Rhyacophila sp., copyright Hectonichus.

Belongs within: Trichoptera.
Contains: Hydrobiosinae.

The Rhyacophiloidea are a group of caddisflies in which the larvae are mostly carnivorous and use bottom crevices as retreats, only producing silk immediately before pupation. The larval antenna bears two basiconic sensillae with a single trichoid sensilla between them (Ivanov & Sukatsheva 2002).

    |--Hydrobiosidae GE05
    |    |  i. s.: Palaeohydrobiosis siberambra RJ93
    |    |--Hydrobiosinae N83
    |    `--Apsilochoreminae N83
    |         |--Bachorema Mosely 1953 N83
    |         |--Allochorema Mosely 1953 N83
    |         |    |--*A. tasmanicum Mosely 1953 [=A. tasmanica] N83
    |         |    `--A. reclivatum Neboiss 1962 N83
    |         `--Apsilochorema Ulmer 1907 N83
    |              |--*A. indicum (Ulmer 1905) [=Psilochorema indicum] N83
    |              |--A. gisbum (Mosely 1953) [=Bachorema gisba, A. gisba] N83
    |              |--A. obliquum (Mosely 1953) [=Bachorema obliqua, A. obliqua] N83
    |              `--A. urdalum Neboiss 1962 N83
    `--Rhyacophilidae GE05
         |--Cailloma RD77
         `--Rhyacophila Pictet 1834 [Rhyacophilinae] BZ-M04
              |--R. aquitanica BZ-M04
              |--R. atrata R38
              |--R. denticulata [=R. fasciata denticulata] BZ-M04
              |--R. dorsalis (Curtis 1834) BZ-M04
              |--R. evoluta McLachlan 1879 BZ-M04
              |--R. fasciata Hagen 1859 BZ-M04
              |--R. fuscula RD77
              |--R. gemona Ross 1938 R38
              |--R. intermedia McLachlan 1868 BZ-M04
              |--R. kaltatica IS02
              |--R. laevis Pictet 1834 BZ-M04
              |--R. meridionalis Pictet 1865 BZ-M04
              |--R. mocsaryi Klapálek 1898 BZ-M04
              |    |--R. m. mocsaryi BZ-M04
              |    `--R. m. tredosensis BZ-M04
              |--R. munda McLachlan 1862 BZ-M04
              |--R. nevada Schmid 1952 BZ-M04
              |--R. norcuta Ross 1938 R38
              |--R. occidentalis McLachlan 1879 BZ-M04
              |--R. pascoei McLachlan 1879 BZ-M04
              |--R. pellisa Ross 1938 R38
              |--R. relicta McLachlan 1879 BZ-M04
              |--R. rotunda R38
              |--R. septentrionalis A99
              |--R. tristis Pictet 1834 BZ-M04
              `--R. valuma R38

Nomen nudum: Rhyacophila fonticola BZ-M04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (transl. 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[BZ-M04] Bonada, N., C. Zamora-Muñoz, M. Rieradevall & N. Prat. 2004. Trichoptera (Insecta) collected in Mediterranean river basins of the Iberian Peninsula: taxonomic remarks and notes on ecology. Graellsia 60 (1): 41–69.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[IS02] Ivanov, V. D., & I. D. Sukatsheva. 2002. Order Trichoptera Kirby, 1813. The caddisflies (=Phryganeida Latreille, 1810). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 199–220. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[N83] Neboiss, A. 1983. Checklist and bibliography of the Australian caddis-flies (Trichoptera). Australian Society for Limnology Special Publication 5: 1–132.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[R38] Ross, H. H. 1938. Descriptions of new North American Trichoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 40 (5): 117–124.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS