Araneini

Australian garden orb weaver Eriophora transmarina, copyright Peripitus.


Belongs within: Araneidae.
Contains: Cyclosini, Neoscona, Araneus, Mangora.

The Araneini are a group of orb-weaving spiders including the genus Araneus and its closest relatives. Members of this clade are united on the presence of a proximoventral tubercle on the palp in males, and the presence of a scape on the epigynum in females (Scharff & Coddington 1997).

<==Araneini [Mangoreae, Mangorini] G76
    |  i. s.: Zilla Koch 1834 G76
    |           |--Z. diodia (Walckenaer 1802) [=Aranea diodia; incl. *Z. albimacula Koch 1834] G76
    |           `--Z. decolorata Keyserling 1893 (n. d.) [=Araneus decoloratus, Zygiella decolorata] L05
    |         Atea Koch 1837 G76
    |           |--*A. sturmi (Hahn 1831) [=Epeira sturmi] G76
    |           `--A. triguttata (Fabricius 1775) G76 [=Araneus triguttatus G76, Epeira triguttata V09]
    |         Spilasma SC97
    |--Scoloderus SC97
    |    |--*S. cordatus (Taczanowski 1879) SC97
    |    `--S. tuberculifer Comstock 1912 SC97
    `--+--Acanthepeira Marx 1883 SC97, AM11
       |    |--*A. stellata (Walckenaer 1805) SC97
       |    `--A. venusta (Banks 1896) SC97
       `--+--+--Hyposinga Ausserer 1871 SC97, G76
          |  |    |--*H. sanguinea (Koch 1845) [=Singa sanguinea] G76
          |  |    |--H. albovittata (Westring 1851) [=Singa albovittata] G76
          |  |    |--H. heri (Hahn 1836) [=Singa heri] G76
          |  |    |--H. pygmaea (Sundevall 1831) G76 [=Araneus (Singa) pygmaeus S95, Epeira (Singa) pygmaea K01, G76]
          |  |    `--H. rubens (Hentz 1847) SC97
          |  `--+--Singa Koch 1836 SC97, G76
          |     |    |--*S. hamata (Clerck 1757) G76 [=Araneus hamatus G76, Epeira (Singa) hamata K01]
          |     |    `--S. nitidula Koch 1845 G76 [=Epeira (Singa) nitidula K01]
          |     `--+--+--Poltyinae [Poltyeae] SC97
          |        |  |    |--*Kaira alba (Hentz 1850) SC97, F11, SC97
          |        |  |    `--Poltys Koch 1843 JD-S07, T94 [incl. Pleuromma Doleschall 1859 D59]
          |        |  |         |--P. bimaculatus Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK90
          |        |  |         |--P. columnaris Thor. 1889-1890 K92
          |        |  |         |--P. coronatus Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK90
          |        |  |         |--P. illepidus Koch 1843 T94 (see below for synonymy)
          |        |  |         |--P. keyserlingi Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK90
          |        |  |         |--P. laciniosus Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK90
          |        |  |         `--P. mammeatus Koch in Koch & Keyserling 1886 KK90
          |        |  `--Metepeira F.O.P.-Cambridge 1903 SC97, B11
          |        |       |--M. arizonica Chamberlin & Ivie 1942 SC97
          |        |       |--M. foxi SC97
          |        |       |--M. incrassata Pickard-Cambridge 1903 B11
          |        |       |--M. labyrinthea (Hentz 1847) B11
          |        |       `--M. spinipes Pickard-Cambridge 1903 B11
          |        `--Zygiella Pickard-Cambridge 1902 SC97, PVD10 [=Zygia Koch 1834 non Fabricius 1775 G76; Zygiellinae]
          |             |--*Z. atrica (Koch 1845) (see below for synonymy) G76
          |             |--Z. kochi (Thorell 1870) [=Zilla kochi] G76
          |             |--Z. montana (Koch 1839) [=Zilla montana] G76
          |             |--Z. stroemi (Thorell 1870) [=Zilla stroemi] G76
          |             |--Z. thorelli (Ausserer 1871) [=Zilla thorelli] G76
          |             `--Z. x-notata (Clerck 1758) PVD10 [=Zilla x-notata G76]
          `--+--Dolophones [Dolophoneae] SC97
             |    `--D. maximus B96
             `--+--Anepsion Strand 1929 SC97, F11
                |    |--A. depressum (Thorell 1877) SC97
                |    |--A. peltoides (Thorell 1878) SC97
                |    `--A. roeweri Chrysanthus 1961 SC97
                `--+--*Colphepeira catawba (Banks 1911) SC97
                   `--+--Nuctenea Simon 1864 SC97, G76 [incl. Cyphepeira Archer 1951 G76]
                      |    |  i. s.: ‘Cyphepeira’ gracilis G76
                      |    |--*N. umbratica (Clerck 1757) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                      |    |--N. silvicultrix (Koch 1835) (see below for synonymy) G76
                      |    `--+--N. cornuta (Clerck 1757) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                      |       |--N. folium (Schrank 1803) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                      |       |--N. ixobola (Thorell 1873) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                      |       |--N. patagiata (Clerck 1757) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                      |       `--N. sclopetaria (Clerck 1757) [=Araneus sclopetarius, Cyphepeira sclopetaria] G76
                      `--+--+--Cyclosini SC97
                         |  `--+--Araniella Chamberlain & Ivie 1942 SC97, G76
                         |     |    |--*A. displicata (Hentz 1847) [=Epeira displicata, Araneus diplicatus] G76
                         |     |    |--A. alpica (Koch 1869) [=Araneus alpicus] G76
                         |     |    |--A. crispula Tullgren 1952 G76
                         |     |    |--A. inconspicua (Simon 1874) [=Araneus inconspicuus] G76
                         |     |    |--A. opistographa (Kulczynski 1905) [=Araneus cucurbitinus opisthographus] G76
                         |     |    `--A. silesiaca (Fickert 1876) G76
                         |     `--+--Verrucosa McCook 1888 SC97, F11
                         |        |    `--*V. arenata (Walckenaer 1842) SC97, WA02
                         |        `--+--Lariniophora Framenau 2011 F11
                         |           |    `--*L. ragnhildae (Strand 1917) (see below for synonymy) F11
                         |           `--Eriophora Simon 1864 SC97, F11
                         |                |--*E. ravilla (Koch 1844) F11
                         |                |--E. biapicata (Koch 1871) F11
                         |                |--E. bistriata D95
                         |                |--E. edax (Blackwall 1863) SC97
                         |                |--E. fuliginea (Koch 1838) B11
                         |                |--E. heroine (Koch 1871) PVD10 [incl. Epeira brounii Urquhart 1884 FF99]
                         |                |--E. pustulosa (Walckenaer 1842) F11 (see below for synonymy)
                         |                `--E. transmarina (Keyserling 1865) F11 [=Aranea transmarina FF99]
                         `--+--+--+--Neoscona SC97
                            |  |  `--+--Larinia Simon 1874 SC97, F11
                            |  |     |    |--L. acuticauda Simon 1906 (see below for synonymy) J98
                            |  |     |    |--L. borealis (Hentz 1847) SC97
                            |  |     |    |--L. directa (Hentz 1847) AM11
                            |  |     |    |--L. montagui Hogg 1914 T13
                            |  |     |    `--L. phthisica (Koch 1871) F11
                            |  |     `--+--Araneus SC97
                            |  |        `--Aculepeira Chamberlain & Ivie 1942 F11, G76
                            |  |             |--*A. packardi (Thorell 1875) SC97
                            |  |             |--A. aculeata (Emerton 1877) [=Epeira aculeata] G76
                            |  |             |--A. carbonaria (Koch 1869) [=Araneus carbonarius] G76
                            |  |             `--A. ceropegia (Walckenaer 1802) G76 (see below for synonymy)
                            |  |--Mangora SC97
                            |  `--+--*Pronous tuberculifer Keyserling 1880 SC97
                            |     `--Cercidia Thorell 1870 F11, G76
                            |          `--*C. prominens (Westring 1851) SC97 [=Epeira prominens G76]
                            `--+--Metazygia SC97
                               |    |--*M. wittfeldae P.-Cambridge 1903 SC97
                               |    |--M. gregalis (Pickard-Cambridge 1889) P-GGJ08
                               |    `--M. rogenhoferi (Keyserling 1878) P-GGJ08
                               `--+--+--+--Enacrosoma Mello-Leitão 1932 SC97, AM11
                                  |  |  |    `--*E. anomala (Mello-Leitao 1932) SC97
                                  |  |  `--Bertraneae SC97
                                  |  |       |--Bertrana Keyserling 1884 SC97, AM11
                                  |  |       |    |--*B. striolata Keyserling 1884 SC97
                                  |  |       |    `--B. laselva Levi 1989 SC97
                                  |  |       `--Spintharidius SC97
                                  |  `--Alpaida Pickard-Cambridge 1889 SC97, AM11
                                  |       |--A. bicornuta (Taczanowski 1878) SC97
                                  |       |--A. championi (P.-Cambridge 1889) SC97
                                  |       |--A. grayi [=Aranea grayi] F09
                                  |       |--A. leucogramma (White 1841) AM11
                                  |       |--A. truncata (Keyserling 1865) AM11
                                  |       `--A. veniliae (Keyserling 1865) AM11
                                  `--+--Eustala Simon 1895 SC97, AM11
                                     |    |--*E. anastera (Walckenaer 1841) SC97
                                     |    `--E. sagana (Keyserling 1893) [=Araneus saganus] AM11
                                     `--+--Wixia Pickard-Cambridge 1882 F11, AM11
                                        |    |--W. ectypa (Walckenaer 1841) SC97
                                        |    `--W. georgia (Levi 1976) SC97
                                        `--Acacesia Simon 1895 F11, AM11
                                             `--*A. hamata (Hentz 1847) SC97

