Tornidae

Teinostoma qualum, from Hedley 1896-1900.


Belongs within: Littorinimorpha.

The Tornidae are a group of small marine gastropods, most of which have a moderate to low conical shell with a widely open umbilicus (Seashells of NSW).

<==Tornidae [Tornoidea, Vitrinellidae]
    |  i. s.: ‘Cyclostrema’ bushi Dautzenberg & Fischer 1907 BM88
    |--*Pleuromalaxis balesi (Pilsbry & McGinty 1945) BM88
    |--Parviturboides interruptus (Adams 1850) BM88
    |--Vitridomus Pilsbry & Olsson 1945 BM88
    |--Anticlimax decorata Rolán, Fernández-Garcés & Rubio 1997 BC01
    |--Vitrinorbis arabscripta Rolán & Rubio 1996 BC01
    |--Scissilabra Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    `--*S. dalli Bartsch 1907 O27
    |--Pseudoliotia Tate 1898 BM88
    |    `--P. clathrata M54
    |--Tomura BM88
    |    |--*T. bicaudata (Pilsbry & McGinty 1946) BM88
    |    `--T. abscondita Rolán & Rubio 1999 BC01
    |--Scrupus Finlay 1927 BM88
    |    |--*S. hyalinus [=Fossarus hyalinus] F27a
    |    |--S. marmoratus (Hedley 1907) [=Cithna marmorata] F27a
    |    `--S. minutus (Michaud 1827) F27a, F27b [=Fossarus minutus F27a]
    |--Cochliolepis BM88
    |    |--*C. parasitica Stimpson 1858 BM88
    |    |--C. albicerata Ponder 1966 BM88
    |    `--C. reductus Rolán & Rubio 1990 BC01
    |--Tornus Turton in Turton & Kingston 1830 [incl. Adeorbis Wood 1842; Adeorbidae, Torninae] BR05
    |    |--*T. subcarinatus (Montagu 1803) [=*Adeorbis subcarinatus] BM88
    |    |--‘Adeorbis’ acuticarinata Tenison-Woods 1878 F71
    |    |--‘Adeorbis’ aster Tenison-Woods 1878 F71
    |    |--T. meyeri Finlay 1927 [=Adeorbis laevis Meyer 1917 non Johnston 1880] F27b
    |    `--‘Adeorbis’ plana Sowerby 1864 H09
    |--Circulus Jeffreys 1865 [Circulidae, Circulinae] BR05
    |    |--C. striatus (Philippi 1836) (see below for synonymy) BM88
    |    |--C. cosmius Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |--C. inornatus Marshall 1919 F27a
    |    |--C. philippii (Cantraine 1842) [=Solarium philippii] KC60
    |    |--C. rossellinus Dall 1919 O27
    |    `--C. texanus (Moore 1965) [=Vitrinella texana, Vitridomus texana] BM88
    |--Cyclostremiscus Pilsbry & Olsson 1945 [incl. Ponocyclus Pilsbry 1953] BM88
    |    |--*C. panamensis (Adams 1852) [=Vitrinella panamensis] BM88
    |    |--‘Cyclostrema’ angulata Adams 1850 BM88
    |    |--C. beauii (Fischer 1857) (see below for synonymy) BM88
    |    |--C. gordana Hertlein & Strong 1951 BM88
    |    |--C. major Olsson & Smith 1951 BM88
    |    `--C. pentagonus (Gabb 1837) [incl. Circulus trilix (Bush 1885)] BM88
    |--Macromphalina BC01
    |    |--M. apexplanum Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    |--M. canarreos Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    |--M. garcesi Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    |--M. jibacoa Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    |--M. paradoxa Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    |--M. redferni Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |    `--M. robertsoni Rolán & Rubio 1998 BC01
    |--Vitrinella Adams 1850 BR05 [incl. Starkeyna P95; Vitrinellinae BR05]
    |    |  i. s.: V. alaskensis Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |         V. eshnauri Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |         V. oldroydi Bartsch 1907 O27
    |    |         V. politurae Rolán & Rubio 1999 BC01
    |    |         V. praecox Pilsbry & McGinty 1946 BM88
    |    |         V. williamsoni Dall 1892 O27
    |    |--*V. (Vitrinella) helicoidea Adams 1850 BM88
    |    `--V. (Docomphala Bartsch 1907) O27
    |         |--V. (D.) berryi Bartsch 1907 O27
    |         |--V. (D.) columbiana Bartsch 1921 O27
    |         |--V. (D.) smithi Bartsch 1927 O27
    |         `--V. (D.) stearnsii Bartsch 1907 O27
    `--Teinostoma Adams & Adams 1853 BR05 (see below for synonymy)
         |--*T. politum O27
         |--‘Ethalia’ africana Smith 1904 H92
         |--T. bibbiana Dall 1919 O27
         |--T. carinacallus Pilsbry & McGinty 1946 BM88
         |--T. ciskae Faber 1995 [=T. millepunctata Usticke 1969 non T. millepunctatum Pilsbry & Olsson 1945] BC01
         |--T. fernandesi Rubio & Rolán 1990 BC01
         |--T. invallata Carpenter 1864 [=Ethalia invallata] O27
         |--T. involutum Hedley 1902 H09
         |--T. lerema Pilsbry & McGinty 1945 BM88
         |--T. oppletum Hedley 1898 H09
         |--T. orbitum Hedley 1900 H09
         |--T. parvicallum Pilsbry & McGinty 1945 BM88
         |--T. qualum Hedley 1899 H09
         |--T. salvania Dall 1919 O27
         |--T. sapiella Dall 1919 O27
         |--T. supravallata O27
         `--T. vestum Hedley 1901 H09

Circulus striatus (Philippi 1836) [=Valvata striata; incl. Delphinula duminyi Requien 1848, *Circulus duminyi, Trochus duminyi] BM88

Cyclostremiscus beauii (Fischer 1857) [=Adeorbis beauii, Cyclostrema beani (l. c.), Cyclostremiscus (*Ponocyclus) beauii, Vitrinella (Solariorbis) beaui; incl. Cyclostrema bicarinata Guppy 1866, Adeorbis beaui var. bicarinata, Circulus bicarinatus, Cyclostremiscus (Ponocyclus) beaui bicarinatus, Ci. stirophorus Smith 1937, Skenea sulcata Bush in Simpson 1887 (n. n.)] BM88

Teinostoma Adams & Adams 1853 BR05 [=Tinostoma Fischer 1885 BR05; incl. Calceolina F27a, Pseudorotella F27a; Teinostomatinae, Tinostomatinae]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM88] Bieler, R. & P. M. Mikkelsen. 1988. Anatomy and reproductive biology of two western Atlantic species of Vitrinellidae, with a case of protandrous hermaphroditism in the Rissoacea. Nautilus 102 (1): 1-29.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, J. Frýda, B. Hausdorf, W. Ponder, Á. Valdés & A. Warén. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1-2): 1-397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B. & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1-170.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320-485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488-533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1-167.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H92] Herbert, D. G. 1992. Revision of the Umboniinae in southern Africa and Mozambique (Mollusca: Prosobranchia: Trochidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 33 (2): 379-459.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In The Archipelago of the Recherche (J. M. Willis, ed.) pp. 55-63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[O27] Oldroyd, I. S. 1927. The Marine Shells of the West Coast of North America vol. II, pt. III. Stanford University Press: Stanford University (California).

[P95] Ponder, W. F. 1995. Book review: Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Parts 1 and 2. Molluscan Research 16: 97-102.

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