Diparinae

Lelaps striatus, from here.


The Diparinae are a group of chalcidoid wasps found primarily in leaf litter. Many species are strongly sexually dimorphic: males are usually macropterous, but females may be brachypterous or apterous (Desjardins 2007).

Characters (from Bouček 1988, Desjardins 2007): Antenna 13-segmented. Scutellum varied, but never smooth and convex. Metacoxa inserted unusually high, usually with transverse striations on posterior margin. Gastral tergite 1 usually expanded to cover at least half of metasoma. Cercal brush present. Females often apterous or brachypterous.

Belongs within: Chalcidoidea.

<==Diparinae [Diparides, Diparini, Lelapinae]
    |--+--Chimaerolelaps Desjardins 2007 D07
    |  |    `--*C. villosa Desjardins 2007 D07
    |  `--Dipara D07
    `--+--Netomocera Bouček 1954 D07, B88 [Netomocerini]
       |    |--*N. setifera Bouček 1954 D07
       |    |--N. africana Hedqvist 1971 D07
       |    |--N. alboscapus Hedqvist 1971 D07
       |    |--N. nearctica Yoshimoto 1977 D07
       |    |--N. nigra Sureshan & Narendran 1990 D07
       |    |--N. rufa Hedqvist 1971 D07
       |    `--N. sedlaceki Bouček 1988 B88
       `--+--Lelaps Walker 1843 (see below for synonymy) D07
          |    |--*L. pulchricornis [=*Dilaelaps pulchricornis, *Stenopistha pulchricornis] D07
          |    |--L. abdominalis Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. aeneiceps Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. affinis Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. albipes Cameron 1884 D07
          |    |--L. albofasciatus Hedqvist 1964 D07
          |    |--L. annulicornua (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha annulicornua] D07
          |    |--L. apicalis Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. argenticoxa Girault 1916) [=*Spalangiolaelaps argenticoxa] D07
          |    |--L. avicula Haliday 1844 D07
          |    |--L. beckeri Yoshimoto 1977 D07
          |    |--L. bimaculata Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. callisto Marshall in Buysson & Marshall 1892 [=Laelaps (l. c.) callisto] D07
          |    |--L. caudatula (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha caudatula] D07
          |    |--L. decorata Walker 1862 [=Laelaps (l. c.) decorata] D07
          |    |--L. ferrierei Hedqvist 1964 D07
          |    |--L. ferruginea Cameron 1884 D07
          |    |--L. flagellata (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha flagellata] D07
          |    |--L. flavescens Ashmead in Riley et al. 1894 D07
          |    |--L. floridensis Yoshimoto 1977 D07
          |    |--L. halidayi Ashmead 1904 [incl. Stenopistha halidayi sobrina Strand 1911] D07
          |    |--L. insularis Mercet 1927 D07
          |    |--L. magnifica (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha magnifica] D07
          |    |--L. melinus Yoshimoto 1977 D07
          |    |--L. noortii Desjardins 2007 D07
          |    |--L. ornata (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha ornata] D07
          |    |--L. paraguayensis Girault 1912 D07
          |    |--L. picta Walker 1862 [=Laelaps (l. c.) picta] D07
          |    |--L. pulchella (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha pulchella] D07
          |    |--L. pulchra Girault 1912 D07
          |    |--L. pulchricornis Walker 1843 D07
          |    |--L. pygata (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha pygata; incl. S. pygata conjuncta Strand 1911] D07
          |    |--L. rectivitta (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha rectivitta] D07
          |    |--L. rhomboidea (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha rhomboidea] D07
          |    |--L. sadales (Walker 1839) [=Merostenus sadales] D07
          |    |--L. setifrons (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha setifrons] D07
          |    |--L. simplex (Fabricius 1804) [=Chalcis simplex] D07
          |    |--L. striaticeps (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha striaticeps] D07
          |    |--L. striatus Yoshimoto 1977 D07
          |    |--L. stylata Ashmead 1904 D07
          |    |--L. tapajoana (Schulz 1906) [=Dilaelaps tapajoana, L. ferruginea Ashmead 1904 non Cameron 1884] D07
          |    |--L. terebrans (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha terebrans] D07
          |    |--L. viridiceps (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha viridiceps] D07
          |    `--L. vittipennis (Strand 1911) [=Stenopistha vittipennis] D07
          `--+--Dozodipara Desjardins 2007 D07
             |    `--*D. insularis Desjardins 2007 D07
             `--+--Boeria Hedqvist 1969 D07
                |    `--*B. saetosa Hedqvist 1969 D07
                `--+--Cerodipara Desjardins 2007 D07
                   |    `--*C. sabensis Desjardins 2007 D07
                   `--+--+--Conodipara Hedqvist 1972 [=Turneria Hedqvist 1969 non Forel 1895] D07
                      |  |    `--*C. scutellata (Hedqvist 1969) [=*Turneria scutellata] D07
                      |  `--+--Conophorisca Hedqvist 1969 D07
                      |     |    |--*C. annulata Hedqvist 1969 D07
                      |     |    |--C. grisselli Desjardins 2007 D07
                      |     |    `--C. littoriticus Desjardins 2007 D07
                      |     `--Myrmicolelaps Hedqvist 1969 [incl. Dolichodipara Hedqvist 1969] D07
                      |          |--+--*M. paradoxus Hedqvist 1969 D07
                      |          |  `--M. aurantius Desjardins 2007 D07
                      |          `--+--M. iridius Desjardins 2007 D07
                      |             `--M. scutellata (Hedqvist 1969) [=*Dolichodipara scutellata] D07
                      `--+--Pyramidophoriella Hedqvist 1969 D07
                         |    |--*P. albiclava Hedqvist 1969 D07
                         |    `--P. brunnea Hedqvist 1969 D07
                         `--+--Nosodipara Bouček 1988 D07
                            |    |--*N. monteithorum Bouček 1988 D07
                            |    `--N. ferrana Desjardins 2007 D07
                            `--Pseudoceraphron Dodd 1924 [incl. Dipareta Bouček 1988, Malinka Bouček 1988] D07
                                 |--P. regieri Desjardins 2007 D07
                                 `--+--P. albifrons (Bouček 1988) [=*Dipareta albifrons] D07
                                    `--+--+--*P. pulex Dodd 1924 D07
                                       |  `--P. burwelli Desjardins 2007 D07
                                       `--+--P. fijiensis Desjardins 2007 D07
                                          `--P. nana (Bouček 1988) [=*Malinka nana] D07

Lelaps Walker 1843 [=Laelaps (l. c.), Dilaelaps Schulz 1906; incl. Spalangiolaelaps Girault 1916, Stenopistha Strand 1910] D07

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[D07] Desjardins, C. A. 2007. Phylogenetics and classification of the world genera of Diparinae (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Zootaxa 1647: 1-88.

2 comments:

  1. Photos of a female: http://naturewatch.org.nz/observations/360064

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks, Stephen. It actually surprises me how little there is available online for some chalcidoid groups, considering what interesting-looking animals they can be.

    ReplyDelete

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