Acaridae

Mould mite Tyrophagus putrescentiae, from the US Department of Agriculture.


Belongs within: Acaroidea.
Contains: Rhizoglyphinae.

The Acaridae are a diverse group of often generalised astigmatan mites. Many species are insect associates, with a phoretic hypopus (deutonymph) stage in the life cycle (Philips 1990). Members of the basal subfamily Acarinae appear to be vertebrate nidicoles (i.e. living in vertebrate nesting structures such as nests, burrows or human houses); deutonymphs are known to be phoretic on fleas (OConnor 2001).

Characters (from Philips 1990): Chelicerae chelate-dentate. Idiosoma usually smooth, with simple setae; setae vi present; sejugal furrow present. Tarsi with pair of sclerotised condylophores supporting well-developed empodial claw in fleshy pretarsus; tibia I with two setae and one solenidion. Males usually with pair of anal suckers and pair of suckers on tarsus IV. Hypopus with scapular setae smooth; posteroventral sucker plate present.

<==Acaridae [Acarini, Tyroglyphidae]
    |--Acarinae O01
    |    |--Psyllacarus O01
    |    `--+--Paraceroglyphus O01
    |       `--+--Trichopsylopus O01
    |          `--Acarus [Acaridini] O01
    |               |--*A. siro Linnaeus 1758 K09, O01 [=Tyrogliphus siro] CF77
    |               |--A. armatus CF77
    |               |--A. caudatus Canestrini & Fanzago 1877 CF77
    |               |--A. cubicularius CF77
    |               |--A. domesticus CF77
    |               |--A. farinae [=Tyroglyphus farinae] CF77
    |               |--A. farris (Oudemans 1905) W91
    |               |--A. gracilis (Hughes 1957) DA07
    |               |--A. immobilis Griffiths 1964 W91
    |               |--A. mammillaris CF77
    |               |--A. oblongulus CF77
    |               |--A. penetrans Contarini 1843 CF77
    |               `--A. ‘spinipes’ Koch 1835-1844 non Müller 1776 [=Glyciphagus spinipes] CF77
    `--+--Horstiinae O01
       |    |--Neohorstia O01
       |    `--+--+--Megachilopus O01
       |       |  `--+--Cerophagopsis indicus O01
       |       |     `--Sennertionyx O01
       |       `--+--Diadasiopus O01
       |          `--+--Horstiella O01
       |             `--+--Medeus O01
       |                `--Horstia O01 [incl. Ceroglyphus O09]
       |                     |--H. longa O01
       |                     `--H. virginica K62
       `--+--+--‘Acotyledon’ formosani O01
          |  `--Rhizoglyphinae O01
          `--Tyrophaginae O01
               |  i. s.: Schulzea O01
               |         Aleuroglyphus ovatus (Troupeau 1879) O01, DA07
               |--Lackerbaueria O01
               `--+--Kuzinia O01
                  `--+--Forcellinia O01
                     `--Tyrophagus [Tyrophagini] O01
                          |--T. casei C91
                          |--T. formicitorum O01
                          |--T. fungivorus SM91
                          |--T. longior EP91
                          |--T. neiswanderi Johnston & Bruce 1965 W91
                          |--T. palmarum Oudemans 1924 W91
                          |--T. perniciosus Zachvatkin 1941 W91
                          |--T. putrescentiae (Schrank 1781) DA07
                          |--T. similis K91
                          `--T. zachvatkini O09

Acaridae incertae sedis:
  Mycetoglyphus O01
  Neoacotyledon O01
  Tyroborus lini (Oudemans 1924) DA07
  Fagacarus P90
  Konoglyphus P90
  Neotropacarus WP99
  Reckiacarus O09
  Trichodactylus xylocopae CF77
  Aleurobius farinae S22
  Tyroglyphus S22
    |--T. longior S22
    |--T. siculus S22
    `--T. siro S22

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[CF77] Canestrini, G. & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69-208, pls 202-207.

[C91] Chmielewski, W. 1991. Stored products mites (Acaroidea) in Polish bee hives. In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 615-619. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[DA07] Domes, K., M. Althammer, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & M. Maraun. 2007. The phylogenetic relationship between Astigmata and Oribatida (Acari) as indicated by molecular markers. Experimental and Applied Acarology 42 (3): 159-171.

[EP01] Emmanouel, N. G., & H. Panou. 1991. A study on mites associated with bark and twigs of various trees in Attica (Greece). In: Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 523-532. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K09] Krantz, G. W. 2009. Introduction. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 1-2. Texas Tech University Press.

[K62] Krombein, K. V. 1962. Natural history of Plummers Island, Maryland. XVI. Biological notes on Chaetodactylus krombeini Baker, a parasitic mite of the megachilid bee, Osmia (Osmia) lignaria Say (Acarina: Chaetodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 237-250.

[K91] Kuwahara, Y. 1991. Pheromone studies on astigmatid mites—alarm, aggregation and sex. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 43-52. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[O01] OConnor, B. M. 2001. Historical ecology of the Acaridae (Acari): Phylogenetic evidence for host and habitat shifts. In Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress (R. B. Halliday, D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff, eds) pp. 76-82. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W. & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology, 3rd ed., pp. 565-657. Texas Tech University Press.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757-778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23-112, 4 pls.

[SM91] Serralheiro, F., & M. Madeira. 1991. Acari colonization of Quercus suber and Eucalyptus globulus litter. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 353-358. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[WP99] Walter, D. E. & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[W91] Walzl, M. G. 1991. Comparison of the sclerotized structures of Acaridae and Glycyphagidae used for copulation. In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 283-286. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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