Helichrysum bellidioides, copyright Ghislain118.

Belongs within: Gnaphalieae.

Helichrysum is a genus of everlastings widespread throughout the Old World (Black & Robertson 1965). Members of the section Xerochlaena are prostrate creepers with herbaceous or very softly woody stems (Allan 1961).

Characters (from Black & Robertson 1965): Involucre from hemispherical to cylindrical, of many unequal bracts in several rows, bracts usually rigid and sometimes with spreading small or conspicuous coloured laminae; flowers either all bisexual, or majority bisexual with comparatively few female ones in usually one outer row; flowers usually shorter than or not longer than involucre; rarely heads clustered without any general involucre. Pappus-bristles simple or barbellate or sometimes plumose towards summit but not plumose from base, usually united in a short ring.

<==Helichrysum Linnaeus 1753 A61
    `--H. sect. Xerochlaena A61
         |--H. bellidioides (Forster) Willd. 1800 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |    |--H. b. var. bellidioides A61
         |    |--H. b. var. gracile Allan 1961 A61
         |    `--H. b. var. prostratum (Hooker) Kirk 1899 (see below for synonymy) A61
         |--H. filicaule Hooker 1853 A61 [=Gnaphalium filicaule Hooker 1864 A61; incl. G. parviflorum Col. 1884 C06]
         `--H. × purdiei Petrie 1890 C06, A61 [H. bellidioides × H. glomeratum A61]

Helichrysum incertae sedis:
  *H. orientale A61
  H. adenophorum BR65
  H. adnatum [=Ozothamnus adnatus Candolle 1837] BR65
  H. ambiguum Turczaninow 1851 [=Leptorhynchos ambiguus; incl. H. semicalvum von Mueller 1861] BR65
    |--H. a. var. ambiguum BR65
    `--H. a. var. paucisetum BR65
  H. amboense CV06
  H. angustifolium B28
  H. anthemoides M99
  H. apiculatum BR65
    |--H. a. var. apiculatum BR65
    |--H. a. var. occidentale BR65
    `--H. a. var. racemosum BR65
  H. arenarium BR65
  H. ayersii BR65
  H. basedowii [incl. Leptorhynchos tetrachaetus var. penicillatus] BR65
  H. baxteri BR65
  H. bilobum Wakefield 1951 [incl. Ozothamnus retusus Sonder & von Mueller 1852 non H. retusum] BR65
    |--H. b. var. bilobum BR65
    `--H. b. var. scabrum (von Mueller) Robertson in Black & Robertson 1965 (see below for synonymy) BR65
  H. blandowskianum BR65
  H. bracteatum (Ventenat) Andrews 1805 BR65 (see below for synonymy)
  H. cassinianum [=Schoenia cassiniana] BR65
  H. catadromum Wakefield 1951 (see below for synonymy) BR65
  H. cinereum [=Ozothamnus cinereus] BR65
  H. corymbiflorumm M99
  H. cymosum C06
  H. deserticola CV06
  H. dockeri BR65
  H. erubescens CV06
  H. ferrugineum [=Ozothamnus ferrugineus] BR65
  H. floribundum M99
  H. foetidum C55
  H. × fowerakeri Cockayne 1916 [Ewartia sinclairii × H. bellidioides] A61
  H. frigidum C55
  H. gatesii BR65
  H. grandiflorum A27
  H. lentii PB27
  H. leucopsidium BR65
  H. luteoalbum LK14
  H. marlothianum CV06
  H. mellorianum BR65
  H. microglossum M99
  H. moschatum M99
  H. obtusifolium von Mueller & Sonder 1852 (see below for synonymy) BR65
  H. podolepideum BR65
  H. ramosissimum M99
  H. robustum PB27
  H. roseum (Lindley) Druce 1917 (see below for synonymy) BR65
    |--H. r. var. roseum BR65
    `--H. r. var. davenportii BR65
  H. rupestre R-CT01
  H. rupicola B00
  H. rutidolepis BR65
  H. scorpioides BR65
  H. semifertile BR65
  H. semipapposum BR65
  H. stoechas (Linnaeus) Moench 1794 PL04
    |--H. s. ssp. stoechas PL04
    `--H. s. ssp. barrelieri (Tenore) Nyman 1879 PL04
  H. strictum M99
  H. stuhlmannii PB27
  H. tephrodes Sweet 1827 BR65
  H. tepperi BR65

Helichrysum bellidioides (Forster) Willd. 1800 [=Xeranthemum bellidioides Forster 1786, Gnaphalium bellidioides Hooker 1853; incl. H. bellidioides var. erectum Kirk 1899] A61

Helichrysum bellidioides var. prostratum (Hooker) Kirk 1899 [=H. prostratum Hooker 1844, Gnaphalium prostratum Hooker 1853] A61

Helichrysum bilobum var. scabrum (von Mueller) Robertson in Black & Robertson 1965 [=Ozothamnus scaber von Mueller 1852, H. adnatum var. scabrum, H. decurrens var. scabrum] BR65

Helichrysum bracteatum (Ventenat) Andrews 1805 BR65 [=Xeranthemum bracteatum Ventenat 1804 BR65, Bracteantha bracteata B00; incl. Elichrysum lucidum Henckel 1806 BR65]

Helichrysum catadromum Wakefield 1951 [incl. Ozothamnus decurrens von Mueller 1857, H. decurrens von Mueller 1873 non Moench 1794] BR65

Helichrysum obtusifolium von Mueller & Sonder 1852 [incl. Ozothamnus tephrodes Turczaninow 1851 non H. tephrodes Sweet 1827] BR65

Helichrysum roseum (Lindley) Druce 1917 [=Lawrencella rosea Lindley 1839; incl. H. lawrencella von Mueller 1866] BR65

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A27] Allan, H. H. 1927. The vegetation of Mount Peel, Canterbury, New Zealand. Part 2.—The grassland and other herbaceous communities. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 73–89.

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[B28] Betrem, J. G. 1928. Monographie der Indo-Australischen Scoliiden mit zoogeographischen Betrachtungen. H. Veenman & Zonen: Wageningen.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M99] Matthews, M. 1999. Heliothine Moths of Australia: A guide to bollworms and related noctuid groups. CSIRO Publishing.

[PB27] Pilsbry, H. A., & J. Bequaert. 1927. The aquatic mollusks of the Belgian Congo, with a geographical and ecological account of Congo malacology. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 53 (2): 69–602, pls 10–77.

[PL04] Pohl, G., & I. Lenski. 2004. Zur Verbreitung und Vergesellschaftung von Pennisetum orientale Rich. in Nordeuböa (Griechenland) (Poaceae, Paniceae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 83 (2): 209–223.

[R-CT01] Ragusa-di Chiara, S., & H. Tsolakis. 2001. Phytoseiid faunas of natural and agricultural ecosystems in Sicily. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 522–529. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

Last updated: 25 March 2020.

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