Flinder's vase Vasum flindersi, from here.

Belongs within: Muricoidea.

The Turbinellidae, chank and vase shells, are a group of generally large gastropods with a thick, spindle-shaped shell (the largest known gastropod, Syrinx aruanus, belongs to this family). They possess a long, thin proboscis that folds into a non-evaginable proboscis sheath (Harasewych & Petit 1989).

<==Turbinellidae [Turbinelloidea, Vasidae]
    |  i. s.: Tudivasum MG-H11
    |           |--T. inermis (Angas 1878) MG-H11
    |           `--T. spinosa (Adams & Adams 1863) MG-H11
    |         Ceratoxancus Kuroda 1952 BC01
    |           `--*C. teramachii Kuroda 1952 BC01
    |         Surculina Dall 1908 BK11, P66 [incl. Phenacoptygma Dall 1918 O27]
    |           |--*S. blanda (Dall 1908) [=Daphnella (*Surculina) blanda] P66
    |           `--S. cortezi (Dall 1908) P66 [=Daphnella (Surculina) cortezi P66, *Phenacoptygma cortezi O27]
    |--Tudicula Adams & Adams 1864 ES88 [=Tudicla Röding 1798 BR05; Tudiclidae, Tudiclinae BR05, Tudiculinae]
    |    |--T. armigera Adams 1855 WG71
    |    |--T. inermis Angas 1878 WG71
    |    |--T. rasilistoma Abbott 1959 ES88
    |    |--T. spinosa Adams & Adams 1863 WG71
    |    `--T. zanzibarica Abbott 1958 ES88
    |--Turbinellinae HP89
    |    |--Xancus Röding 1798 [Xancidae, Xancinae] BR05
    |    |--Syrinx Röding 1798 HP89
    |    |    `--*S. aruanus (Linnaeus 1758) HP89 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--Turbinella Lamarck 1799 BR05 [incl. Buccinella Perry 1811 PH90]
    |         |--T. alabamensis (Gabb 1860) [=Cancellaria alabamensis] PH90
    |         |--T. angulata HP89
    |         |--T. iricolor Hombr. & Jacquinot 1853 H09
    |         |--T. pyrum (Linné 1767) [incl. *Buccinella caerulea Perry 1811] PH90
    |         |--T. scolymoides Dall 1890 P89
    |         `--T. subnassatula Souverbie 1872 H09
    |--Vasinae ES88
    |    |--Cynodonta Schumacher 1817 [Cynodontidae, Cynodontinae] BR05
    |    |--Scolymus Swainson 1835 [Scolyminae] BR05
    |    `--Vasum Röding 1798 ES88
    |         |  i. s.: V. cassiforme (Kiener 1840) ES88
    |         |         V. ceramicum (Linnaeus 1758) BW09 [=Murex ceramicus H09]
    |         |         V. crosseanum (Souverbie 1875) ES88
    |         |         V. floridanum McGinty 1940 P89
    |         |         V. globulum (Lamarck 1816) [incl. V. globulum antiguensis Usticke 1969] BC01
    |         |         V. humerosum Vaughan 1896 DK10
    |         |         V. lactisfloris Ferrario 1983 BC01
    |         |         V. rhinoceros (Gmelin 1791) ES88
    |         |         V. stephanti Emerson & Sage 1988 ES88
    |         |         V. tubiferum (Anton 1839) ES88
    |         |         V. turbinellus (Linnaeus 1758) ES88 [=Voluta turbinella H09]
    |         `--V. (Altivasum Hedley 1914) DK10, WG71
    |              `--V. (A.) flindersi Verco 1914 DK10, WG71
    `--Columbariinae [Columbariidae] H89
         |--Columbarium Martens 1881 BR05
         |    |--*C. spinicinctum (Martens 1881) RA75 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--C. acanthostephes F27a
         |    |--C. distephanotis Melvill 1891 H09
         |    |--C. hedleyi Iredale 1936 WG71
         |    |--C. pagoda P66
         |    |--C. pagodoides (Watson 1882) [=Fusus (Colus) pagodoides] BC01
         |    `--C. spinulatum Cossmann 1901 [=Fusus spiniferus Tate 1888 non F. spinifer Bellardi 1873] F27b
         `--Coluzea Allen 1926 H89
              |--*C. spiralis (Adams 1856) [=Fusus spiralis] RA75
              |--C. altocanalis Dell 1956 P61
              |--C. cingulata (Martens 1901) H89
              |--C. climacota (Suter 1917) [=Fusinus climacotus] F27a
              |--C. dentata (Hutton 1877) [=Fusus dentatus] F27a
              |--C. distephanotis (Melvill 1891) H89
              |--C. eastwoodae (Kilburn 1971) H89
              |--C. icarus Harasewych 1986 MG-H11
              |--C. juliae Harasewych 1989 H89
              |--C. liriope Harasewych 1986 H89
              |--C. maorium (Marshall & Murdoch 1919) [=Fusinus maorium] F27a
              `--C. mariae Powell 1952 P61

*Columbarium spinicinctum (Martens 1881) RA75 [=Pleurotoma (*Columbarium) spinicinctum RA75; incl. C. caragarang Garrard 1966 WG71]

*Syrinx aruanus (Linnaeus 1758) HP89 [=Murex aruanus HP89, Busycon aruanus HP89, Fulgur aruanus HP89, Megalatractus aruanus WG71; incl. Fusus proboscidiferus Lamarck 1816 HP89, Me. proboscidiferus HP89]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BK11] Bouchet, P., Y. I. Kantor, A. Sysoev & N. Puillandre. 2011. A new operational classification of the Conoidea (Gastropoda). Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 273–308.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[DK10] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2010. Eocene molluscs from the Merlinleigh Sandstone, Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (1): 23–41.

[ES88] Emerson, W. K., & W. E. Sage III. 1988. A new species of Vasum (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) from off Somalia. Nautilus 102 (1): 36–39.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H89] Harasewych, M. G. 1989. A new species of Coluzea (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) from off southeastern Africa. Nautilus 103 (2): 70–72.

[HP89] Harasewych, M. G., & R. E. Petit. 1989. The nomenclatural status and phylogenetic affinities of Syrinx aruanus Linné, 1758 (Prosobranchia: Turbinellidae). Nautilus 103 (2): 83–84.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II pt I. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PH90] Petit, R. E., & M. G. Harasewych. 1990. Catalogue of the superfamily Cancellarioidea Forbes and Hanley, 1851 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia). Nautilus Supplement 1: 1–69.

[P89] Petuch, E. J. 1989. New species of Malea (Gastropoda: Tonnidae) from the Pleistocene of southern Florida. Nautilus 103 (3): 92–95.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[P66] Powell, A. W. B. 1966. The molluscan families Speightiidae and Turridae: An evaluation of the valid taxa, both Recent and fossil, with lists of characteristic species. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 5: 1–184, pls 1–23.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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