Turbinoidea

Tegula pellisserpentis, copyright Femorale.


Belongs within: Vetigastropoda.
Contains: Tricolia, Turbininae, Skeneinae, Colloniinae, Angariinae, Tegula (Chlorostoma), Liotia.

The Turbinoidea is a group of marine gastropods including the turban shells and related taxa.

<==Turbinoidea
    |--Phasianellidae BR05
    |    |  i. s.: Pseudophasianus Cossmann 1918 KC60
    |    |           `--*P. elatus (Fuchs 1870) [=Turbo elatus] KC60
    |    |--Gabrieloninae BR05
    |    |    |--Eugabrielona BR05
    |    |    `--Gabrielona Iredale 1917 BR05
    |    |         `--*G. nepeanensis (Gatliff & Gabriel 1908) [=Phasianella nepeanensis] KC60
    |    |--Tricoliinae [Tricoliidae] BR05
    |    |    |--Tricolia BR05
    |    |    `--Eulithidium Pilsbry 1898 KC60
    |    |         |--E. dianthum (McLean 1970) [=Tricolia diantha] BC01
    |    |         |--E. luridum (Dall 1897) [=Eucosmia lurida, Phasianella (Eulithidium) lurida] O27
    |    |         |--E. pterocladicum (Robertson 1958) [=Tricolia affinis pterocladica] BC01
    |    |         |--E. substriatum (Carpenter 1864) [=Eucosmia substriata, Phasianella (Eulithidium) substriata] O27
    |    |         `--E. typicum (Dall 1908) (see below for synonymy) O27
    |    `--Phasianella Lamarck 1804 BR05 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--*P. australis (Gmelin 1791) (see below for synonymy) KC60
    |         |--P. angasi M54
    |         |--P. bulimoides O27
    |         |--P. perforata O27
    |         |--P. sulcosa Mighels 1843 J49
    |         |--P. tomlini M54
    |         |--P. variegata Lamarck 1822 H09
    |         `--P. ventricosa Swainson 1822 [incl. P. perdix Wood 1828] WG71
    |--Turbinidae [Astylophthalma] BR05
    |    |  i. s.: Eucycloscala Cossmann 1895 PE02 [incl. Trochoscala Koken 1897 KC60, Urceolabrum Wade 1917 KC60]
    |    |           |--*E. binodosa (Münster 1841) [=Trochus binodosus] KC60
    |    |           |--E. asiatica Batten 1985 PE02
    |    |           `--E. medionodosus Batten 1985 PE02
    |    |         Natiria de Koninck 1881 TE01 [incl. Fritschia Picard 1904 KC60]
    |    |           |--*N. lirata (Phillips 1836) [=Natica lirata] TE01
    |    |           `--N. costata TE01
    |    |         Pleuratella Moore 1867 KC60
    |    |           |--*P. prima Moore 1867 KC60
    |    |           `--P. brachyura KC60
    |    |         Pterocheilos Moore 1867 [=Mooria Cossmann 1899, Tinochilus Fischer 1885] KC60
    |    |           `--*P. primus Moore 1867 [=*Mooria prima, *Tinochilus primus] KC60
    |    |--Turbininae BR05
    |    |--Moreanellus Fischer & Weber 1997 [Moreanellinae] BR05
    |    |--Skeneinae BR05
    |    |--Colloniinae BR05
    |    |--Angariinae BR05
    |    |--Prisogaster Mörch 1850 [Prisogasterinae, Prisogastrinae] BR05
    |    |    `--*P. niger (Wood 1828) [=Turbo niger, *Amyxa nigra] KC60
    |    |--Moelleria Jeffreys 1865 [Moelleriinae] BR05
    |    |    |--*M. costulata (Möller 1842) [=Margarita costulata] KC60
    |    |    |--M. drusiana Dall 1919 O27
    |    |    `--M. quadrae Dall 1897 O27
    |    `--Tegula Lesson 1832 [Tegulinae, Tegulini] BR05
    |         |  i. s.: T. funebralis SEW95
    |         |         T. ‘lugubris’ (Philippi 1844) [=Trochus lugubris non Gmelin 1791] F27b
    |         |--T. (Tegula) pellisserpentis (Wood 1828) [=Trochus pellisserpentis; incl. Te. elegans Lesson 1835] KC60
    |         |--T. (Agathistoma Olsson & Harbison 1953) KC60
    |         |    |--T. (*A.) viridula (Gmelin 1791) [=Trochus viridulus] KC60
    |         |    |--T. (A.) corteziana McLean 1970 BC01
    |         |    |--T. (A.) felipensis McLean 1970 BC01
    |         |    |--T. (A.) picta McLean 1970 BC01
    |         |    `--T. (A.) verrucosa McLean 1970 BC01
    |         |--T. (Chlorostoma) O27
    |         |--T. (Omphalius Philippi 1847) [=Neomphalius Fischer 1885] KC60
    |         |    |--T. (*O.) rustica (Gmelin 1791) [=Trochus rusticus] KC60
    |         |    |--T. (O.) aureotincta Forbes 1850 O27
    |         |    |--‘Omphalius’ coronatus Adams 1852 O27
    |         |    |--T. (O.) impressa (Jonas 1848) [=Trochus impressus] O27
    |         |    |--T. (O.) ligulatus (Menke 1850) [=Trochus viridulus var. ligulatum] O27
    |         |    |--T. (O.) mariana (Dall 1919) (see below for synonymy) O27
    |         |    |--T. (O.) reticulata Wood 1828 O27
    |         |    `--‘Omphalius’ turbinatus Adams 1851 O27
    |         `--T. (Promartynia Dall 1909) O27
    |              `--T. (*P.) pulligo (Gmelin 1791) [=Trochus pulligo] KC60
    |                   |--T. p. pulligo O27
    |                   `--T. p. taylori Oldroyd 1922 O27
    `--Liotiidae [Cyclostrematidae, Liotiadae] BR05
         |  i. s.: Elachorbis Iredale 1915 F27a
         |           |--*E. tatei [=Cyclostrema tatei] F27a
         |           |--E. cingulatus (Bartrum 1919) [=Circulus cingulatus] F27a
         |           |--E. diaphana Finlay 1924 F27a
         |           |--E. helicoides (Hutton 1877) [=Circulus helicoides] F27a
         |           |--E. politus (Suter 1917) [=Circulus politus] F27a
         |           `--E. subtatei (Suter 1907) F27a
         |--Brochidium Koken 1889 [Brochidiidae, Brochidiinae, Brochidinae] BR05
         |    `--*B. cingulatum (Münster 1834) [=Ceratites cingulatus] KC60
         |--Dichostasia Yochelson 1956 [Dichostasiinae, Dichostasinae] BR05
         |    |--*D. complex Yochelson 1956 B79
         |    |--D. kampara Batten 1979 B79
         |    |--D. simplex Yochelson 1956 B79
         |    `--D. solariformis (Delpey 1942) [=Euomphalus solariformis, Discotropis solariformis] B79
         `--Liotiinae [Areneinae, Cyclostrematinae] BR05
              |--Liotia BR05
              |--Bathyliotina Habe 1961 MASC88
              |--Dentarene Iredale 1929 MASC88
              |    `--*D. sarcina Iredale 1929 KC60 (see below for synonymy)
              |--Austroliotia Cotton 1948 MASC88
              |    `--*A. botanica (Hedley 1915) KC60 (see below for synonymy)
              |--Cinysca Kilburn 1970 H92
              |    `--C. granulosa (Krauss 1848) [incl. Monilea spuria Gould 1861] H92
              |--Microcheilus Kittl 1894 (see below for synonymy) KC60
              |    `--*M. brauni (Klipstein 1845) [=Cochlearia brauni, *Pseudocochlearia brauni] KC60
              |--Scaevola Gemmellaro 1879 KC60
              |    `--*S. intermedia Gemmellaro 1879 KC60
              |--Ilaira Adams & Adams 1854 [incl. Liotiaxis Iredale 1936] KC60
              |    `--*I. evoluta (Reeve 1843) [=Delphinula evoluta] KC60
              |--Nemrac Clark & Durham 1946 KC60
