Scarlet-cheeked fig parrot Psittaculirostris edwardsii, copyright birdphotos.com.

Belongs within: Psittaculidae.
Contains: Domicella, Opopsitta, Charmosyna, Psitteuteles, Chalcopsitta, Eos, Trichoglossus.

The Loriinae is an clade of smaller parrots widespread in Australasia united primarily by molecular phylogenetic analyses, as well as features of the hyoid morphology. Members include the fig parrots of the tribe Cyclopsittini, small short-tailed parrots found in rainforest canopy in New Guinea and north-eastern Australia. Fig parrots share a distinctive morphology of the hypotarsus, with the canals for the deep flexor tendons fused, and the superficial tendons situated in a nearly closed, deep sulcus.

Loriinae [Loriana, Lorianae, Loricoloriinae, Loriinae, Trichoglossidae] JoTo12
    |  i. s.: Domicella RN72
    |         Opopsitta JoTo12
    |--Melopsittacus Gould 1840 JeTh12, JoTo12 [Melopsittacinae, Melopsittacini]
    |    `--M. undulatus (Shaw in Shaw & Nodder 1805) CC10 (see below for synonymy)
    `--+--Cyclopsittini [Cyclopsittacidae, Cyclopsittacini, Psittaculirostrini] JoTo12
       |    |--Cyclopsitta Reichenbach 1850 [=Cyclopsittacus Salvadori 1891] JoTo12
       |    |    |--C. diophthalma BKB15
       |    |    |    |--C. d. diophthalma M03
       |    |    |    |--C. d. coxeni M03
       |    |    |    |--C. d. macleayana M03
       |    |    |    `--C. d. marshalli M03
       |    |    `--C. gulielmitertii JeTh12
       |    `--Psittaculirostris Gray & Gray 1859 JeTh12, B94
       |         |--P. desmarestii BKB15
       |         |    |--P. d. desmarestii RN72
       |         |    |--P. d. blythi RN72
       |         |    |--P. d. cervicalis RN72
       |         |    |--P. d. godmani RN72
       |         |    `--P. d. occidentalis RN72
       |         |--P. edwardsii BKB15 [=P. salvadorii edwardeii RN72]
       |         `--P. salvadorii JeTh12
       `--Loriini JoTo12
            |--Charmosyna BKB15
            `--+--Oreopsittacus arfaki BKB15
               |    |--O. a. arfaki RN72
               |    |--O. a. grandis RN72
               |    |--O. a. intermedius RN72
               |    `--O. a. major RN72
               `--+--Neopsittacus pullicauda BKB15
                  |    |--N. p. pullicauda RN72
                  |    |--N. p. alpinus RN72
                  |    `--N. p. socialis RN72
                  `--+--Neopsittacus musschenbroekii BKB15
                     |    |--N. m. musschenbroekii RN72
                     |    `--N. m. major RN72
                     `--+--Lorius Vigors 1825 BKB15, JoTo12
                        |    |  i. s.: L. amabilis KK05
                        |    |         L. chlorocercus JeTh12
                        |    |         L. domicella JeTh12
                        |    |         L. hypoinochrous JeTh12
                        |    |--+--L. garrulus BKB15
                        |    |  `--L. lory BKB15
                        |    `--+--L. albidinucha BKB15
                        |       `--Glossopsitta BKB15
                        |            |--G. porphyrocephala (Dietrichsen 1837) [=Trichoglossus porphyrocephalus] WS48
                        |            |    |--G. p. porphyrocephala WS48
                        |            |    `--G. p. whitlocki Mathews 1912 WS48
                        |            `--G. pusilla JeTh12
                        `--+--Psitteuteles BKB15
                           |--‘Charmosyna’ pulchella BKB15
                           |    |--C. p. pulchella RN72
                           |    |--C. p. bella RN72
                           |    `--C. p. rothschildi RN72
                           `--+--Chalcopsitta BKB15
                              `--+--Pseudeos fuscata BKB15
                                 |    |--P. f. fuscata RN72
                                 |    `--P. f. incondita RN72
                                 `--+--Eos BKB15
                                    `--+--‘Glossopsitta’ concinna BKB15
                                       `--Trichoglossus BKB15

Melopsittacus undulatus (Shaw in Shaw & Nodder 1805) CC10 [=Psittacus undulatus CC10; incl. M. undulatus pallidiceps Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[JeTh12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JoTo12] Joseph, L., A. Toon, E. E. Schirtzinger, T. F. Wright & R. Schodde. 2012. A revised nomenclature and classification for family-group taxa of parrots (Psittaciformes). Zootaxa 3205: 26–40.

[KK05] Kloet, R. S. de, & S. R. de Kloet. 2005. The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 706–721.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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