Limacoidea

Mating grey garden slugs Deroceras reticulatum, copyright Lucie Juřičková.


Belongs within: Stylommatophora.

The Limacoidea are a group of slugs and semislugs found in more humid biotopes (Hausdorf 1998).

Synapomorphies (from Hausdorf 1998): Epiphallus absent; spermatophore absent; vas deferens running along inside of penial tunica.

<==Limacoidea
    |--Boettgerilla Simroth 1910 [Boettgerillidae] BR05
    |--Agriolimacidae BR05
    |    |--Mesolimax Pollonera 1888 [Mesolimacinae] BR05
    |    `--Agriolimacinae BR05
    |         |--Agriolimax Mörch 1865 BR05
    |         `--Deroceras Rafinesque 1820 [Deroceratinae] BR05
    |              |--D. agreste (Linnaeus 1758) HM07
    |              |--D. buchar (Simroth 1910) RA70
    |              |--D. kandaharensis van Regteren Altena 1970 RA70
    |              |--D. laeve (Müller 1774) RA70
    |              `--D. reticulatum (Müller 1774) HM07
    |--Vitrinidae (see below for synonymy) BR05
    |    |--‘Hyalina’ Studer 1820 non Schumacher 1817 BR05
    |    |--Plutonia Morelet in Stabile 1864 BR05
    |    |--Vitriplutonia Collinge 1893 BR05
    |    |--Semilimax Stabile 1859 [Semilimacinae, Semilimacini] BR05
    |    |--Oligolimax Schileyko 2003 [Oligolimacini] BR05
    |    |--Phenacolimax Stabile 1859 [Phenacolimacinae] BR05
    |    |    |--P. crassus Groh & Hemmen 1986 CC06
    |    |    `--P. portosanctanus Groh & Hemmen 1986 CC06
    |    `--Vitrina Draparnaud 1801 BR05
    |         |--V. birmanica Tapparone Canefri 1889 TC89
    |         |--V. limpida BP90
    |         `--V. papillispira [=Austenia papillispira] TC89
    `--Limacidae [Limacidia, Limaxia] BR05
         |  i. s.: Lehmania marginata (Müller 1774) HM07
         |         Malacolimax tenellus (Müller 1774) HM07
         |         Lehmannia Heynemann 1862 BP90
         |           |--L. marginata RP91
         |           `--L. valentiana BP90
         |--Eumilax Boettger 1881 [Eumilacinae] BR05
         `--Limacinae [Limacinia] BR05
              |--Limacopsis Simroth 1888 [Limacopsidae] BR05
              |--Bielzia Clessin 1887 [Bielziidae, Bielziinae] BR05
              `--Limax Linnaeus 1758 BR05
                   |--L. cinereoniger Wolf 1803 HM07
                   |--L. flavus RP91
                   `--L. maximus (Linnaeus 1758) HM07

Vitrinidae [Plutoniainae, Plutoniidae, Plutoniinae, Vitrinacea, Vitrinoidea, Vitrininae, Vitrinoplutoniinae, Vitriplutoniinae] BR05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BP90] Burch, J. B., & T. A. Pearce. 1990. Terrestrial Gastropoda. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 201-309. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[CC06] Cameron, R. A. D., L. M. Cook, G. A. Goodfriend & M. B. Seddon. 2006. Fossil land snails of Porto Santo, Madeiran archipelago: change and stasis in Pleistocene to Recent times. Malacologia 49 (1): 25-59.

Hausdorf, B. 1998. Phylogeny of the Limacoidea sensu lato (Gastropoda: Stylommatophora). Journal of Molluscan Studies 64 (1): 35-66.

[HM07] Honek, A., & Z. Martinkova. 2007. A field method for quantifying the grazing activity of slugs, with particular reference to Arion lusitanicus (Mollusca). Malacologia 49 (2): 273-281.

[RP91] Raut, S. K., & A. Panigrahi. 1991. The mite Fuscuropoda marginata (C. L. Koch) for the control of pest slugs Laevicaulis alte (Férussac). In Dusbábek, F. & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 683-687. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RA70] Regteren Altena, C. O. van. 1970. Notes on land slugs, 16: Deroceras from Afghanistan, including description of D. kandaharensis. Fieldiana Zoology 51 (15): 175-178.

[TC89] Tapparone Canefri, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XVIII.—Molluschi terrestri e d’acqua dolce. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 295-359.

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