Araneinae

Singafrotypa acanthopus, from Kuntner & Hormiga (2002).


Belongs within: Araneidae.
Contains: Araneini.

The Araneinae includes the 'typical' orb-weaving spiders, generally constructing a conventional orb-web at night and resting in a camouflaged retreat away from the web during the day (Framenau 2011). Kuntner (2002) placed Perilla teres, a south-east Asian spider characterised by a cylindrical abdomen extending far past the spinnerets, as a basal member of this group; it had previously been classified with the Nephilidae.

<==Araneinae
    |  i. s.: Backobourkia Framenau, Dupérré et al. 2010 F11
    |           |--B. brounii (Koch 1871) PVD10
    |           `--B. collina (Keyserling 1886) T13
    |         Novakiella Court & Forster 1993 F11
    |           `--*N. trituberculosa (Roewer 1942) PVD10
    |         Phonognatha Simon 1894 BS09, K02 [incl. Singotypa HAA07; Phonognatheae]
    |           |--P. graeffei (Rainbow 1896) B96
    |           |--P. melania B96
    |           `--P. sylvicola B96
    |--+--Perilla Thorell 1895 K02
    |  |    `--*P. teres Thorell 1895 [incl. P. cylindrogaster Simon 1909] K02
    |  `--Chorizopeae SC97
    |       |--Chorizopes O.P.-Cambridge 1870 [Chorizopinae] K02
    |       |    `--*C. frontalis K02
    |       `--Artonis SC97
    `--+--Singafrotypa Benoit 1962 K02
       |    |--S. acanthopus (Simon 1907) K02
       |    `--S. okavango K02
       `--Araneini K02

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B11] Blackledge, T. A. 2011. Prey capture in orb weaving spiders: are we using the best metric? Journal of Arachnology 39 (2): 205–210.

[BS09] Blackledge, T. A., N. Scharff, J. A. Coddington, T. Szüts, J. W. Wenzel, C. Y. Hayashi & I. Agnarsson. 2009. Reconstructing web evolution and spider diversification in the molecular era. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (13): 5229–5234.

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[F11] Framenau, V. W. 2011. Lariniophora, a new monotypic orb-weaving spider genus from Australia (Araneae: Araneidae: Araneinae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (2): 191–201.

[HAA07] Harvey, M. S., A. D. Austin & M. Adams. 2007. The systematics and biology of the spider genus Nephila (Araneae: Nephilidae) in the Australasian region. Invertebrate Systematics 21: 407–451.

[K02] Kuntner, M. 2002. The placement of Perilla (Araneae, Araneidae) with comments on araneid phylogeny. Journal of Arachnology 30 (2): 281–287.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[SC97] Scharff, N., & J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120: 355–434.

[T13] Taylor, C. K. 2013. Annotated bibliography for Barrow Island terrestrial invertebrates. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 135–144.


Last updated: 27 June 2018.

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