Staphylococcus

False-colour electron micrograph of Staphylococcus aureus, from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


Belongs within: Bacilli.

Staphylococcus is a genus of coccoid, facultatively anaerobic bacteria found in a variety of habitats including the skin and other membranes of animals, and in soils. They are characterised by the production of catalase, and of grape-like clusters when in culture.

<==Staphylococcus
    |  i. s.: S. condimenti KC03
    |         S. fleurettii KC03
    |         S. nepalensis Spergser, Wieser et al. 2003 SW03
    |--+--S. sciuri KC03
    |  `--+--S. lentus KC03
    |     `--+--S. pulvereri KC03
    |        `--S. vitulinus KC03
    `--+--+--S. felis KC03
       |  `--+--+--S. lutrae KC03
       |     |  `--+--S. delphini KC03
       |     |     `--S. intermedius KC03
       |     `--+--+--S. chromogenes KC03
       |        |  `--S. hyicus KC03
       |        `--S. schleiferi KC03
       |             |--S. s. ssp. schleiferi KC03
       |             `--S. s. ssp. coagulans KC03
       `--+--S. auricularis KC03
          `--+--+--S. gallinarum KC03
             |  `--+--+--S. arlettae KC03
             |     |  `--S. cohnii KC03
             |     |       |--S. c. ssp. cohnii SW03
             |     |       `--S. c. ssp. urealyticus SW03
             |     `--+--S. saprophyticus KC03
             |        |    |--S. s. ssp. saprophyticus SW03
             |        |    `--S. s. ssp. bovis SW03
             |        `--+--S. xylosus KC03
             |           `--+--S. equorum KC03
             |              `--S. succinus KC03
             |                   |--S. s. ssp. succinus IJSEM03
             |                   `--S. s. ssp. casei Place, Hiestand et al. 2003VP IJSEM03
             `--+--S. kloosii KC03
                `--+--S. aureus KC03
                   |    |--S. a. ssp. aureus KC03
                   |    `--S. a. ssp. anaerobius KC03
                   |--+--S. lugdunensis KC03
                   |  `--S. warneri KC03
                   |--+--+--S. simulans KC03
                   |  |  `--+--S. carnosus KC03
                   |  |     `--S. piscifermentans KC03
                   |  `--+--S. haemolyticus KC03
                   |     `--S. hominis KC03
                   |          |--S. h. ssp. hominis KC03
                   |          `--S. h. ssp. novobiosepticus KC03
                   `--+--+--S. caprae KC03
                      |  `--S. pasteuri KC03
                      `--+--S. capitis KC03
                         |    |--S. c. ssp. capitis KC03
                         |    `--S. c. ssp. urealyticus KC03
                         `--+--S. muscae KC03
                            `--+--S. epidermidis KC03
                               `--S. saccharolyticus KC03

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

IJSEM. 2003. Validation list no. 89. Validation of publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSEM. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1–2.

Kwok, A. Y. C., & A. W. Chow. 2003. Phylogenetic study of Staphylococcus and Macrococcus species based on partial hsp60 gene sequences. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 87–92.

Spergser, J., M. Wieser, M. T√§ubel, R. A. Rossell√≥-Mora, R. Rosengarten & H.-J. Busse. 2003. Staphylococcus nepalensis sp. nov., isolated from goats of the Himalayan region. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2007–2011.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Markup Key:
- <b>bold</b> = bold
- <i>italic</i> = italic
- <a href="http://www.fieldofscience.com/">FoS</a> = FoS