Corixa punctata, copyright Wolfram Sondermann.

Belongs within: Panheteroptera.

The Corixidae, water boatmen, are a group of aquatic bugs characterised by short forelegs with hair-fringed scoop-shaped or cylindrical tarsi. These are used to collect prey (mostly insect larvae) from bottom ooze. Hind legs are used for swimming and have long fringes of hair on the tibiae and tarsi. The dorsum of the abdomen is concave, allowing for the retention of a bubble of air beneath the wings. The majority of living species are included in the subfamily Corixinae; members of the genus Micronecta are much smaller than species of Corixinae. The Australasian Diaprepocorinae differ from other corixids in the possession of ocelli and additional cuticular blades fringing the hind tarsi (Carver et al. 1991).

<==Corixidae [Corixoidea, Shurabellidae]
    |--Diaprepocoris [Diaprepocorinae] CGW91
    |--Velocorixa [Velocorixinae] S02
    |    `--V. ponomarenkoi S02
    |--Micronecta [Micronectinae] CGW91
    |    |--M. robusta TJ06
    |    `--M. scholtzi (Fieber 1860) SB05
    `--Corixinae CGW91
         |--Cymatia coleoptrata CGW91, H01
         |--Agraptocorixa CGW91
         |    |--A. eurynome CGW91
         |    `--A. parvipunctata TDC06
         |--Sigara CGW91
         |    |--S. arguta PC66
         |    |--S. falleni W01
         |    |--S. fossarum (Leach 1817) SB05
         |    |--S. lateralis (Leach 1817) SB05
         |    |--S. limitata (Fieber 1848) SB05
         |    |--S. nigrolineata (Fieber 1848) SB05
         |    |--S. scotti (Douglas & Scott 1868) SB05
         |    |--S. selecta (Fieber 1848) SB05
         |    |--S. semistriata (Fieber 1848) SB05
         |    `--S. stagnalis (Leach 1817) SB05
         `--Corixa Geoffroy 1762 SB05
              |--C. affinis Leach 1817 SB05
              |--C. concinna CS77
              |--C. fallenii H01
              |--C. geoffroyi H01
              |--C. iberica Jansson 1981 SB05
              |--C. lateralis [incl. C. hieroglyphica] H01
              |--C. limitata H01
              |--C. nigrolineata CS77
              |--C. panzeri (Fieber 1848) SB05
              |--C. punctata Im92
              |--C. stagnalis CS77
              |--C. striata H01 [=Sigara striata L02]
              `--C. vanduzeei S02

Corixidae incertae sedis:
  Haenbea badamgaravae GE05, S02
  Yanliaocorixa S02
  Gazimuria GE05
  Karataviella GE05
  Diapherinus GE05
  Cristocorixa GE05
  Bumbacorixa GE05
  Corixonecta GE05
  Jiangxicorixa S02
  Linicorixa S02
  Ratiticorixa S02
  Vulcanicorixa S02
  Shelopuga sinitsae S02
  Siculocorixa estria S02
  Lufengnacta GE05
  Liassocorixa GE05
  Bakharia GE05
  Archaeocorixa GE05
  Baissocorixa GE05
  Mesosigara kryshtofovichi GE05, S02
  Corixalia GE05
  Rhomboidella GE05
  Shurabella GE05
  Diacorixa S02
    |--D. germanica S02
    `--D. miocenica S02
  Cenocorixa WP99
    |--C. bifida WP99
    `--C. expleta WP99
  Hesperocorixa TW05
    |--H. distanti (Kirkaldy 1899) Iw92
    |--H. kolthoffi (Lundblad 1933) Iw92
    |--H. linnaei (Fieber 1848) SB05
    |--H. mandshurica (Jaczewski 1924) Iw92
    `--H. moesta (Fieber 1848) SB05
  Venacorixa xiangzhongensis Lin 1986 RJ93
  Shurania sibirica Popov 1985 RJ93
  Shuragobia altaica Popov 1988 RJ93
  Trichocorixa Kirkaldy 1908 SB05
    |--T. kanza Sailer 1948 SB05
    |--T. reticulata (Guérin-Ménéville 1857) SB05
    `--T. verticalis (Fieber 1851) SB05
  Parasigara transversa (Fieber 1848) SB05
  Heliocorisa Lundblad 1928 SB05
  Arctocorixa RD77
    |--A. abdominalis RD77
    `--A. mercenaria RD77

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[Im92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[Iw92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SB05] Sala, J., & D. Boix. 2005. Presence of the Nearctic water boatman Trichocorixa verticalis verticalis (Fieber, 1851) (Heteroptera, Corixidae) in the Algarve region (S Portugal). Graellsia 61 (1): 31–36.

[S02] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 388–426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[TJ06] Thomas, E. J., & J. John. 2006. Diatoms and macroinvertebrates as biomonitors of mine-lakes in Collie, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (3): 109–117.

[TDC06] Timms, B. V., B. Datson & M. Coleman. 2006. The wetlands of the Lake Carey catchment, northeast Goldfields of Western Australia, with special reference to large branchiopods. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (4): 175–183.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[W01] Wohltmann, A. 2001. Closely related species of Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata) inhabiting the same areas: features facilitating coexistence. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 121–135. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

Last updated: 14 May 2022.

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