Manuka Leptospermum scoparium, copyright Gerald W.

Belongs within: Myrtaceae.

The Leptospermeae are a clade of trees and shrubs producing fruits as a woody capsule, sometimes with delayed opening.

Characters (from Wilson et al. 2005): Shrubs or trees; leaves mostly spiral. Inflorescences of solitary flowers or triads sometimes aggregated into head-like clusters of flowers, very rarely into bottlebrush-like structures (Kunzea baxteri); flowers usually with free stamens (except Asteromyrtus), anthers versatile, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary half-inferior; placentas axile; ovules anatropous or hemitropous. Fruit a woody capsule, sometimes with delayed dehiscence; seeds linear or ellipsoid to obovoid, occasionally winged.

<==Leptospermeae [Leptospermineae]
    |  i. s.: Asteromyrtus symphyocarpa WO05, WF01
    |         Angasomyrtus WO05
    |         Homalospermum WO05
    |         Neofabricia WO05
    |         Pericalymma ellipticum WO05, RL05
    |--Kunzea WO05
    |    |--K. ambigua SN08
    |    |--K. baxteri WO05
    |    |--K. capitata WO05
    |    |--K. ericifolia SS05
    |    |--K. ericoides L03
    |    |    |--K. e. var. ericoides L97
    |    |    `--K. e. var. linearis L97
    |    |--K. micrantha GK00
    |    |--K. micromera OS04
    |    |--K. muelleri KC83
    |    |--K. preissiana OS04
    |    |--K. recurva GK00
    |    `--K. sulphurea GK00
    `--+--Agonis WO05
       |    |--A. flexuosa WO05
       |    |--A. hypericifolia GK00
       |    |--A. juniperina GK00
       |    `--A. parviceps GK00
       `--Leptospermum Forster & Forster 1776 WO05, A61
            |--L. arachnoideum C08
            |--L. attenuatum M65
            |--L. brachyandrum M65
            |--L. chapmanii A27
            |--L. continentale YHT05
            |--L. coriaceum G76
            |--L. ellipticum L88
            |--L. ericoides Rich. 1832 A61
            |    |--L. e. var. ericoides A61
            |    |--L. e. var. lineare Kirk 1889 [incl. L. ericoides var. lineatum Kirk 1899, L. lineatum Ckn. 1911] A61
            |    `--L. e. var. microflorum Simpson 1945 A61
            |--L. erubescens OS04
            |--L. fastigiatum G04
            |--L. flavescens M65
            |--L. fraseri A27
            |--L. grandiflorum SN08
            |--L. juniperinum B14
            |--L. laevigatum SN08
            |--L. lanigerum SN08
            |--L. luehmannii M65
            |--L. microcarpum M65
            |--L. myrsinoides YHT05
            |--L. nichollsii A27
            |--L. nitens G04
            |--L. nitidum SN08
            |--L. phylicoides C96
            |--L. recurvum P88
            |--L. scoparium Forster & Forster 1776 (see below for synonymy) A61
            |    |--L. s. var. scoparium A61
            |    `--L. s. var. incanum Ckn. 1917 A61
            |--L. sinclairii Kirk 1899 A61
            |--L. spectabile WO05
            |--L. spinescens G04
            |--L. stellatum C08
            `--L. trinervium WO05

Leptospermum scoparium Forster & Forster 1776 [incl. L. scoparium var. linifolium Hooker 1852, L. scoparium var. myrtifolium Hooker 1852, L. scoparium var. parvum Kirk 1899, L. scoparium var. prostratum Hooker 1852] A61

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[A27] Andersen, J. C. 1927. Popular names of New Zealand plants. Part 2. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 905–977.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature's gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[C96] Calder, A. A. 1996. Click beetles: genera of the Australian Elateridae (Coleoptera). CSIRO Australia: Collingwood.

[C08] Cambage, R. H. 1908. Notes on the native flora of New South Wales. Part VI. Deepwater to Torrington and Emmaville. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33 (1): 45–65, pls 1–2.

[G04] Gibson, N. 2004. Flora and vegetation of the Eastern Goldfields Ranges: part 7. Middle and South Ironcap, Digger Rock and Hatter Hill. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (2): 49–62.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[G76] Gross, G. F. 1976. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera—Part II. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia.

[KC83] Körner, C., & P. Cochrane. 1983. Influence of plant physiognomy on leaf temperature on clear midsummer days in the Snowy Mountains, south-eastern Australia. Acta Œcologica Œcologiae Plantae 4 (2): 117–124.

[L97] Lange, P. J. de. 1997. Hebe brevifolia (Scrophulariaceae)—an ultramafic endemic of the Surville Cliffs, North Cape, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 35: 1–8.

[L03] Leschen, R. A. B. 2003. Erotylidae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cucujoidea): phylogeny and review. Fauna of New Zealand 47: 1–108.

[L88] Long, J. L. 1988. Introduced Birds and Mammals in Western Australia 2nd ed. Agriculture Protection Board of Western Australia.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[OS04] Obbens, F. J., & L. W. Sage. 2004. Vegetation and flora of a diverse upland remnant of the Western Australian wheatbelt (Nature Reserve A21064). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 87 (1): 19–28.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[RL05] Rafferty, C., & B. B. Lamont. 2005. Selective feeding by macropods on vegetation regenerating following fire. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 155–165.

[SN08] Schmidt, E. R., & T. R. New. 2008. The Psocoptera (Insecta) of Tasmania, Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 65: 71–152.

[SS05] Semeniuk, V., & C. A. Semeniuk. 2005. Wetland sediments and soils on the Swan Coastal Plain, southwestern Australia: types, distribution, susceptibility to combustion, and implications for fire management. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (3): 91–120.

[WO05] Wilson, P. G., M. M. O'Brien, M. M. Heslewood & C. J. Quinn. 2005. Relationships within Myrtaceae sensu lato based on a matK phylogeny. Plant Systematics and Evolution 251: 3–19.

[WF01] Woinarski, J. C. Z., A. Fisher, K. Brennan, I. Morris & R. Chatto. 2001. Patterns of bird species richness and composition on islands off Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology 26: 1–13.

[YHT05] Yates, C. J., S. D. Hopper & R. H. Taplin. 2005. Native insect flower visitor diversity and feral honeybees on jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) in Kings Park, an urban bushland remnant. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 147–153.

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