Microtrombidium

Microtrombidium pusillum, from here.


Belongs within: Microtrombidiidae.

Microtrombidium is a cosmopolitan genus of predatory mites, primarily recognised from adults with the larva of M. nitidum only described in 1994. Though numerous species have been assigned to the genus historically, the position of many requires further assessment (Southcott 1994).

Characters (from Southcott 1994): Adult/deutonymph with idiosoma with more or less uniform pelage of strongly setulose setae, unexpanded, unchambered, pointed or blunted; palpal tibia with odontus and paradont, and one or more dorsomedial ctenidia; legs I and IV longer than II and III, and not greatly longer than idiosomal length. Larva with anterior dorsal scutum with six scutalae and two sensillary setae; posterior dorsal scutum with two scutalae; both scuta porose, without striations or special markings; anterior dorsal scutum with posterolateral border emarginate, accomodating well-developed eye shields; anterior eye significantly larger than posterior; at least some of dorsal idiosomal setae posterior to posterior dorsal scutum with well-developed basal plates; two ventral intercoxalae between coxae III; coxalae 2, 1, 1, formula bN, b, N; two solenotibialae at about middle of tibia I; Tarsal claws 2, 2, 3 (deformed); tarsus III abbreviated, not truncate; hypostomala pointed, not digitate.

<==Microtrombidium Haller 1882 [=Microthrombidium Oudemans 1912; incl. Enemothrombium André 1924] S94
    |--M. pusillum (Hermann 1804) S94 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. p. pusillum SB63
    |    `--M. p. botschi Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. affine Hirst 1928 S94
    |--M. aquarium Schweizer 1951 SB63
    |--M. arborealis Boshell & Kerr 1942 M46
    |--M. barringunense Hirst 1928 H98
    |--M. basiliense Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. berlesei Schweizer 1922 S22
    |--M. bifoliosum (Canestrini 1884) S22, SB63 (see below for synonymy)
    |--‘Trombidium’ bipectinatum [=Enemothrombium bipectinatum] O28
    |--M. bispinum Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. confusum Berlese 1910 [=Enemothrombium confusum] SB63
    |--M. cooki DPD16
    |--M. danbyi WL09
    |--M. densipapillum Berlese 1910 [=M. (Enemothrombium) densipapillum] SB63
    |--M. distinctum (Canestrini 1897) [=Ottonia distincta, Camerothrombium distinctum, Enemothrombium distinctum] S76
    |--M. duartei M46
    |--‘Enemothrombium’ folliculum Schweizer 1951 SB63
    |--M. furcipilis (Canestrini 1898) [=Ottonia furcipilis, Microthrombidium furcipilis, Microtrombidium furcipile] H98
    |--‘Enemothrombium’ gambiense Womersley 1942 H98
    |--M. geographicum S22
    |--M. goodenoughense S94
    |--M. hirsutum Womersley 1945 S61
    |--M. jabanicum Berlese 1910 [=M. pusillum var. jabanicum] S76
    |--M. karriense Womersley 1934 [=M. karriensis, Elahistothrombium karriense] H98
    |--‘Enemothrombium’ langhofferi S51
    |--M. littorale M46
    |--M. maculatum Womersley 1942 H98
    |--M. medium Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. myloriense Womersley 1937 H98
    |--M. newmani Womersley 1934 H98
    |--M. nitidum Southcott 1994 S94
    |--M. parvum Oudemans 1913 SB63
    |--M. quadrispinum Berlese 1910 SB63
    |--M. raeticum Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. soperi M46
    |--M. stimulans M46
    |--M. subferociforme Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. subrasum (Berlese 1910) [=M. (Enemothrombium) subrasum] SB63
    |--M. tasmanicum Womersley 1937 H98
    |--M. tenuipalpe Schweizer & Bader 1963 SB63
    |--M. triangulum Howard 1919 S94
    |--M. tredecimmaculatum M46
    |--M. welleslyi WL09
    `--M. wellingtonense Womersley 1945 S94

Microtrombidium bifoliosum (Canestrini 1884) S22, SB63 [=Trombidium bifoliosum SB63, *Enemothrombium bifoliosum SB63; incl. Trombidium sanguineum S51]

Microtrombidium pusillum (Hermann 1804) S94 [=Trombidium pusillum S94, Ottonia pusilla TU33; incl. M. pusillum var. balzani S22, M. pusillum var. columbianum S22, M. pusillum var. minor Schweizer 1922 S94, T. purpureum Haller 1882 non Trombidium purpureum Koch 1837 SB63, *M. purpureum S94]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DPD16] Dabert, M., H. Proctor & J. Dabert. 2016. Higher-level molecular phylogeny of the water mites (Acariformes: Prostigmata: Parasitengonina: Hydrachnidiae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101: 75–90.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M46] Michener, C. D. 1946. The taxonomy and bionomics of some Panamanian trombidiid mites. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 39: 349–380.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S51] Schweizer, J. 1951. Die Landmilben des schweizerischen Nationalparkes. 2. Teil: Trombidiformes. Ergebnisse der wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung des schweizerischen Nationalparks [Résultats des recherches scientifiques entreprises au Parc National Suisse] 3 (Neue Folge): 51–172.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S76] Shiba, M. 1976. Taxonomic investigation on free-living Prostigmata from the Malay Peninsula. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia 7: 83–229.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

[S94] Southcott, R. V. 1994. Revision of the larvae of the Microtrombidiinae (Acarina, Microtrombidiidae), with notes on life histories. Zoologica 48 (2): 1–155.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

Last updated: 24 April 2018.

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