Porismus strigatus, copyright Donald Hobern.

Belongs within: Euneuroptera.

The Osmylidae are a diverse group of lacewings distinguished by the presence of more or less distinct ocelli (New 1991).

Characters (from New 1991): Generally medium to large (fore wing length 12-30 mm or more), with wings often patterned with grey or brown and rather broad; antennae usually less than half as long as fore wing; three ocelli present, at least represented by raised tubercles on vertex; female genitalia with enlarged gonocoxite 9, and 2 spermathecae. Larvae long and fusiform, with long tapering straight jaws.

    |--Spilosmylomorpha EWB18
    |    |--Gumilla A69 [Gumillinae EWB18]
    |    |--Spilosmylinae RY03
    |    |    |--Spilosmylus flavicornis RD77
    |    |    `--Conchylosmylus triseriatus R70b
    |    `--Protosmylinae EWB18
    |         |--Paryphosmylus ornatus A69
    |         `--Protosmylus P92
    `--Osmylomorpha EWB18
         |  i. s.: Eidoporismus N91 [Eidoporisminae EWB18]
         |           `--E. pulchellus N91
         |--Osmylinae RY03
         |    |--Plethosmylus A69
         |    `--Osmylus Latreille 1802 WHW10, L02
         |         |--*O. maculatus [=Hemerobius maculatus] L02
         |         |--O. chrysops A99
         |         |--O. fulvicephalus GE05
         |         `--O. strigosus G27
         `--Kempyninae EWB18
              |  i. s.: Clydosmylus N91
              |--Australysmus lacustris WHW10
              `--+--Kempynus WHW10
                 |    |--K. falcatus A69
                 |    `--K. kimminsi WHW10
                 `--+--Porismus [Porisminae] WHW10
                    |    `--P. strigatus N91
                    `--Stenosmylinae EWB18
                         |--Euporismus albatrox N91
                         |--Oedosmylus brevis WHW10
                         |--Stenosmylus N91
                         |--Carinosmylus N91
                         |--Stenolysmus N91
                         |--Isostenosmylus A69
                         `--Phymatosmylus Adams 1969 A69
                              `--*P. caprorum Adams 1969 A69

Osmylidae incertae sedis:
  Mesosmylus atalantus P02
  Kazakhstania fasciata P02
  Epiosmylus Panfilov 1980 RY02
    |--E. longicornis RY02
    `--E. panfilovi Ren & Yin 2002 RY02
  Euporismites R70a
  Sogjuta speciosa RJ93
  Kalosmylinae R70b
  Archeosmylus RJ93 [Archeosmylidae, Archeosmylinae EWB18]
    `--A. complexus Whalley 1988 RJ93

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A69] Adams, P. A. 1969. A new genus and species of Osmylidae (Neuroptera), from Chile and Argentina, with a discussion of planipennian genitalic homologies. Postilla 141: 1–11.

[A99] Ax, P. 1999. Das System der Metazoa II. Ein Lehrbuch der phylogenetischen Systematik. Gustav Fisher Verlag: Stuttgart (translated: 2000. Multicellular Animals: The phylogenetic system of the Metazoa vol. 2. Springer).

[EWB18] Engel, M. S., S. L. Winterton & L. C. V. Breitkreuz. 2018. Phylogeny and evolution of Neuropterida: where have wings of lace taken us? Annual Review of Entomology 63: 531–551.

[G27] Girault, A. A. 1927. Thysanoptera nova Australiensis. II. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 214–215).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[N91] New, T. R. 1991. Neuroptera (lacewings). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 525–542. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[P02] Ponomarenko, A. G. 2002. Superorder Myrmeleontidea Latreille, 1802 (=Neuropteroidea Handlirsch, 1903). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 176–189. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[RY02] Ren D. & Yin J.-C. 2002. [A new Middle Jurassic species of Epiosmylus from Inner Mongolia, China (Neuroptera: Osmylidae)]. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 27 (2): 274–277.

[RY03] Ren, D., & J. Yin. 2003. New ‘osmylid-like’ fossil Neuroptera from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 111 (1): 1–11.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms' General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R70a] Riek, E. F. 1970a. Fossil history. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 168–186. Melbourne University Press.

[R70b] Riek, E. F. 1970b. Neuroptera (lacewings). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 472–494. Melbourne University Press.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[WHW10] Winterton, S. L., N. B. Hardy & B. M. Wiegmann. 2010. On wings of lace: phylogeny and Bayesian divergence time estimates of Neuropterida (Insecta) based on morphological and molecular data. Systematic Entomology 35: 349–378.

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