Lumbrineris sp., copyright MES.

Belongs within: Annelida.
Contains: Mesonerilla, Ramphoprionidae, Myzostomatida, Amphinomida, Phyllodocida, Dorvilleidae, Onuphidae, Eunicidae.

The Aciculata are a group of polychaete worms characterised by the presence of aciculae, supportive chaetae embedded within the parapodia.

<==Aciculata PTV14
    |--+--Amphinomida RP07
    |  `--Chaetopteridae SS07
    |       |  i. s.: Spiochaetopterus costarum (Claparède 1870) SS07
    |       |--Chaetopterus RP07
    |       |    |--C. sarsi Boeck in Sars 1851 RP07
    |       |    `--C. variopedatus (Renier 1804) SS07
    |       `--+--Phyllochaetopterus solitarius RP07, M62
    |          `--Telepsavus RP07
    `--+--Lumbrineridae SS07
       |    |--Ninoe nigripes Pettibone 1982 SS07
       |    `--Lumbrineris SS07
       |         |--L. coccinea HS01
       |         |--L. fragilis M62
       |         |--L. funchalensis BBB-S95
       |         |--L. impatiens BBB-S95
       |         |--L. latrelli Audouin & Milne-Edwards 1834 SS07
       |         |--L. longifolia GAS03
       |         |--L. magnidentata Winsnes 1981 RP07
       |         `--L. tenuis ST02
       `--+--Phyllodocida SS07
          `--Eunicida PTV14
               |  i. s.: Paulinitidae PTV14
               |           |--Paulinites Lange 1947 H62
               |           |    `--*P. paranaensis Lange 1947 H62
               |           |--Kettnerites Žebera 1935 H62
               |           |    `--*K. kosoviensis Žebera 1935 H62
               |           |--Polychaetaspis Kozlowski 1956 H62
               |           |    `--*P. wyszogrodensis Kozlowski 1956 H62
               |           |--Polychaetura Kozlowski 1956 H62
               |           |    `--*P. gracilis Kozlowski 1956 H62
               |           `--Kingnites diamondi PTV14
               |--+--Dorvilleidae SS07
               |  `--Driloneris [Oenonidae] SS07
               |       `--D. longa Webster 1879 SS07
               `--+--Onuphidae SS07
                  `--Eunicidae SS07

Aciculata incertae sedis:
  Aberrantidae RF98
  Nerillidae RF98
    |--Mesonerilla H-S86
    |--Thalassochaetus Ax 1954 H-S86
    |    `--T. palpifoliaceus Ax 1954 TS02
    |--Afronerilla Faubel 1978 H-S86
    |    `--A. hartwigi Faubel 1978 H-S86
    |--Bathynerilla Faubel 1978 H-S86
    |    `--B. marina Faubel 1978 H-S86
    |--Nerillidopsis Jouin 1966 H-S86
    |    `--N. hyalina Jouin 1966 H-S86
    |--Psammoriedlia Kirsteuer 1966 H-S86
    |    `--P. ruperti Kirsteuer 1966 H-S86
    |--Troglochaetus Delachaux 1921 H-S86
    |    `--T. beranecki Delachaux 1921 H-S86
    |--Meganerilla Boaden 1961 H-S86
    |    |--M. clavata Magagnini 1966 H-S86
    |    `--M. swedmarki Boaden 1961 TS02
    |--Micronerilla TS02
    |    |--M. brevis Saphonov & Tzetlin 1997 TS02
    |    `--M. minuta TS02
    |--Nerilla Schmidt 1848 H-S86
    |    |--N. antennata Schmidt 1848 H-S86
    |    |--N. digitata Wieser 1957 H-S86
    |    |--N. inopinata Gray 1968 H-S86
    |    |--N. marginalis Tilzer 1970 H-S86
    |    |--N. mediterranea Schlieper 1925 H-S86
    |    |--N. parva Schmidt & Westheide 1977 H-S86
    |    |--N. sinica Wu, Chen & Sun 1980 H-S86
    |    `--N. stygicola Ax 1957 H-S86
    `--Nerillidium Remane 1925 H-S86
         |--N. gracile Remane 1925 H-S86
         |--N. levetzovi Remane 1949 H-S86
         |--N. lothari Schmidt & Westheide 1977 H-S86
         |--N. macropharyngeum Jouin 1970 H-S86
         |--N. mediterraneum Remane 1928 H-S86
         |--N. renaudae Join 1970 H-S86
         |--N. simplex Levi 1953 H-S86
         `--N. troglochaetoides Remane 1925 H-S86
  Spintheridae RF98
  Ramphoprionidae E02
  Hartmaniellidae RF98
  Histriobdellidae RF98
    |--Histriobdella van Beneden 1858 [incl. Histriodrilus Foettinger 1884] H69
    |    `--H. homari H69
    `--Stratiodrilus Haswell 1900 H69
         `--S. platensis H69
  Myzostomatida PTV14

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BBB-S95] Boubezari, K., G. Bitar & D. Bellan-Santini. 1995. Structure et organisation de trois moulières (Mytilus galloprovincialis et Perna perna) de la région d’Alger. Mésogée 54: 63–72.

[E02] Eriksson, M. 2002. The palaeobiogeography of Silurian ramphoprionid polychaete annelids. Palaeontology 45 (5): 985–996.

[FBW99] Fries, J. S., C. A. Butman & R. A. Wheatcroft. 1999. Ripple formation induced by biogenic mounds. Marine Geology 159: 287–302.

[GAS03] Gulbin, V. V., I. S. Arzamastsev & V. M. Shulkin. 2003. Ecological monitoring of the water area of Port Vostochnyi (Wrangel Bay) in the Sea of Japan (1995–2002). Russian Journal of Marine Biology 29 (5): 284–295.

[H-S86] Hartmann-Schröder, G. 1986. Polychaeta (incl. Archiannelida). In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 210–233. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H69] Hermans, C. O. 1969. The systematic position of the Archiannelida. Systematic Zoology 18 (1): 85–102.

[H62] Howell, B. F. 1962. Worms. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea: Conodonts, Conoidal Shells of Uncertain Affinities, Worms, Trace Fossils and Problematica pp. W144–W177. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[M62] Monniot, F. 1962. Recherches sur les graviers a Amphioxus de la région de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 13: 231–322.

[PTV14] Parry, L., A. Tanner & J. Vinther. 2014. The origin of annelids. Palaeontology 57 (6): 1091–1103.

[RF98] Rouse, G. W., & K. Fauchald. 1998. Recent views on the status, delineation and classification of the Annelida. American Zoologist 38: 953–964.

[RP07] Rousset, V., F. Pleijel, G. W. Rouse, C. Erséus & M. E. Siddall. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of annelids. Cladistics 23: 41–63.

[ST02] Smith, D. G., & K. A. Tighe. 2002. Snake eels. Family Ophichthidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 97–98. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[SS07] Struck, T. H., N. Schutt, T. Kusen, E. Hickman, C. Bleidorn, D. McHugh & K. M. Halanych. 2007. Annelid phylogeny and the status of Sipuncula and Echiura. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: 57.

[TS02] Tsetlin, A. B., & M. V. Safonov. 2002. Interstitial polychaetes (Annelida) from the Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 81 (8): 899–908.

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