Asilinae

Asilus crabroniformis, copyright António A. Gonçalves.


Belongs within: Asilidae.

The Asilinae are a group of robber flies with a long, bare stylus on the antenna (Wood 1981).

Characters (from Wood 1981, as Asilini): Apex of antenna with long slender bristle-like stylus; antennal stylus bare. Palpus one-segmented. Postmetacoxal area membranous. Wing with R2+3 joining R1 proximal to end of R1, with cell r thus separated from wing margin; crossvein m-cu absent, and veins M3 and CuA1 joined together.

<==Asilinae [Asilini] BT04
    |--Asilopsis W81
    |--Senoprosopis W81
    |--Promachella pilosa W81
    |--Promachina trapezoidalis W81
    |--Mallophorina frustra W81
    |--Proctacanthella cacopiloga W81
    |--Rhadiurgus variabilis W81
    |--Polacantha (Echinitropis) xanthocera W81, F09
    |--Antipalus varipes F09
    |--Anarmostus iopterus F09
    |--Prolatiforceps anonyma F09
    |--Talamancasilus clavatus F09
    |--Threnia F09
    |--Pamponerus germanicus J61
    |--Acanthopleura brunnipes J61
    |--Colepia CM91
    |--Zosteria CM91
    |--Blepharotes CM91
    |--Neoaratus hercules CM70
    |--Cerdistus [incl. Neomochtherus] W81
    |    |--C. elegans J61
    |    `--‘Neomochtherus’ ochriventris J61
    |--Philonicus BT04
    |    |--P. albiceps F09
    |    `--P. arizonensis BT04
    |--Wyliea W81
    |    |--W. chrysauges F09
    |    `--W. mydas W81
    |--Neoitamus W81
    |    |--N. cyanurus V09
    |    `--N. orphne W81
    |--Dysmachus J61
    |    |--D. dasynotus J61
    |    `--D. forcipula K01
    |--Machimus BT04 [incl. Tolmerus W81]
    |    |--M. achterbergi Tomasovic 2004 F05
    |    |--M. gertschi F09
    |    |--M. paropus [=Asilus (Machimus) paropus] W81
    |    |--M. perplexus J61
    |    |--M. rusticus K01
    |    `--M. soikai Janssens 1961 J61
    `--Asilus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. ater Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. aureus L02
         |--A. auriannulatus W81
         |--A. barbarus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. bipartitus Macquart 1849 E12
         |--A. blantoni W81
         |--A. crabroniformis Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. flavopilosus Macquart 1849 E12
         |--A. forcipatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. germanicus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. gibbosus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. gilvus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. hirtipes Macquart 1849 E12
         |--A. marginatus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. maurus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. morio Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. oelandicus Linnaeus 1758 L58
         |--A. periscelis Macquart 1849 E12
         |--A. teutonus L02
         `--A. tipuloides Linnaeus 1758 L58

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[CM70] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1970. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 656–740. Melbourne University Press.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. Ottawa, NRC Research Press.

[J61] Janssens, E. 1961. Sur quelques asilides mediterranees. Boll. Mus. Civ. Venezia 14: 29–36.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

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