              |    `--*N. carmenensis Clark & Durham 1946 KC60
              |--Pareuchelus Boettger 1907 KC60
              |    `--*P. excellens (Boettger 1907) [=Euchelus (*Pareuchelus) excellens] KC60
              |--Chunula Thiele 1925 KC60
              |    `--*C. typica Thiele 1925 KC60
              |--Coronadoa Bartsch 1946 KC60
              |    `--*C. simonsae Bartsch 1946 KC60
              |--Tasmocrossea Dell 1952 KC60
              |    `--*T. benthicola Dell 1952 KC60
              |--Zalipais Iredale 1915 KC60
              |    `--*Z. lissa (Suter 1908) KC60 [=Cyclostrema lissa KC60, Delphinoidea lissa F27a]
              |         |--Z. l. lissa F27a
              |         `--Z. l. parva Finlay 1924 F27a
              |--Cyclostrema Marryatt 1818 BR05 [incl. Pseudoliotina Cossmann 1925 KC60]
              |    |--*C. cancellatum Marryat 1818 KC60
              |    |--C. baldridgae Bartsch 1911 O27
              |    |--C. diegensis Bartsch 1907 O27
              |    |--C. miranda Bartsch 1911 O27
              |    `--‘Liotia’ sensuyi Vidal 1921 [=*Pseudoliotina sensuyi] KC60
              |--Munditia Finlay 1927 KC60
              |    |--*M. tryphenensis (Powell 1926) [=Liotina tryphenensis] F27a
              |    |--M. australis [=Liotia australis] F27a
              |    |--M. serrata (Suter 1908) [=Liotia serrata, Angaria serrata] F27a
              |    |--M. subquadrata [=Liotia subquadrata] F27a
              |    |--M. suteri (Mestayer 1919) [=Liotia suteri] F27a
              |    `--M. tasmanica [=Liotia tasmanica] F27a
              |--Arene Adams & Adams 1854 MASC88, BR05
              |    |  i. s.: A. adusta McLean 1970 BC01
              |    |         A. cookeana (Dall 1918) [=Liotia (Arene) cookeana] O27
              |    |         A. echinata McLean 1970 BC01
              |    |         A. guttata McLean 1970 BC01
              |    |--*A. (Arene) cruentata (Mühlfeld 1824) [=Turbo cruentatus] KC60
              |    `--A. (Marevalvata Olsson & Harbison 1953) KC60
              |         `--A. (*M.) tricarinata (Stearns 1872) [=Architectonica tricarinata] KC60
              |--Macrarene Hertlein & Strong 1951 MASC88
              |    |--*M. californica (Dall 1908) [=Liotia californica] MASC88
              |    |--M. cookeana (Dall 1908) MASC88
              |    |--M. diegensis McLean 1964 MASC88
              |    |--M. digitata McLean, Absalão & dos Santos Cruz 1988 MASC88
              |    |--M. farallonensis (Smith 1952) MASC88
              |    |--M. lepidotera McLean 1970 MASC88
              |    `--M. spectabilospina Shasky 1970 MASC88
              `--Liotina Fischer 1885 MASC88
                   |  i. s.: L. affinis [=Liotia affinis] F27a
                   |         L. imperforata (Cossmann & Pisaro 1909) (see below for synonymy) F27b
                   |         L. peronii (Kiener 1839) F27a, H09 [=Delphinula peronii H09, Liotia peronii F27a]
                   |--*L. (Liotina) gervillei (Defrance 1818) [=Delphinula gervillei] KC60
                   |--L. (Globarene Iredale 1929) KC60
                   |    `--L. (*G.) cidaris (Reeve 1843) [=Delphinula cidaris] KC60
                   `--L. (Liotinaria Habe 1955) KC60
                        `--L. (*L.) solidula (Gould 1859) [=Liotia solidula] KC60

