Gracilispira novaezelandiae, copyright Joop Trausel and Frans Slieker.

Belongs within: Muricoidea.
Contains: Oliva.

The Olividae, olives, are a family of burrowing, predatory gastropods found in warm waters, with a large and muscular head and foot. True olives of the subfamily Olivinae have highly glossy, solid shells with a cylindrical shape, low spire, and a long narrow aperture with several columellar plaits, and without an operculum. Members of the subfamily Ancillariinae have a thinner, less glossy shell, usually with a wider aperture and higher spire, and sometimes with a small operculum (Wilson & Gillett 1971). Vanpalmeria is a Palaeocene genus with a biconic shell covered by several layers of feltlike calcite.

<==Olividae [Fissipedia, Olivaria]
    |  i. s.: Eburna Lamarck 1801 [Eburninae] K96
    |           `--E. spirata F66
    |         Ancillista Iredale 1936 WG71
    |           |--A. cingulata (Sowerby 1830) MG-H11
    |           `--A. velesiana Iredale 1936 WG71
    |         Gemmoliva Iredale 1924 DK08
    |           `--G. adelaidae (Tate 1889) [=Oliva adelaidae] DK08
    |--Vanpalmeria Adegoke 1977 [Vanpalmeriidae, Vanpalmeriinae] BR05
    |--Olivinae BR05
    |    |--‘Dactylus’ Adams & Adams 1853 non Schumacher 1817 [Dactylidae, Dactylinae] BR05
    |    |--Agaronia Gray 1839 [Agaroniinae] BR05
    |    |--Oliva BR05
    |    `--Olivancillaria d’Orbigny 1839 [Olivancillariidae] BR05
    |         `--O. urceus (Röding 1798) S11
    `--Ancillariinae [Ancillarinae, Ancillidae, Ancillinae] BR05
         |--Ancillaria Lamarck 1811 BR05
         |    `--A. semilaevis Tenison-Woods 1878 F71
         |--Gracilispira Olson 1956 P61
         |    |--*G. novaezelandiae (Sowerby 1859) P61 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |    |--G. n. novaezelandiae P61
         |    |    |--G. n. benthicola (Dell 1956) [=Baryspira (Gracilispira) novaezelandiae benthicola] P61
         |    |    `--G. n. crystallina (Brookes 1926) P61 [=Ancilla crystallina F27, B. (Pinguispira) crystallina F27]
         |    |--G. albanyensis (Ninomiya 1987) [=Amalda (Gracilispira) albanyensis] BC01
         |    `--G. ligata (Tate 1889) [=Ancillaria ligata] DK08
         |--Ancilla Lamarck 1799 BR05
         |    |  i. s.: A. candida F27
         |    |         A. cingulata (Sowerby 1830) [=Ancillaria cingulata] H09
         |    |         A. cinnamomea [incl. Voluta ampla] F27
         |    |         A. elongata (Gray 1847) [=Ancillaria elongata] H09
         |    |         A. oblonga (Sowerby 1830) [=Ancillaria oblonga] H09
         |    |         A. similis (Sowerby 1859) [=Ancillaria similis] H09
         |    |         A. subgradata F27
         |    |         A. tatei Marwick 1924 F27
         |    |         A. tricolor (Gray 1847) [=Ancillaria tricolor] H09
         |    `--A. (Sparella Gray 1857) BC01
         |         `--A. (S.) boschi Kilburn 1980 BC01
         `--Amalda Adams & Adams 1853 K96
              |  i. s.: A. albocallosa (Lischke 1873) K96
              |         A. australis HS01
              |         A. coccinata Kilburn 1980 MG-H11
              |         A. danilai Kilburn 1996 K96
              |         A. depressa HS01
              |         A. elongata Gray 1847 WG71
              |         A. hilgendorfi (von Martens 1897) K96
              |         A. jenneri Kilburn 1977 BC01
              |         A. lemaitrei Kilburn 1977 BC01
              |         A. mamillata (Hinds 1844) K96
              |         A. nitida (Wanner & Hahn 1935) [=Ancilla nitida] K96
              |         A. rubiginosa (Swainson 1825) (see below for synonymy) K96
              |         A. trippneri Kilburn 1996 K96
              |--A. (Alocospira Cossmann 1899) BC01, K96
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (*A.) papillata [=Ancilla papillata] F27
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (A.) hebera (Hutton 1873) [=Ancilla hebera] F27
              |    |--‘Alocospira’ marginata Lamarck 1811 WG71
              |    |--‘Alocospira’ monilifera Reeve 1864 WG71
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (A.) subhebera (Marwick 1926) [=Ancilla subhebera] F27
              |    `--A. (A.) zeigleri Ninomiya 1987 BC01
              |--A. (Baryspira) BC01
              |    |--*Baryspira’ (B.) australis P61 [=Ancillaria australis P61, Ancilla australis F27]
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) bathami Dell 1956 P61
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) cincta (Marshall 1918) [=Ancilla cincta] F27
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) mucronata (Sowerby 1830) P61 [=Ancilla mucronata F27]
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) robusta (Marwick 1924) [=Ancilla robusta] F27
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) spinigera (Marshall 1918) [=Ancilla spinigera] F27
              |    |--‘Baryspira’ (B.) tirangiensis (Marwick 1926) [=Ancilla tirangiensis] F27
              |    |--A. (B.) utopica Ninomiya 1987 BC01
              |    `--‘Baryspira’ (B.) waikaiaensis (Finlay 1926) [=Ancilla waikaiaensis] F27
              `--‘Baryspira’ (Pinguispira Finlay 1927) F27
                   |--B. (*P.) opima (Marwick 1924) [=Ancilla (Baryspira) opima] F27
                   |--B. (P.) depressa (Sowerby 1859) P61 [=Ancilla depressa F27]
                   |--B. (P.) lata (Hutton 1885) [=Ancilla lata] F27
                   |--B. (P.) morgani (Allan 1926) [=Ancilla morgani] F27
                   |--B. (P.) southlandica Fleming 1948 P61
                   `--B. (P.) waikopiroensis (Suter 1917) [=Ancilla waikopiroensis] F27

Amalda rubiginosa (Swainson 1825) [=Ancillaria rubiginosa, Ancilla rubiginosa, Baryspira rubiginosa; incl. Amalda (Alocospira) hayashii Ninomiya 1988] K96

*Gracilispira novaezelandiae (Sowerby 1859) P61 [=Ancillaria novaezelandiae P61, Ancilla novaezelandiae F27, Baryspira (Alocospira) novaezelandiae F27]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[F66] Fraser, L. 1866. Communication of a list of mollusks collected by R. Swinhoe, Esq., in Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 146.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[K96] Kilburn, R. N. 1996. Two new species of Amalda from the Saya de Malha Bank (Gastropoda: Olividae: Ancillinae). Molluscan Research 17: 21–25.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

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