Pinworm Oxyuris equi, from here.

Belongs within: Secernentea.

The Oxyuridomorpha are a group of animal-parasitic nematodes characterised by the possession of a large, valvate esophageal bulb. Members of the superfamily Thelastomatoidea are parasites of insects whereas Oxyuroidea mostly infect vertebrates.

Oxyuridomorpha [Oxyurida]
    |  i. s.: Blatticola monandros WPT01
    |         Protellus dixoni WPT01
    |         Hammerschmidtiella diesingi L02
    |         Aspiculuris tetraptera J02, P02
    |         Auchenacantha J02
    |         Gyrinicola batrachiensis J02
    |         Blattophila sphaerolima R91
    |--Thelastomatoidea LB02
    |    |--Hystrignathidae LB02
    |    |--Protrelloididae LB02
    |    |--Travassosinema [Travassosinematidae] LB02
    |    |    `--T. thyropygi G02
    |    `--Thelastomatidae LB02
    |         |--Leidynema appendiculata MM02, WPT01
    |         |--Wetanema hula W02, WPT01
    |         `--Thelastoma MM02
    |              |--T. bulhoesi MM02
    |              `--T. periplaneticola WPT01
    `--Oxyuroidea LB02
         |  i. s.: Dentostomella G02
         |         Passalurus ambiguus G02
         |--Parapharyngodon CD88 [Pharyngodonidae LB02]
         |    |--P. acanthura (Linstow 1904) (n. d.) CD88
         |    |--P. adamsoni Crusz & Daundasekera 1988 CD88
         |    |--P. maplestoni Chatterji 1933 CD88
         |    |--P. megaloon (Linstow 1906) (n. d.) CD88
         |    `--P. micipsae (Seurat 1917) CD88
         |--Heteroxynematidae LB02
         `--Oxyuridae LB02
              |--Enterobius vermicularis L02
              |--Syphacia Seurat 1916 H62
              |    |--*S. obvelata (Rudolphi 1802) [=Ascaris obvelata] H62
              |    `--S. muris P02
              `--Oxyuris Rudolphi 1803 H62
                   |--*O. curvula Rudolphi 1803 H62
                   |--O. equi L02
                   |--O. megatyphlon P89
                   `--O. obvelata P89

*Type species of generic name indicated


[CD88] Crusz, H., & D. M. A. K. Daundasekera. 1988. Parasites of the relict fauna of Ceylon. IX. Helminths from burrowing scincine lizards. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee 63: 439–447.

[G02] Gibbons, L. M. 2002. General organisation. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 31–59. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[H62] Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea: Conodonts, Conoidal Shells of Uncertain Affinities, Worms, Trace Fossils and Problematica pp. W144–W177. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[J02] Justine, J.-L. 2002. Male and female gametes and fertilisation. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 73–119. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02] Lee, D. L. 2002. Cuticle, moulting and exsheathment. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 171–209. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[LB02] Ley, P. de, & M. Blaxter. 2002. Systematic position and phylogeny. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 1–30. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[MM02] Munn, E. A., & P. D. Munn. 2002. Feeding and digestion. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 211–232. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[P89] Parona, C. 1889. Sopra alcuni elminti di Vertebrati birmani raccolti da Leonardo Fea. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 765–780.

[P02] Perry, R. N. 2002. Hatching. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 147–169. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[R91] Roth, L. M. 1991. Blatttodea. Blattaria (cockroaches). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 320–329. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[W02] Wharton, D. A. 2002. Nematode survival strategies. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 389–411. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[WPT01] Wharton, D. A., R. Poulin & C. L. Tyrell. 2001. Parasites of anostostomatid insects. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 259–267. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Last updated: 3 June 2022.

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