Muscoidea

Lesser house fly Fannia canicularis, copyright Rui Andrade.


Belongs within: Schizophora.
Contains: Muscidae, Anthomyiidae, Oestroidea.

The Muscoidea are a group of calyptrate flies, usually recognised as including those non-pupiparous families in which the meron usually lacks distinct bristles and vein M1 is not distinctly bent forward. However, molecular studies indicate that this group may be paraphyletic to the Oestroidea in which those features are found (Kutty et al. 2010).

<==Muscoidea KP10
    |  i. s.: Mormotomyia GE05 [Mormotomyiidae CM91]
    |           `--M. hirsuta GE05
    |--+--Muscidae WT11
    |  `--+--Anthomyiidae WT11
    |     `--Oestroidea WT11
    `--Fanniidae [Fanniinae] WT11
         |--Australofannia C94
         |--Piezura Rondani 1866 F92 [incl. Platycoenosia Strobl 1894 S10, F92]
         |--Euryomma Stein 1899 F92
         |    `--E. peregrinum S10
         `--Fannia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 F92 [incl. Coelomyia Haliday 1845 S10, F92, Homalomyia S10]
              |  i. s.: *F. scalaris (Fabricius 1794) [=Musca scalaris] F92
              |         F. albitarsis CM91
              |         F. anthracina S10
              |         F. barbata (Stein 1892) F92
              |         F. benjamini S10
              |         F. bisetosa Ringdahl 1926 F92
              |         F. ciliata (Stein 1895) [=Homalomyia ciliata] F92
              |         ‘Coelomyia’ ctenophora Fan 1974 F92
              |         F. difficilis (Stein 1895) [=Homalomyia difficilis] F92
              |         F. fuscula (Fallén 1825) [=Musca fuscula] F92
              |         F. glaucescens (Zetterstedt 1845) [=Aricia glaucescens] F92
              |         F. incisurata (Zetterstedt 1838) [=Anthomyza incisurata] F92
              |         F. ipinensis Chillcott 1961 F92
              |         F. kikowensis Ôuchi 1938 F92
              |         F. kowarzi (Verrall 1892) [=Homalomyia kowarzi] F92
              |         F. leucosticta (Meigen 1826) [=Anthomyia leucosticta] F92
              |         F. minutipalpis (Stein 1895) [=Homalomyia minutipalpis] F92
              |         *Coelomyia’ mollissima Haliday 1840 F92
              |         F. nodulosa Ringdahl 1926 F92
              |         F. prisca Stein 1918 F92
              |         F. ringdahlana Collin 1939 F92
              |         ‘Homalomyia’ serena K01
              |         F. similis (Stein 1895) [=Homalomyia similis] F92
              |         F. sociella (Zetterstedt 1845) [=Aricia sociella] F92
              |         F. submonilis Ma 1981 F92
              |         F. subpellucens (Zetterstedt 1845) HV87, F92 (see below for synonymy)
              |         F. subscalaris Zimin 1945 F92
              |--F. manicata (Meigen 1826) KP10, F92 [=Anthomyia manicata F92]
              `--+--F. armata KP10
                 `--F. canicularis (Linnaeus 1761) KP10, F92 [=Musca canicularis F92]

Fannia subpellucens (Zetterstedt 1845) HV87, F92 [=Aricia subpellucens F92, Coelomyia subpellucens F92]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[C94] Colless, D. H. 1994. A new family of muscoid Diptera from Australasia, with sixteen new species in four new genera (Diptera: Axiniidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy 8: 471–534.

[CM91] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1991. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 717–786. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[HV87] Huckett, H. C., & J. R. Vockeroth. 1987. Muscidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1115–1131. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine's fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[S10] Savage, J. 2010. Fanniidae (fanniid flies, latrine flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1277–1280. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[WT11] Wiegmann, B. M., M. D. Trautwein, I. S. Winkler, N. B. Barr, J.-W. Kim, C. Lambkin, M. A. Bertone, B. K. Cassel, K. M. Bayless, A. M. Heimberg, B. M. Wheeler, K. J. Peterson, T. Pape, B. J. Sinclair, J. H. Skevington, V. Blagoderov, J. Caravas, S. N. Kutty, U. Schmidt-Ott, G. E. Kampmeier, F. C. Thompson, D. A. Grimaldi, A. T. Beckenbach, G. W. Courtney, M. Friedrich, R. Meier & D. K. Yeates. 2011. Episodic radiations in the fly tree of life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (14): 5690–5695.

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