Tabanini

Band-eyed brown horsefly Tabanus bromius, copyright Entomart.


Belongs within: Tabanidae.

The Tabanini is a cosmopolitan group of horse flies, most diverse in the Northern Hemisphere.

Characters (from Pechuman & Teskey 1981): Scape barely longer than wide. Basicosta with macrotrichia similar in appearance and density to those on C. Hind tibia without apical spurs. Male gonostylus truncate. Ends of spermathecal ducts in female with mushroom-like expansions.

<==Tabanini PT81
    |--Styporhamphis M54
    |--Atylotus incisuralis PT81
    |--Abatylotus M54
    |--Phyrta M54
    |--Dasyrhamphis M54
    |--Efflatounanus M54
    |--Agkistrocerus megerlei PT81
    |--Hamatabanus carolinensis PT81
    |--Whitneyomyia beatifica PT81
    |--Lophotabanus M54
    |--Taeniotabanus M54
    |--Euancala M54
    |--Ancala M54
    |--Poeciloderas quadripunctatus B09
    |--Therioplectes M54
    |    |--T. tarandinus K01
    |    `--T. tropicus K01
    |--Hybomitra PT81
    |    |--H. epistates PT81
    |    |--H. lasiophthalma M90
    |    `--H. rhombica M54
    `--Tabanus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. albipes L02
         |--T. americanus M90
         |--T. antarcticus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. atratus WT11
         |--T. bovinus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. bromius Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. caecutiens Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. calens Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. ceylonicus M70b
         |--T. exaestuans Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. fervens Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. (Glaucops) fratellus PT81
         |--T. fuscicostatus A71
         |--T. lineola PT81
         |--T. marginalis T90
         |--T. mexicanus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. micans A71
         |--T. occidentalis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. particaecus M70a
         |--T. pluvialis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. reinwardtii T90
         |--T. similis PT81
         |--T. striatus A71
         |--T. subsimilis PT81
         |--T. sudeticus K01
         |--T. sulcifrons M90
         |--T. tarandinus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--T. texanus BM76
         `--T. tropicus Linnaeus 1758 L58

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B09] Burger, J. F. 2009. Tabanidae (horse flies, deer flies, tabanos). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 495–507. Ottawa, NRC Research Press.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M54] Mackerras, I. M. 1954. The classification and distribution of Tabanidae (Diptera). I. General review. Australian Journal of Zoology 2 (3): 431–454.

[M70a] Mackerras, I. M. 1970a. Skeletal anatomy. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 3–28. Melbourne University Press.

[M70b] Mackerras, I. M. 1970b. Composition and distribution of the fauna. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 187–203. Melbourne University Press.

[M90] McAlpine, J. F. 1990. Insecta: Diptera adults. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1211–1252. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[PT81] Pechuman, L. L., & H. J. Teskey. 1981. Tabanidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 463–478. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[T90] Teskey, H. J. 1990. Insecta: Diptera larvae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1253–1276. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS