn 1888) [=Bolboceras sloanei] H79
    |    |    `--B. triceratops Howden 1979 H79
    |    |--B. hippopus group H79
    |    |    |--B. acutipenne Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. barretti Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. brooksi Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    |--B. cornutum (Macleay 1888) [=Bolboceras cornutum] H79
    |    |    |--B. hippopus (Macleay 1888) [=Bolboceras hippopus] H79
    |    |    |--B. seticolle Howden 1979 H79
    |    |    `--B. tatei (Blackburn 1888) [=Bolboceras tatei; incl. Bo. bovilli Blackburn 1904] H79
    |    `--B. rhinoceros group H79
    |         |--B. ambiguum Howden 1979 H79
    |         |--B. angulicorne (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras angulicorne] H79
    |         |    |--B. a. angulicorne H79
    |         |    `--B. a. convexicolle Howden 1979 H79
    |         |--B. aratum (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras aratum] H79
    |         |--B. carpentariae (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras carpentariae; incl. Bo. albertisi Harold 1877] H79
    |         |--B. darwinense Howden 1979 H79
    |         |--B. kirbyi (Bainbridge in Hope 1841) H79 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--B. macleayi (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras macleayi] H79
    |         |--B. monteithi Howden 1979 H79
    |         `--B. rhinoceros (Macleay 1864) [=Bolboceras rhinoceros] H79
    `--Australobolbus Howden & Cooper 1977 G09
         |--*A. obscurius (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras obscurius] CW92
         |--A. adamsi Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. allsoppi Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. basedowi (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras basedowi] CW92
         |--A. bihamus Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. carinatus (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras carinatum] CW92
         |--A. clypealis (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolbocras clypeale] CW92
         |--A. convergifrons Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. cruciatus Howden 1990 CW92
         |--A. distropis Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. fenestratus (Blackburn 1888) [=Bolboceras fenestratum] CW92
         |--A. fraternus (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras fraternum] CW92
         |--A. gayndahensis (Macleay 1871) [=Bolboceras gayndahense] CW92
         |--A. globuliformis (Macleay 1864) [=Bolboceras globuliformis] CW92
         |--A. impressicollis (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras impressicolle] CW92
         |--A. intermedius Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. laevipes (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras laevipes] CW92
         |--A. lobocapsus Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. loweri (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras loweri] CW92
         |    |--A. l. loweri CW92
         |    `--A. l. laratinus (Arrow 1916) [=Bolboceras loweri laratinum] CW92
         |--A. mandibularis (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras mandibulare] CW92
         |--A. masneri Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. nitens (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras nitens] CW92
         |--A. nitidiceps (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras nitidiceps] CW92
         |--A. pseudobscurius Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. pseudolaevipes Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. pygmaeus Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. rossi Howden 1992 G09
         |--A. rotundatus (Hope 1842) [=Bolboceras rotundatus] CW92
         |--A. rubescens (Hope 1842) [=Bolboceras rubescens] CW92
         |--A. subretusus (Blackburn 1904) [=Bolboceras subretusum] CW92
         |--A. sweerii (Macleay 1873) [=Bolboceras sweerii] CW92
         `--A. walfordi Howden 1992 G09

Blackbolbus frontalis (Guérin-Méneville 1838) [=Bolboceras frontalis; incl. Bo. latus Bainbridge 1842, Bo. serricollis Bainbridge 1842] CW92

Blackburnium kirbyi (Bainbridge in Hope 1841) H79 [=Bolboceras kirbyi H79; incl. Bo. reichei Westwood 1848 non Guérin-Méneville 1829 CW92]

*Blackburnium reichei (Guérin-Méneville 1829) [=Bolboceras reichei; incl. Bl. bifoveatum Howden 1954, Bo. cornigerum Macleay 1873 non Melsheimer 1846] H79

Bolboleaus quadriarmigerus (Howden 1954) [=Blackburnium quadriarmigerum, Bolboceras armigerum Macleay 1871 non Bo. armiger Scopoli 1772] CW92

Bolborhachium coronatum (Klug 1843) [=Bolboceras coronatum; incl. Bolboceras capreolus Westwood 1848, Bolboceras pentagonicum Lea 1916] CW92

Bolborhachium recticorne (Guérin-Méneville 1838) [=Athyreus recticorne; incl. Bolboceras excavatum Klug 1843, Bolboceras fissicornis Bainbridge 1842, Bolboceras hastifer Bainbridge 1842, Bolboceras septemtuberculatum Bainbridge 1842] CW92

Elephastomus proboscideus kirbyanus Carne 1965 [=Bolboceras (Elephastomus) kirbyi Westwood 1848 non Bainbridge in Hope 1841, B. kirbii] CW92

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CW92] Cassis, G., & T. A. Weir. 1992. Geotrupidae. In: Houston, W. W. K. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 9. Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea pp. 41–64. AGPS Press: Canberra.

[G09] Golding, M. R. 2009. A Pictorial Field Guide to the Beetles of Australia. Part 4: Bolboceratinae. Privately published.

[H79] Howden, H. F. 1979. A revision of the Australian genus Blackburnium Boucomont (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Geotrupinae). Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 72: 1–88.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 21–126.

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

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