Paratype of Triphora osclausum, copyright Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

Belongs within: Ptenoglossa.

The Triphoridae is a group of small marine gastropods including predators of sponges.

Characters (from Keoki & Yuko Stender): Small shells with beaded spirals, tall spires; distinctive anterior & posterior siphonal canals. Commonly sinistral.

Triphoridae [Triforidae, Triphorina]
    |--Iniforis Jousseaume 1884 [Iniforinae] BR05
    |    |--I. carmelae Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
    |    |--I. immaculata Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
    |    `--I. pseudothomae Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1993 BC01
    |--Metaxia Monterosato 1884 [Metaxiinae] BR05
    |    |--*M. rugulosa [=Cerithiopsis rugulosa] O27
    |    |--M. diadema Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |--M. espinosai Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1992 BC01
    |    `--M. incerta Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
    `--Triphorinae BR05
         |--Mastonia Hinds 1843 [Mastoniinae] BR05
         `--Triphora Blainville 1828 [=Triforis (l. c.), Triphoris (l. c.)] BR05
              |--T. cornuta Hervier 1897 H09
              |--T. corrugata Hinds 1843 H09
              |--T. dolicha Watson 1886 [=Triforis dolicha] H09
              |--T. excelsior Melvill & Standen 1899 [=Triforis excelsior] H09
              |--T. funebris Jousseaume 1884 H09
              |--T. gigas Hinds 1843 H09
              |--T. labiata Adams 1851 H09
              |--T. martii Rolán & Fernándes-Garcés 1995 BC01
              |--T. osclausum Rolán & Fernándes-Garcés 1995 BC01
              |--T. planata Tenison-Woods 1879 F71
              |--T. rubra Hinds 1843 H09
              |--T. rufula Watson 1886 [=Triforis rufula] H09
              |--T. sulcata Tenison-Woods 1878 F71
              |--T. violacea (Quoy & Gaimard 1834) [=Cerithium violaceum] H09
              `--T. wilkinsoni [incl. T. wilkinsoni var. psila Tenison-Woods 1879] F71

Triphoridae incertae sedis:
  Notosinister Finlay 1927 F27
    |--N. (Notosinister) F27
    |    |--*N. (N.) fascelina (Suter 1908) [=Triphora fascelina] F27
    |    |--N. (N.) ampulla (Hedley 1902) F27
    |    |--N. (N.) aoteaensis (Marshall & Murdoch 1920) F27
    |    |--N. (N.) fasciata [=Triphora fasciata] F27
    |    |--N. (N.) granifera [=Triphora granifera] F27
    |    |--N. (N.) infelix (Webster 1906) [=Triphora infelix] F27
    |    |--N. (N.) innotabilis [=Triphora innotabilis] F27
    |    `--N. (N.) tribulationis [=Triphora tribulationis] F27
    |--N. (Cautor Finlay 1927) F27
    |    |--N. (*C.) lutea (Suter 1908) [=Triphora lutea] F27
    |    `--N. (C.) obliqua [=Triphora obliqua] F27
    `--N. (Teretriphora Finlay 1927) F27
         |--N. (*T.) huttoni (Suter 1908) [=Triphora huttoni] F27
         |--N. (T.) angasi [=Triphora angasi] F27
         |--N. (T.) gemmigens [=Triphora gemmigens] F27
         `--N. (T.) kesteveni (Hedley 1903) F27, H09 [=Triphora kesteveni F27]
  Aclophora sagei Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1995 BC01
  Cheirodonta BC01
    |--C. apexcrassum Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
    `--C. decollate Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
  Isotriphora taenialba Rolán & Espinosa 1994 BC01
  Marshallora BC01
    |--M. bubistae Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
    |--M. gutta Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
    |--M. mariangelae Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01
    `--M. nichupte Rolán & Crúz-Ábrego 1995 BC01
  Monophorus BC01
    |--M. ateralbus Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 1994 BC01
    |--M. fascelina HS01
    `--M. verdensis Fernandes & Rolán 1988 BC01

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B. & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1-170.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320-485.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1-167.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45-80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. II. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

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