Trombidiae

Eothrombium lasseni, from Walter et al. (2009).


Belongs within: Prostigmata.
Contains: Trombellidae, Johnstonianidae, Neothrombiidae, Chyzeriidae, Trombidiidae, Microtrombidiidae, Trombiculidae.

The Trombidiae are a group of terrestrial mites of the Parasitengonina in which the predatory adults have chelicerae with a movable digit that is usually bladelike and not retractable, and the parasitic larvae have a prodorsal plate (scutum), and urstigmata present between the contiguous coxal plates I–II (Walter et al. 2009).

Trombidiae [Trombidiina] LKW09
    |  i. s.: Amphotrombium WL09 [Amphotrombiidae, Amphotrombioidea ZF11]
    |           `--A. jenseni WL09
    |         Yurebilla Southcott 1996 H98 [Yurebillidae, Yurebilloidea ZF11]
    |           `--Y. gracilis Southcott 1996 H98
    |--Tanaupodidae [Tanaupodoidea] W91
    |    |--Lassenia Newell 1957 [Lasseniinae] W91
    |    |--Polydiscia Methlagl 1928 [Polydisciinae] W91
    |    `--Tanaupodinae T35
    |         |--Rhinothrombium Berlese 1910 T35
    |         |    `--R. nemoricola S51
    |         |--Tanaupodus Haller 1882 W91
    |         |    |--*T. steudeli Haller 1882 SB63
    |         |    `--T. passimpilosus Berlese 1910 SB63
    |         `--Eothrombium Berlese 1910 T35
    |              |--E. lasseni WL09
    |              `--E. nemoricola WL09
    `--Trombidioidea [Microtrombidioidea, Trombiculoidea] LKW09
         |  i. s.: Georgiothrombium pulcherrimum W01
         |         Parawenhoekia Paoli 1937 S61
         |           `--*P. dectici Paoli 1937 S61
         |         Chatia Brennan 1946 S61
         |         Endotrombicula Ewing 1931 S61
         |         Achaemenothrombiidae ZF11
         |         Trombellidae W91
         |         Walchiidae ZF11
         |         Audyana Womersley 1954 H98 [Audyanidae WL09]
         |           `--A. thompsoni Womersley 1954 H98
         |         Neotrombidiidae W91
         |           |  i. s.: Discotrombidium villasiense Feider 1977 WL09, DC91
         |           |         Monunguis streblida WL09
         |           |--Anomalothrombiinae WL09
         |           `--Neotrombidium Leonardi 1901 S61 [Neotrombidiinae]
         |                |--N. anuroporum WL09
         |                |--N. barringunense Hirst 1928 H98
         |                |--N. beeri WWO01
         |                |--N. gracilare Womersley 1963 H98
         |                |--N. gracilipes Womersley 1963 H98
         |                |--N. neptunium Southcott 1961 S61 (see below for synonymy)
         |                |--N. papuanum (Canestrini 1884) [=Trombidium papuanum, Trombicula papuana] H98
         |                |--N. samsinaki WL09
         |                `--N. tridentifer (Ewing 1909) [=Rhyncholophus tridentifer] S61
         |         Leeuwenhoekiidae W91
         |           |  i. s.: Shunsennia K90
         |           |         Odontacarus Ewing 1929 [incl. Acomatacarus Ewing 1942] H98
         |           |           |--O. adelaideae (Womersley 1944) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. athertonensis (Womersley 1945) [=Acomatacarus athertonensis] H98
         |           |           |--O. attolus (Banks 1916) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. australiensis (Hirst 1925) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. barrinensis (Womersley 1945) [=Acomatacarus barrinensis] H98
         |           |           |--O. cooki (Southcott 1957) [=Acomatacarus cooki] H98
         |           |           |--O. dromus (Womersley 1939) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. echidnus (Womersley 1945) [=Acomatacarus echidnus] H98
         |           |           |--O. langani (Southcott 1957) [=Acomatacarus langani] H98
         |           |           |--O. mathewi (Southcott 1957) [=Acomatacarus mathewi] H98
         |           |           |--O. mccullochi (Womersley 1944) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. novaguinea (Womersley 1944) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. patrius (Womersley 1945) [=Acomatacarus patrius] H98
         |           |           |--O. southcotti (Womersley 1944) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |           |--O. swani Southcott 1986 H98
         |           |           |--‘Acomatacarus’ thallomyis Radford 1946 S69
         |           |           |--O. (Odontacarus) tubercularis (Brennan 1952) QV01
         |           |           `--O. veitchi Southcott 1986 H98
         |           |         Scopitrombium Southcott 1986 H98
         |           |           `--S. retentum (Banks 1916) (see below for synonymy) H98
         |           |--Apoloniinae W91
         |           `--Leeuwenhoekia Oudemans 1911 S61 [Leeuwenhoekiinae W91]
         |                `--L. americana WL09
         |--Johnstonianidae DPD16
         |--Neothrombiidae W91
         `--+--+--Chyzeriidae DPD16
            |  `--Trombidiidae DPD16
            `--+--Microtrombidiidae DPD16
               `--Trombiculidae DPD16

