Galumna

Galumna sp., copyright Dann Thombs.


Belongs within: Galumnoidea.

Galumna is a cosmopolitan genus of over 200 species of oribatid mites with well-developed pteromorphs. The majority of species are included in the subgenus Galumna in which line L on the prodorsum (corresponding to the position of the lamellae in other oribatids) is more or less arched, with the lamellar setae positioned far from the end of line L. Members of the subgenera Erogalumna and Indogalumna have dense longitudinal lines on the notogaster (Balogh & Balogh 1992). In the subgenus Cosmogalumna, the notogaster is ornamented in a reticulate pattern.

Characters (from Balogh & Balogh 1992): Lamellar setae originating laterad to line L. Notogaster with areae porosae, ten pairs of setae. Pteromorphae with one seta.

Galumna Heyden 1826 S04
    |  i. s.: G. clericata (Berlese 1915) S07
    |         G. formicarius NB-P09
    |         G. longipluma Berlese 1904 H07
    |         G. tenuiclavus G33
    |--G. (Galumna) [incl. Holokalumma Jacot 1929, Holozetes Jacot 1929, Zetes Koch 1836] S04
    |    |--*G. (G.) alata (Hermann 1804) S04 [=Notaspis alatus S04, Oribates alatus CF77, Zetes alatus CF77]
    |    |    |--G. a. alata (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    `--G. a. multiiterata Subías 2004 [=Galumna maxima Willmann 1939 non Oribata maxima Berlese 1916] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) aba Mahunka 1989 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) aegyptica Abdel-Hamid, Al-Assiuty & Trrad 1982 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) agueroi Balogh 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ambigua Wallwork 1977 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) angularis Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984 [incl. G. hamifer Mahunka 1985] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ankaratra Mahunka 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) antalata Banks 1916 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) appressala (Ewing 1910) (n. d.) [=Oribata appressala] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) arabica Bayoumi & Al-Khalifa 1984 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) araujoi Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1994 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) armatifera Mahunka 1996 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) arrugata Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) atomaria (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata atomaria] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) australis (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata australis] S04
    |    |    |--G. a. australis S04
    |    |    `--G. a. pembertoni (Jacot 1934) [=Zetes pembertoni] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) azoreana Pérez-Íñigo 1992 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) baloghi Wallwork 1965 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) banksi Jacot 1929 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) barnardi (Jacot 1940) [=Holozetes barnardi] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) basilewskyi Balogh 1962 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) berlesei Oudemans 1919 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) betzaida Mahunka 1992 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) bimorpha Mahunka 1987 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) bradleyi (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes bradleyi] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) brasiliensis Sellnick 1923 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) californica (Hall 1911) [=Oribata alata californica] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) calva Starý 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) capensis Engelbrecht 1969 S04
    |    |    |--G. c. capensis S04
    |    |    `--G. c. dissimilis Engelbrecht 1969 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) castanea (Canestrini 1898) (n. d.) [=Oribata castanea] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) changchuneis Wen 1987 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) chujoi Aoki 1966 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) circularis Hammer 1958 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cirripilis (Canestrini 1898) (n. d.) [=Oribata cirripilis] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coloradensis (Jacot 1929) S04 [=*Holokalumma coloradensis BB92]
    |    |--G. (G.) colossus Oudemans 1915 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) comparabilis Engelbrecht 1972 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coreana Choi 1986 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) coronata Mahunka 1992 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) costata Mahunka 1978 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) crenata Deb & Raychaudhuri 1975 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cubana Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) cuneata Aoki 1961 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) delectum Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1996 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) difficilis (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata difficilis] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dimidiata Engelbrecht 1969 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dimorpha Krivolutskaja 1952 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) discifera Balogh 1960 [incl. G. engelbrechti Balogh & Balogh 2002 non Mahunka 1997] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dispar Willmann 1931 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) divergens Mahunka 1995 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dorsalis (Koch 1835) (n. d.) [=Zetes dorsalis] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) dubia Mihelčič 1953 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) egregia Sellnick 1923 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) elegantula (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes elegantulus] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) elimata (Koch 1841) [=Oribata elimata] S04
    |    |    |--G. e. elimata (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |    `--G. e. sinensis Jacot 1922 [=G. obvia sinensis] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) engelbrechti Mahunka 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) euaensis Hammer 1973 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) europaea (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata emarginatus europaea] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) exigua Sellnick 1925 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) fijiensis Hammer 1973 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) flabellifera Hammer 1958 S04
    |    |    |--G. f. flabellifera [incl. Pergalumna pyri Elbadry & Nasr 1975] S04