Aculepeira ceropegia (Walckenaer 1802) G76 [=Araneus ceropegius G76, Ar. (Epeira) ceropegia S95]

Eriophora pustulosa (Walckenaer 1842) F11 [=Araneus pustulosus FF99, Aranea pustulosa M54; incl. Epeira blattea Urquhart 1893 NS00, Ep. helveoguttata Urquhart 1888 NS00, Ep. ostribrunnea Urquhart 1890 NS00]

Larinia acuticauda Simon 1906 [=Drexelia acuticauda; incl. D. camerunica Strand 1908, Larinia camerunica] J98

*Lariniophora ragnhildae (Strand 1917) [=Araneus ragnhildae; incl. Epeira gracilis Hogg 1896 nec Walckenaer 1805 nec Keyserling 1865 nec Menge 1879, A. gracilis] F11

Nuctenea cornuta (Clerck 1757) G76 [=Araneus cornutus G76, Cyphepeira cornuta G76, Epeira cornuta K01, Larinioides cornutus AM11; incl. Aranea leuwenhoeki Scopoli 1763 K01, Aranea umbratica Olivier non Araneus umbraticus Clerck 1757 K01, Epeira vicaria Kulczyński 1885 K01, Araneus (Epeira) vicarius S95]

Nuctenea folium (Schrank 1803) G76 [=Araneus folium G76, Aranea folium K01, Epeira folium K01; incl. Aranea dumetorum K01, Aranea foliata K01]

Nuctenea ixobola (Thorell 1873) G76 [=Araneus ixobolus G76, Cyphepeira ixobola G76, A. (Epeira) ixobola S95]

Nuctenea patagiata (Clerck 1757) G76 [=Araneus patagiatus G76, Cyphepeira patagiata G76, Epeira patagiata K01; incl. Aranea apoclisa K01, Epeira apoclisa S69]

Nuctenea silvicultrix (Koch 1835) [=Araneus silvicultrix, *Cyphepeira silvicultrix, Epeira silvicultrix] G76

*Nuctenea umbratica (Clerck 1757) G76 [=Araneus umbraticus G76, Chinestela umbratica G76, Epeira umbratica V09]

Poltys illepidus Koch 1843 T94 [incl. *Pleuromma moluccum Doleschall 1859 D59, T94, Po. moluccum T94]

*Zygiella atrica (Koch 1845) [=Eucharia atrica, Zilla atrica, Zygia calophylla non Aranea calophylla Walckenaer 1802] G76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AM11] Araujo, D., V. F. Mattos, A. M. Giroti, M. G. Kraeski, L. S. Carvalho & A. D. Brescovit. 2011. Cytogenetical characterization of six orb-weaver species and review of cytogenetical data for Araneidae. Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 337–344.

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[D95] Downes, M. F. 1995. Australasian social spiders: what is meant by 'social'? Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 25–32.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[F11] Framenau, V. W. 2011. Lariniophora, a new monotypic orb-weaving spider genus from Australia (Araneae: Araneidae: Araneinae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (2): 191–201.

[G76] Grasshoff, M. 1976. Zur Taxonomie und Nomenklatur mitteleuropäischer Radnetzspinnen der Familie Araneidae (Arachnida: Araneae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 57 (1–3): 143–154.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[K92] Karsch, F. 1892. Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36 (2): 267–310.

[KK90] Koch, L., & E. Keyserling. 1884–1890. Die Arachniden Australiens nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet vol. 2. Bauer & Raspe: Nürnberg.

[K01] Kulczyński, V. 1901. Arachnoideák [Arachnoidea]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 311–369. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[L05] Levi, H. W. 2005. The orb-weaver genus Mangora of Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 158 (4): 139–182.

[M54] Main, B. Y. 1954. Spiders and Opiliones. In: Willis, J. H. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 37–53. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[P-GGJ08] Penna-Gonçalves, V., C. R. M. Garcia & H. F. Japyassú. 2008. Homology in a context dependent predatory behavior in spiders (Araneae). Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 352–359.

[SC97] Scharff, N., & J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 355–434.

[S95] Simon, E. 1895. Arachnides recueillis par Mr G. Potanine en Chine et en Mongolie (1876–1879). Izviestĭia Imperatorskoi Akademĭi Nauk” [Bulletin de l’Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg], Ser. 5, 4: 331–345.

[S69] Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution to the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 38 pt 2 (4): 201–251, pls 18–20.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

[WA02] Whitehouse, M., I. Agnarsson, T. Miyashita, D. Smith, K. Cangialosi, T. Matsumoto, D. Li & Y. Henaut. 2002. Argyrodes: Phylogeny, sociality and interspecific interactions—a report on the Argyrodes symposium, Badplaas 2001. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 238–245.

Last updated: 16 January 2022.

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