Neotrombidium neptunium Southcott 1961 S61 [=N. tridentifer Southcott 1957 non Rhyncholophus tridentifer Ewing 1909 S61, N. bidentifer (l. c.) H98]

Odontacarus adelaideae (Womersley 1944) [=Leeuwenhoekia adelaideae, Acomatacarus adelaideae] H98

Odontacarus attolus (Banks 1916) [=Rhyncholophus attolus, Acomatacarus attolus, Dromeothrombium attolus, Microtrombidium attolus, Rhynchophus (l. c.) attolus] H98

Odontacarus australiensis (Hirst 1925) [=Leewenhoekia australiensis, Acomatacarus australiensis; incl. L. hirsti Womersley 1944, A. hirsti] H98

Odontacarus dromus (Womersley 1939) [=Dromeothrombium dromus, Acomatacarus dromus, Microtrombidium dromus] H98

Odontacarus mccullochi (Womersley 1944) [=Leeuwenhoekia mccullochi, Acomatacarus mccullochi] H98

Odontacarus novaguinea (Womersley 1944) [=Leeuwenhoekia novaguinea, Acomatacarus novaguinea; incl. A. longipes Womersley 1945] H98

Odontacarus southcotti (Womersley 1944) [=Leeuwenhoekia southcotti, Acomatacarus southcotti] H98

Scopitrombium retentum (Banks 1916) [=Rhyncholophus retentus, Acomatacarus retentus, Calothrombium retentus, Microtrombium retentus] H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DC91] Daniel, M., V. Černý, J. Štěrba & J. de la Cruz. 1991. Morphological study of adults of trombiculid mites from Cuban hot caves. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 261–263. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[K90] Kethley, J. 1990. Acarina: Prostigmata (Actinedida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 667–756. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[LKW09] Lindquist, E. E., G. W. Krantz & D. E. Walter. 2009. Classification. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 97–103. Texas Tech University Press.

[QV01] Quintero, M. M. T., M. Vargas, B. S. Hernández, P García & N. J. Otero. 2001. Ectoparasitic mites on Heteromys gaumeri in the south of Yucatan, Mexico. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 583–585. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[S51] Schweizer, J. 1951. Die Landmilben des schweizerischen Nationalparkes. 2. Teil: Trombidiformes. Ergebnisse der wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung des schweizerischen Nationalparks [Résultats des recherches scientifiques entreprises au Parc National Suisse] 3 (Neue Folge): 51–172.

[SB63] Schweizer, J., & C. Bader. 1963. Die Landmilben der Schweiz (Mittelland, Jura und Alpen): Trombidiformes Reuter, mit 217 Arten und Unterarten und 193 Originalzeichnungen. Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft [Mémoires de la Société Helvétique des Sciences Naturelles] 84 (2): i–vi, 209–378.

[S61] Southcott, R. V. 1961. Studies on the systematics and biology of the Erythraeoidea (Acarina), with a critical revision of the genera and subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 9: 367–610.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339–342.

[T35] Thor, S. 1935. Übersicht und Einteilung der Familie Trombidiidae W. E. Leach 1814 in Unterfamilien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 109 (5–6): 107–112.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[W91] Welbourn, W. C. 1991. Phylogenetic studies of the terrestrial Parasitengona. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 163–170. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[W01] Wohltmann, A. 2001. Closely related species of Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata) inhabiting the same areas: features facilitating coexistence. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 121–135. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[WWO01] Wohltmann, A., H. Witte & R. Olomski. 2001. Organismal patterns causing high potential for adaptive radiation in Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 83–99. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[ZF11] Zhang, Z.-Q., Q.-H. Fan, V. Pesic, H. Smit, A. V. Bochkov, A. A. Khaustov, A. Baker, A. Wohltmann, T. Wen, J. W. Amrine, P. Beron, J. Lin, G. Gabryś & R. Husband. 2011. Order Trombiformes Reuter, 1909. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148: 129–138.

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