    |    |    `--G. f. orientalis Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) flagellata Willmann 1925 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) floridae (Jacot 1929) [=Holokalumma floridae] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) fordi (Jacot 1934) [=Zetes fordi] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) gharbiensis Bayoumi, Al-Assiuty et al. 1983 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) gibbula Grandjean 1956 [=G. tarsipennata gibbula] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) glabra Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) globuloides (Tafner 1905) (n. d.) [=Oribata globuloides] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) granalata Aoki 1984 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) grandjeani Balogh 1962 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hammerae Balogh 1985 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) heros (Canestrini 1897) (n. d.) [=Oribata heros] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hexagona Balogh 1960 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) homodactyla (Karpelles 1893) (n. d.) [=Oribata homodactyla] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) hudsoni Hammer 1952 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) humida (Hall 1911) [=Oribata humida] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘imperfecta’ Hammer 1972 non Banks 1906 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) incerta Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) incisa Mahunka 1982 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) innexa Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1986 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) iranensis Mahunka 2001 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) irazu Balogh 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) iterata Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ithacensis (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes ithacensis] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) jacoti Wharton 1938 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) karajica Mahunka 2001 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) kazakhstani Krivolutskaja 1952 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) khoii Mahunka 1989 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lanceata (Oudemans 1900) (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |--G. (G.) laselvae Balogh 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) longiclava Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) longiporosa Fujikawa 1972 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) louisianae (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes louisianae; incl. G. confusa Woodring 1965] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lunaris Jeleva, Scull & Cruz 1984 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) lyrica (Jacot 1935) [=Holokalumma lyrica] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) macroptera (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata macroptera] S04
    |    |    |--G. m. macroptera S04
    |    |    `--G. m. matecumbei (Jacot 1935) [=Zetes matecumbei] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) major (Pearce 1906) [=Oribata alata major] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mariae Balogh 1961 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mauritii Mahunka 1978 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘maxima’ (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata maxima non Ewing 1908] S04
    |    |    |--G. m. maxima S04
    |    |    |--G. m. lawrencei Jacot 1940 S04
    |    |    `--G. m. natalensis Jacot 1940 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) media (Berlese 1914) [=Oribata media] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) microfissum Hammer 1968 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) minuta (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata minuta] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mollis Kunst 1958 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) monteithi Balogh & Mahunka 1978 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) monticola Hammer 1977 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) mystax Pérez-Íñigo & Pérez-Íñigo 1993 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nigra (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata nigra] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nilgiria (Ewing 1910) [=Oribata nilgiria] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) niliaca Al-Assiuty, Abdel-Hamid et al. 1985 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nodula Nevin 1974 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nonoensis Balogh 1988 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) nuda Engelbrecht 1972 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) obvia (Berlese 1914) SK10, S04 [=Oribata obvius S04]
    |    |--G. (G.) ‘ovata’ (Berlese 1916) (n. d.) [=Oribata ovata non Koch 1839] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) pallida Hammer 1958 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parascaber Deb & Raychaudhuri 1975 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parva Woodring 1965 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) parviporosa Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) perezi Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1994 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) planiclava Hammer 1973 S04
    |    |    |--G. p. planiclava S04
    |    |    `--G. p. ishigakiensis Aoki 1982 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) polyporus Mihelčič 1952 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) pusilla Sellnick 1923 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) reiterata Subías 2004 [=G. longiporosa Choi 1986 non Fujikawa 1972] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) reticulata Hammer 1958 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rossica Sellnick 1926 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rostrata Sellnick 1922 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) rugosa Hammer 1968 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sabahna Mahunka 1995 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) saboori Mahunka 2001 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) samoaensis Jacot 1924 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) scaber Hammer 1968 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sequoiae (Jacot 1929) [=Zetes sequoiae] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) setigera Mihelčič 1956 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |--G. (G.) similis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1980 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) sinuofrons Jacot 1922 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) strinovichi Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) swezeyi (Jacot 1928) [=Zetes swezeyi] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) szentivanyorum Balogh & Balogh 1983 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tarsipennata Oudemans 1913 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tessellata (Ewing 1910) [=Oribata tessellata] S04
    |    |--G. (G.) texana Banks 1906 S04 [=*Holozetes texanus BB92]
    |    |--G. (G.) tokyoensis Aoki 1966 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tricuspidata Engelbrecht 1969 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) triops Balogh 1960 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) triquetra Aoki 1965 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) tuberculata Mahunka 1997 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) unica Sellnick 1923 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) valida Aoki 1994 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) varia Mahunka 1995 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) virginiensis Jacot 1929 S04
    |    |--G. (G.) weni Aoki & Hu 1993 S04
    |    `--G. (G.) zachvatkini Grishina 1982 S04
    |--G. (Angulogalumna Grishina 1981) S04
    |    `--G. (*A.) asiatica (Grishina 1981) [=*Angulogalumna asiatica] S04
    |--G. (Cosmogalumna Aoki 1988) [incl. Variogalumna Mahunka 1995] S04
    |    |--G. (*C.) ornata (Aoki 1988) [=*Cosmogalumna ornata] S04
    |    |--G. (C.) praeoccupata Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    `--G. (C.) singularis (Mahunka 1995) [=Variogalumna singularis] S04
    |--G. (Erogalumna Grandjean 1964) S04
    |    `--G. (*E.) zeucta (Grandjean 1964) [=*Erogalumna zeucta] S04
    |--G. (Indogalumna Balakrishnan 1985) S04
    |    |--G. (*I.) microsulcata (Balakrishnan 1985) [=*Indogalumna microsulcata] S04
    |    |--G. (I.) ‘monticola’ (Balakrishnan 1985) non Hammer 1977 [=Indogalumna monticola] S04
    |    |--G. (I.) neonominata Subías 2004 [=G. clavata Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1991 non Sellnick 1931] S04
    |    |--G. (I.) pterolineata Hammer 1972 S04
    |    |--G. (I.) rasilis Pérez-Íñigo 1987 (see below for synonymy) S04
    |    `--G. (I.) undulata (Balakrishnan 1985) [=Indogalumna undulata] S04
    `--G. (Kabylogalumna Bernini 1984) S04
         `--G. (*K.) rhinoceros (Bernini 1984) [=*Kabylogalumna rhinoceros] S04