*Austroliotia botanica (Hedley 1915) KC60 [=Liotia botanica KC60, Liotina (*Austroliotia) botanica KC60, Munditia botanica F27a]

*Dentarene sarcina Iredale 1929 KC60 [=Liotina (*Dentarene) sarcina Kc60, Delphinula crenata Kiener 1839 non Sowerby 1833 KC60, Liotia crenata H09]

Eulithidium typicum (Dall 1908) [=Phasianela (Eulithidium) typica, Eucosmia variegata Carpenter 1864 non P. variegata Lamarck 1822] O27

Liotina imperforata (Cossmann & Pisaro 1909) [=Liotia (Liotina) imperforata non Pseudoliotia imperforata Suter 1908 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.)] F27b

Microcheilus Kittl 1894 [=Microchilus Cossmann 1895 non Blanchard 1851, Pseudocochlearia Cossmann 1895; incl. Pseudocochlearella Wenz 1944] KC60

Phasianella Lamarck 1804 BR05 [=Bolina Rafinesque 1815 KC60, Eutropia Humphrey ex Gray 1847 KC60, BR05, Orthopnoea Gistel 1847 KC60, Phasianus de Montfort 1810 non Linnaeus 1758 KC60; incl. Mimelenchus Iredale 1924 KC60, Orthomesus Pilsbry 1888 KC60; Eutropiidae, Eutropiinae, Eutropina, Phasianellinae]

*Phasianella australis (Gmelin 1791) [=Buccinum australe, *Bolina australis, *Eutropia australis, *Orthopnoea australis, *Phasianus australis] KC60

Tegula (Omphalius) mariana (Dall 1919) [=Omphalius marianus; incl. O. coronatus Pilsbry 1889 non Adams 1852, O. turbinatus Pease 1869 non Adams 1851] O27

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B79] Batten, R. L. 1979. Gastropods from Perak, Malaysia. Part 2. The trochids, patellids and neritids. American Museum Novitates 2685: 1-26.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B. & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1-170.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320-485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488-533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H92] Herbert, D. G. 1992. Revision of the Umboniinae in southern Africa and Mozambique (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Trochidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 33 (2): 379-459.

[J49] Johnson, R. I. 1949. Jesse Wedgwood Mighels with a bibliography and a catalogue of his species. Occasional Papers on Mollusks 1 (14): 213-231.

[KC60] Knight, J. B., L. R. Cox, A. M. Keen, R. L. Batten, E. L. Yochelson & R. Robertson. 1960. Gastropoda: systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt I. Mollusca 1: Mollusca—General Features, Scaphopoda, Amphineura, Monoplacophora, Gastropoda—General Features, Archaeogastropoda and some (mainly Paleozoic) Caenogastropoda and Opisthobranchia, pp. I169-I331. Geological Society of America, and University of Kansas Press.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In The Archipelago of the Recherche (J. M. Willis, ed.) pp. 55-63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MASC88] McLean, J. H., R. S. Absalão & R. L. dos Santos Cruz. 1988. A new species of Macrarene (Turbinidae: Liotiinae) from Brazil. Nautilus 102 (3): 99-101.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[PE02] Pan, H.-Z., & D. H. Erwin. 2002. Gastropods from the Permian of Guangxi and Yunnan Provinces, south China. Journal of Paleontology 76 (Memoir 56): 1-49.

[SEW95] Steinberg, P. D., J. A. Estes & F. C. Winter. 1995. Evolutionary consequences of food chain length in kelp forest communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 92: 8145-8148.

[TE01] Tong, J., & D. H. Erwin. 2001. Triassic gastropods of the southern Qinling Mountains, China. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 92: 1-47.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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