Nothridae

Nothrus silvestris, copyright R. Penttinen.


Belongs within: Desmonomata.

The Nothridae are a cosmopolitan group of oribatid mites found feeding on decaying plant matter and fungi. Members of the largest genus in the family, Nothrus, are parthenogenetic but the smaller genera Trichonothrus and Novonothrus are sexual (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Integument distinctly foveolate; rostrum with short medial incision; bothridial seta setiform, longer than seta in; bothridium basally with many saccules or short brachytracheae; epimere II with 3 or more pairs of setae; 9 pairs of genital setae, 1 posterior pair far from medial edge of plate.

<==Nothridae [Nothroidea] S04
    |--Trichonothrus Mahunka 1986 S04
    |    `--*T. austroafricanus Mahunka 1986 S04
    |--Novonothrus Hammer 1966 S04
    |    |--*N. flagellatus Hammer 1966 S04
    |    |--N. covarrubiasi Casanueva & Norton 1997 S04
    |    |--N. kethleyi Casanueva & Norton 1998 S04
    |    |--N. papuensis Hammer 1966 S04
    |    `--N. puyehue Casanueva & Norton 1997 S04
    `--Nothrus Koch 1836 [=Angelia Berlese 1885; incl. Gymnonothrus Ewing 1917, Vigilomicrozetes Tseng 1982] S04
         |--*N. palustris Koch 1839 S04 [=*Angelia palustris CH98]
         |    |--N. p. palustris [incl. N. pallens Koch 1844] S04
         |    |--N. p. azorensis Pérez-Íñigo 1987 S04
         |    `--N. p. bipilis Banks 1895 S04
         |--N. akitaensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. anauniensis Canestrini & Fanzago 1876 S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |--N. angolensis Balogh 1958 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. ashoroensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. asiaticus Aoki & Ohnishi 1974 [=N. palustris asiaticus] S04
         |--N. basilewskyi Balogh 1958 S04
         |--N. becki Balogh & Mahunka 1981 S04
         |--N. biciliatus Koch 1841 (n. d.) S04 [=Camisia biciliatus CH98]
         |--N. bicolor Koch 1844 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. bispinosus Koch 1839 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. borussicus Sellnick 1928 S04
         |    |--N. b. borussicus S04
         |    `--N. b. neonominatus Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--N. brasilensis Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1988 S04
         |--N. brevirostris (Ewing 1910) [=Notaspis brevirostris] S04
         |--N. coniferus Gordeeva & Karppinen 1984 S04
         |--N. corticalis Karpelles 1893 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. crassisetus Mahunka 1982 S04
         |--N. crinitus (Berlese 1916) (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--N. discifer Hammer 1961 S04
         |--N. espinarensis Beck 1962 S04
         |--N. ezoensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. flagellum Csiszár 1961 S04
         |--N. gracilis Hammer 1961 S04
         |--N. hatanoensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. hauseri Mahunka 1974 S04
         |--N. horridus S22
         |--N. ishikariensis Fujikawa 199 S04
         |--N. jaliscoensis Palacios-Vargas & Iglesias 1997 S04
         |--N. leleupi Balogh 1958 S04
         |--N. longipilus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia anaueniensis longipilus] S04
         |--N. lucunosus Sergienko & Melamud 1993 S04
         |--N. lugubris Canestrini 1898 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. macedi Beck 1962 S04
         |--N. madagascarensis Mahunka 2000 S04
         |--N. magnus Palacios-Vargas & Iglesias 1997 S04
         |--N. meakanensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. minimus Koch 1844 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. mirabilis Sergienko & Melamud 1993 S04
         |--N. monodactylus (Berlese 1910) (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--N. monticola Hammer 1961 S04
         |--N. mystax Mahunka 1986 S04
         |--N. oblongus Hammer 1961 S04
         |--N. obsoletus (Koch 1841) (n. d.) [=Celaeno obsoletus] S04
         |--N. oceanicus Sellnick 1959 S04
         |--N. ovivorus Packard 1868 (n. d.) [incl. Oribata aspidioti Ashmead 1879] S04
         |--N. parvus Sitnikova 1975 S04
         |--N. perezinigoi Mahunka 1980 S04
         |--N. peruensis Hammer 1961 S04
         |--N. pileiformis Karpelles 1884 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. posticus Koch 1839 (n. d.) S04
         |--N. praeoccupatus Subías 2004 (see below for synonymy) S04
         |--N. pratensis Sellnick 1928 S04
         |--N. pulchellus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia pulchella] S04
         |--N. pumilatus Golosova & Karppinen 1985 S04
         |--N. quadripilus Ewing 1909 S04
         |--N. reticulatus Sitnikova 1975 S04
         |--N. reunionensis Mahunka 1978 S04
         |--N. sadoensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. senegalensis Mahunka 1992 S04
         |--N. septatus Golosova & Karppinen 1985 S04
         |--N. seychellensis Warburton 1912 [incl. N. scotti Warburton 1912] S04
         |--N. silvestris Nicolet 1855 ME09 [=*Gymnonothrus sylvestris CH98]
         |    |--N. s. silvestris S04
         |    |--N. s. bistilus Jacot 1937 S04
         |    `--N. s. exilior Jaoct 1937 S04
         |--N. silvicus Jacot 1937 [=N. truncatus silvicus] S04
         |--N. springsmythi Sheals 1965 S04
         |--N. suramericanus Hammer 1958 S04
         |--N. taisetsuensis Fujikawa 1999 S04
         |--N. truncatus Banks 1895 S04
         |    |--N. t. truncatus S04
         |    `--N. t. robustus Jacot 1937 S04
         `--N. willmanni Mahunka 1983 S04

Nothrus anauniensis Canestrini & Fanzago 1876 S04 [=N. silvestris anauniensis B-PE07; incl. N. pseudoborussicus Mahunka 1978 S04]

Nothrus borussicus neonominatus Subías 2004 [=N. b. longipilus Mihelčič 1959 non Angelia anauniensis longipilus Berlese 1910] S04

Nothrus crinitus (Berlese 1916) non Warburton & Pearce 1905 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.) [=Angelia pulchella var. crinita] S04

Nothrus monodactylus (Berlese 1910) [=Angelia anauniensis monodactyla non Nothrus monodactylus Michael 1888 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.); incl. N. terminalis carolinae Jaoct 1937, N. terminalis Banks 1910] S04

Nothrus praeoccupatus
Subías 2004 [=Vigilomicrozetes pulchellus Tseng 1982 non Angelia pulchella Berlese 1910] S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B-PE07] Behan-Pelletier, V. M., & B. Eamer. 2007. Aquatic Oribatida: adaptations, constraints, distribution and ecology. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 71–82. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[ME09] Maraun, M., G. Erdmann, G. Schulz, R. A. Norton, S. Scheu & K. Domes. 2009. Multiple convergent evolution of arboreal life in oribatid mites indicates the primacy of ecology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B—Biological Sciences 276: 3219–3227.

Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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