Galumna (Cosmogalumna) praeoccupata Subías 2004 [=Cosmogalumna imperfecta Aoki & Hu 1993 non G. imperfecta Hammer 1972] S04

*Galumna (Galumna) alata alata (Hermann 1804) [incl. G. coleoptratrum occidentale Jacot 1929, Oribata octopunctata Ewing 1909, Zetes satellitius Koch 1841] S04

Galumna (Galumna) elimata elimata (Koch 1841) [incl. Oribata obvius norvegicus Berlese 1914, Dimidiogalumna wallworki Balogh & Balogh 2002] S04

Galumna
(Galumna) iterata Subías 2004 [=Zetes banksi Jacot 1929 non Galumna banksi Jacot 1929; incl. G. jacoti Marshall, Reeves & Norton 1987 non Wharton 1938] S04

Galumna (Galumna) lanceata (Oudemans 1900) [=Notaspis lanceata; incl. G. maxima Mihelčič 1956 nec Oribata maxima Berlese 1916 nec G. maxima Willmann 1939] S04

Galumna
(Galumna) setigera Mihelčič 1956 [incl. G. (Pergalumna) crassicostata Mihelčič 1956, G. distincta Mihelčič 1956, G. (P.) fusigera Mihelčič 1956, G. sicca Mihelčič 1957] S04

Galumna (Galumna) tarsipennata Oudemans 1913 [incl. G. (Pergalumna) lata Mihelčič 1956, G. nova Mihelčič 1957, G. parvula Mihelčič 1956] S04

Galumna (Indogalumna) rasilis Pérez-Íñigo 1987 [incl. G. rugosa Wallwork 1977 non Hammer 1968, G. sanctaehelenae Balogh & Balogh 2002] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 1. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[G33] Grandjean, F. 1933. Étude sur le développement des oribates. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 58: 30–61.

[H07] Haq, M. A. 2007. Biodegradation and productivity in tropical ecosystem by oribatid mites. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 137–150. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SK10] Schäffer, S., S. Koblmüller, T. Pfingstl, C. Sturmbauer & G. Krisper. 2010. Ancestral state reconstruction reveals multiple independent evolution of diagnostic morphological characters in the "Higher Oribatida" (Acari), conflicting with current classification. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 246.

[S07] Schatz, H. 2007. Biogeography of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) from the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica and Panama. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 151–167. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

Last updated: 27 June 2017.

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