Marsh arrowgrass Triglochin palustre, from Wikimedia.

Belongs within: Monocotyledoneae.
Contains: Araceae, Alismataceae, Hydrocharitaceae, Potamogetonales.

The Alismatanae are a clade of monocotyledonous flowering plants supported by molecular data, many of which are aquatic or semi-aquatic.

    |--Najadales HE80
    |    |--Zannichelliaceae HE80
    |    |    |--Zannichellia Linnaeus 1753 ME70
    |    |    |    |--Z. palustris Linnaeus 1753 ME70
    |    |    |    `--Z. pedunculata CS77
    |    |    `--Lepilaena Drum. ex Harv. 1855 ME70
    |    |         |--*L. australis Drum. ex Harv. 1855 ME70
    |    |         |--L. bilocularis Kirk 1896 ME70
    |    |         `--L. preissii ME70 [=Zannichellia preissii C06]
    |    `--Najas [Najadaceae] YY22
    |         |--N. flexilis B97
    |         |--N. foveolata LK14
    |         |--N. graminea LK14
    |         |--N. indica C55
    |         |--N. major C55
    |         |--N. malesiana LK14
    |         |--N. marina A02
    |         |--N. pseudograminea LK14
    |         `--N. tenuifolia LK14
    `--Alismatales [Helobieae] DS04
         |  i. s.: Maundia [Maundiaceae] APG16
         |         Posidonia S95 [Posidoniaceae APG16]
         |           |--P. australis PP64
         |           |--P. oceanica GFW98
         |           `--P. sinuosa S95
         |--Tofieldiaceae DS04
         |    |--Pleea tenuifolia DS04
         |    `--Tofieldia SR07
         |         |--T. calyculata DS04
         |         |--T. glutinosa (Michx.) Persoon 1805 CD07
         |         `--T. pusilla DS04
         `--+--Araceae SR07
            `--+--Alismataceae DS04
               `--+--Butomales HE80
                  |    |--Hydrocharitaceae HE80
                  |    |--Limnocharis P88 [Limnocharitaceae W03]
                  |    |    `--L. flava W03
                  |    `--Butomaceae DS04
                  |         |--Hydrocleys nymphoides (von Humboldt & Bonpland) Buchenau 1868 HE80
                  |         `--Butomus umbellatus SR07, DS04
                  `--+--Scheuchzeriaceae DS04
                     |    |--Tetroncium magellanicum YY22, CL85
                     |    `--Scheuchzeria palustris SR07, DS04
                     `--+--Potamogetonales DS04
                        `--Triglochin Linnaeus 1753 DS04, ME70 [Juncaginaceae, Juncaginales]
                             |--T. calcitrapum KM08
                             |--T. centrocarpum GK00
                             |--T. dubia LK14
                             |--T. huegelii GK00
                             |--T. lineare GK00
                             |--T. maritima DS04
                             |--T. minutissimum GK00
                             |--T. mucronata SM06
                             |--T. palustre Linnaeus 1753 ME70
                             |--T. striatum Ruiz & Pav. 1802 [incl. T. flaccidum Cunn. 1837] ME70
                             |    |--T. s. var. striatum C06
                             |    `--T. s. var. filifolium Buch. 1868 [incl. T. triandrum] C06
                             `--T. trichophora KM08

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A02] Able, K. W. 2002. Killifishes. Family Fundulidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 292–297. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[B97] Brown, K. M. 1997. Temporal and spatial patterns of abundance in the gastropod assemblage of a macrophyte bed. American Malacological Bulletin 14 (1): 27–33.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CL85] Cokendolpher, J. C., & D. Lanfranco L. 1985. Opiliones from the Cape Horn Archipelago: new southern records for harvestmen. Journal of Arachnology 13: 311–319.

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DS04] Davis, J. I., D. W. Stevenson, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, L. M. Campbell, J. V. Freudenstein, D. H. Goldman, C. R. Hardy, F. A. Michelangeli, M. P. Simmons, C. D. Specht, F. Vergara-Silva & M. Gandolfo. 2004. A phylogeny of the monocots, as inferred from rbcL and atpA sequence variation, and a comparison of methods for calculating jackknife and bootstrap values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467–510.

[GFW98] Gattuso, J.-P., M. Frankignoulle & R. Wollast. 1998. Carbon and carbonate metabolism in coastal aquatic ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 405–434.

[GK00] Gibson, N., & G. J. Keighery. 2000. Flora and vegetation of the Byenup-Muir reserve system, south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3 (3): 323–402.

[HE80] Healy, A. J., & E. Edgar. 1980. Flora of New Zealand vol. 3. Adventive cyperaceous, petalous and spathaceous monocotyledons. P. D. Hasselberg, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[ME70] Moore, L. B., & E. Edgar. 1970. Flora of New Zealand vol. 2. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Monocotyledones except Gramineae. A. R. Shearer, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d'Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Saarela, J. M., H. S. Rai, J. A. Doyle, P. K. Endress, S. Mathews, A. D. Marchant, B. G. Briggs & S. W. Graham. 2007. Hydatellaceae identified as a new branch near the base of the angiosperm phylogenetic tree. Nature 446: 312–315.

[S95] Scheltema, A. H. 1995. Falcidens poias, a new species of chaetoderm Aplacophora from Rottnest Island, Western Australia (Chaetodermomorpha, Chaetodermatidae). Molluscan Research 16: 45–49.

[SM06] Semeniuk, C. A., L. A. Milne, P. Ladd & V. Semeniuk. 2006. Pollen in the surface sediments of wetlands in the Becher Point area, southwestern Australia: a baseline for use in interpreting Holocene sequences. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (1): 27–43.

[W03] Waterhouse, B. M. 2003. Know your enemy: recent records of potentially serious weeds in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea and Papua (Indonesia). Telopea 10 (1): 477–485.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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