Araneomorphae

Lampshade spider Hypochilus pococki, photographed by Ryan Kaldari.


Belongs within: Araneae.
Contains: Attidae, Austrochiloidea, Haplogynae, Entelegynae.

The Araneomorphae are one of the major clades of spiders, characterised by chelicerae with fangs that close towards the midline of the body.

Synapomorphies (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Chelicerae diaxial; anterior spinnerets replaced by cribellum or colulus.

<==Araneomorphae [Antiodontes, Arachnomorphae, Argiopidae, Hypochilomorphae, Inaequitelae]
    |  i. s.: Phrynarachne decipiens B96
    |         Dendrolycosa Doleschall 1859 D59
    |           `--*D. fusca Doleschall 1859 D59
    |         Attidae M54
    |--Neocribellatae GC99
    |    |--Austrochiloidea JD-S07
    |    `--Araneoclada [Dipneumonomorphae, Tubitelariae] JD-S07
    |         |--Haplogynae JD-S07
    |         `--Entelegynae JD-S07
    `--Hypochilidae [Palaearchaeidea, Paleocribellatae] JD-S07
         |--Ectatosticta Simon 1892 [Ectatostictidae] JD-S07
         `--Hypochilus Marx 1888 JD-S07
              |--H. coylei HR01
              |--H. gertschi FF99
              |--H. pococki FF99
              |--H. sheari HR01
              `--H. thorelli Marx 1888 HF08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[D59] Doleschall, C. L. 1859. Tweede Bijdrage tot de kennis der Arachniden van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen der Natuurkundige Vereeniging in Nederlandsch Indie [Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae] 5 (5): 1–60, pls 1–18.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[HR01] Hale, R. J., & D. C. F. Rentz. 2001. The Gryllacrididae: an overview of the world fauna with emphasis on Australian examples. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 95–110. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[HF08] Huber, B. A., & N. Fleckenstein. 2008. Comb-hairs on the fourth tarsi in pholcid spiders. Journal of Arachnology 36 (2): 232–240.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[M54] Main, B. Y. 1954. Spiders and Opiliones. In: Willis, J. H. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 37–53. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

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