Paralaoma caputspinulae, from here.

Belongs within: Stylommatophora.

The Punctidae are a cosmopolitan (except South America) family of minute to small snails, most diverse in cool, moist upland habitats (Stanisic et al. 2010).

<==Punctidae [Polyplacognatha, Punctinae] BR05
    |--Patulastra Pfeiffer 1879 [Patulastridae] BR05
    |--Afropunctum seminium (Morelet 1873) FGN07
    |--Punctum Morse 1864 BR05
    |    |--P. minutissimum G59
    |    `--P. pygmaeum (Draparnaud 1805) CC06
    |--Hydrophrea Climo 1974 BV86
    |    `--H. academica (Climo 1970) BV86
    |--Laoma Gray 1850 [Laomidae, Laominae] BR05
    |    `--L. subantarctica (Suter 1909) [=Phenacohelix subantarctica] G01
    `--Paralaoma Iredale 1913 [Paralaomidae] BR05
         |--P. caputspinulae (Reeve 1852) S88
         `--P. retinodes (Tate 1894) [=Charopa retinodes, Flammulina retinodes] S88

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BV86] Bole, J., & F. Velkovrh. 1986. Mollusca from continental subterranean aquatic habitats. In Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) (L. Botosaneanu, ed.) pp. 177-208. E. J. Brill / Dr. W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[CC06] Cameron, R. A. D., L. M. Cook, G. A. Goodfriend & M. B. Seddon. 2006. Fossil land snails of Porto Santo, Madeiran archipelago: change and stasis in Pleistocene to Recent times. Malacologia 49 (1): 25-59.

[FGN07] Fontaine, B., O. Gargominy & E. Neubert. 2007. Land snail diversity of the savanna/forest mosaic in Lopé National Park, Gabon. Malacologia 49 (2): 313-338.

[G01] Goulstone, J. F. 2001. A revision of the genus Phenacohelix Suter, 1892 (Mollusca: Pulmonata) with descriptions of four new species and reassignment of Thalassohelix ziczag (Gould, 1846). Records of the Auckland Museum 38: 39-82.

[G59] Grimm, W. 1959. Land snails of Carroll County, Maryland. Nautilus 72 (4): 122-127.

[S88] Solem, A. 1988. Non-camaenid land snails of the Kimberley and Northern Territory, Australia. I. Systematics, affinities and ranges. Invertebrate Taxonomy 4: 455-604.

Stanisic, J., M. Shea, D. Potter & O. Griffiths. 2010. Australian Land Snails vol. 1. A field guide to eastern Australian species. Bioculture Press: Mauritius.

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