Orphilus subnitidus, from here.

Belongs within: Coleoptera.
Contains: Bostrichidae, Ptinidae, Dermestes, Megatominae.

The Bostrichoidea are a group of beetles predominantly adapted for dry habitats, united by modified cryptonephridism, aedeagal structure and the lack of a basal mandibular mola in the larva. Members include the Dermestidae whose larvae are scavengers on dry material of animal origin such as desiccated carcasses or shed hair or feathers (Lawrence & Britton 1991).

    |  i. s.: Endecatomus [Endecatomidae] B14
    |           `--E. dorsalis Mellié 1848 B14
    |         Gnostidae RD77
    |--+--Bostrichidae MW15
    |  `--Ptinidae MW15
    `--Dermestidae MW15
         |  i. s.: Reesa vespulae LB91
         |         Neoanthrenus YHT05
         |         Hexanodes AY04
         |         Thorictinae [Thorictidae] LB91
         |           |--Thorictodes RD77
         |           `--Thorictus A61
         |                |--T. capensis A61
         |                |--T. castaneus Germ. 1834 G89
         |                |--T. germari Lucas 1846 E12
         |                |--T. mauritanicus Lucas 1846 E12
         |                `--T. puncticollis Lucas 1846 E12
         |         Trinodinae B14
         |           |--Trichelodes [Trichelodini] LB91
         |           |    `--T. delicatula LB91
         |           `--Thylodrini B14
         |                |--Thylodrias contractus Motschulsky 1839 B14
         |                `--Trichodrias B14
         |         Attagenus Latreille 1802 L02 [Attageninae LB91]
         |           |--A. macellarius [=Dermestes macellarius] L02
         |           |--A. pellio B70
         |           |--A. piceus C01
         |           |--A. posticalis Fairm. 1879 G89
         |           |--A. schaefferi C01
         |           |--A. trifasciatus [=Dermestes trifasciatus] L02
         |           |--A. unicolor OM91
         |           |    |--A. u. unicolor OM91
         |           |    `--A. u. japonicus OM91
         |           `--A. unifasciatus Fairm. 1860 G89
         |         Tiresias RD77
         |--Orphilinae B14
         |    |--Orphilus subnitidus LeConte 1861 MW15, B14
         |    `--Orphilodes B14
         `--+--Dermestes MW15
            `--Megatominae MW15

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Andreae, H. 1961. Coleoptera: Cossyphodidae. In: Hanström, B., P. Brinck & G. Rudebeck (eds) South African Animal Life: Results of the Lund University Expedition in 1950–1951 vol. 8 pp. 198–216. Almqvist & Wiksell: Uppsala.

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects ‘Down Under’—diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216–234.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[B70] Britton, E. B. 1970. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 495–621. Melbourne University Press.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso “Esploratore” dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 5–72.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[MW15] McKenna, D. D., A. L. Wild, K. Kanda, C. L. Bellamy, R. G. Beutel, M. S. Caterino, C. W. Farnum, D. C. Hawks, M. A. Ivie, M. L. Jameson, R. A. B. Leschen, A. E. Marvaldi, J. V. McHugh, A. F. Newton, J. A. Robertson, M. K. Thayer, M. F. Whiting, J. F. Lawrence, A. Ślipiński, D. R. Maddison & B. D. Farrell. 2015. The beetle tree of life reveals that Coleoptera survived end-Permian mass extinction to diversify during the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution. Systematic Entomology 40 (4): 835–880.

[OM91] Okamoto, M., & K. Matsumoto. 1991. Observations on the behavior of the hypopus of Lardoglyphus konoi. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 555-559. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[YHT05] Yates, C. J., S. D. Hopper & R. H. Taplin. 2005. Native insect flower visitor diversity and feral honeybees on jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) in Kings Park, an urban bushland remnant. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 147–153.

Last updated: 19 December 2020.

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