Phlaeothripini

Female Neurothrips magnafemoralis, from Thrips of California 2012.


Belongs within: Phlaeothripidae.
Contains: Macrophthalmothrips, Acanthothrips, Adraneothrips, Hoplandrothrips, Malacothrips.

The Phlaeothripini as recognised by Priesner (1960) is an assemblage of fairly generalised thrips; as such, it is probably of questionable monophyly. Similarly, the subtribe Phlaeothripina was distinguished only by its lack of the features of other subtribes, such as the bent or kinked wings, rough sculpture and anteriorly-extended head of most Stictothripina.

Characters (from Priesner 1960): Cheeks often bearing small seta-bearing papillae, though these may be rudimentary or absent; cheeks often bearing a pair of spines in the basal third. Mouth cone usually, but not always, pointed. Maxillary stylets usually closely approximated at the midline. Eyes usually large, oval. Wing of even width or very slightly narrowed, rarely constricted. Body bristles, even those at the front corners of the prothorax, usually well developed, usually capitate. Femora and/or tibiae often with tooth formation in one or both sexes. Body surface often finely reticulate. Phallus usually haplothripoid.

<==Phlaeothripini [Acanthothripini] P60
    |--Thilakothrips [Thilakothripina] P60
    |--Macrophthalmothrips P60
    |--Aleurodothrips Franklin 1909 MM96 [Aleurodothripina P60]
    |    |--*A. fasciapennis (Franklin 1908) [=Cryptothrips fasciapennis] MM96
    |    `--A. fasciiventris Girault 1927 G27
    |--Stictothripina P60
    |    |--Stictothrips Hood 1925 MM96
    |    |    `--*S. maculatus (Hood 1909) [=Phloeothrips maculatus] MM96
    |    |--Stegothrips Hood 1934 P60, MM96
    |    |    |--*S. barronis Hood 1934 [=Idiothrips (*Stegothrips) barronis] MM96
    |    |    `--S. albiceps Okajima 1976 MM96
    |    |--Strepterothrips Hood 1933 P60, MM96
    |    |    |--*S. conradi Hood 1933 MM96
    |    |    |--S. brasilianus (Hood 1952) [=Arcyothrips brasilianus] MM96
    |    |    |--S. floridanus (Hood 1938) [=Arcyothrips floridanus] MM96
    |    |    `--S. tuberculatus M83
    |    `--Neurothrips Hood 1924 P60, MM96
    |         |--*N. magnafemoralis (Hinds 1902) [=Acanthothrips magnafemoralis] MM96
    |         |--N. allopterus Hood 1938 MM96
    |         |--N. apache Hood 1957 MM96
    |         |--N. frontalis Hood 1952 MM96
    |         |--N. indicus MM96
    |         |--N. punanus Stannard 1957 MM96
    |         `--N. williamsi Hood 1925 MM96
    `--Phlaeothripina P60
         |--Acanthothrips P60
         |--Adraneothrips P60
         |--Bamboosiella P60
         |--Cryptaplothrips P60
         |--Gluphothrips P60
         |--Gynoplothrips P60
         |--Hoplandrothrips P60
         |--Malacothrips P60
         |--Odontinothrips P60
         |--Ormothrips P60
         |--Phlaeobiothrips P60
         |--Pselaphothrips P60
         |--Phlaeothrips Haliday 1836 MM96, GM79
         |    |--*P. coriaceus MM96
         |    `--P. okamatoi (Karny 1913) [=Cryptothrips okamatoi] MP83
         |--Ecacanthothrips P60
         |    |--E. bryanti Bagnall 1915 GM79
         |    `--E. io Girault 1930 G30
         |--Sedulothrips Bagnall 1915 P60, MM96
         |    |--S. vigilans (Hood 1913) (see below for synonymy) MM96
         |    `--S. tristis Hood 1933 MM96
         |--Poecilothrips Uzel 1895 P60, MM96
         |    |--*P. albopictus Uzel 1895 [incl. P. harrisoni, P. lupini, P. ornatus] MM96
         |    |--P. dens (Moulton 1907) [=Trichothrips dens] MM96
         |    `--P. nubilus MM96
         |--Pristothrips Hood 1925 P60, MM96 [incl. Celetothrips Morgan 1929 MM96]
         |    |--*P. aaptus Hood 1925 MM96
         |    |--P. albipunctatus Hood 1925 [incl. *Celetothrips breviceps Morgan 1929, P. peruviensis Hood 1938] MM96
         |    `--P. pollostus Mound & Marullo 1996 MM96
         `--Eupathithrips Bagnall 1908 P60, MM96 (see below for synonymy)
              |--*E. dentipes Bagnall 1908 MM96
              |--E. affinis Bagnall 1915 [incl. E. bagnalli Morgan 1929] MM96
              |--E. atripes Hood 1950 MM96
              |--E. meizon Hood 1955 MM96
              |--E. panscopus Hood 1938 MM96
              `--E. silvestrii (Buffa 1908) (see below for synonymy) MM96

Eupathithrips Bagnall 1908 P60, MM96 [incl. Heterothrips Buffa 1908 non Hood 1908 MM96, Polyommatothrips Buffa 1909 MM96]

Eupathithrips silvestrii (Buffa 1908) [=*Heterothrips silvestrii, *Polyommatothrips silvestrii; incl. Eupathithrips spectator Hood 1934] MM96

Sedulothrips vigilans (Hood 1913) [=Polyommatothrips vigilans; incl. S. brevispinosus Moulton 1933, S. hubbelli Watson 1924, *S. insolens Bagnall 1915, Macrophthalmothrips papantlensis Johansen 1974, S. quichua Hood 1938] MM96

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[G27] Girault, A. A. 1927. A discourse on wild animals. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 216-217).

[G30] Girault, A. A. 1930. New pests from Australia. VIII. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 273-277).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1-400.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[MM96] Mound, L. A., & R. Marullo. 1996. The thrips of Central and South America: an introduction (Insecta: Thysanoptera). Memoirs on Entomology, International 6: 1-487.

[MP83] Mound, L. A. & J. M. Palmer. 1983. The generic and tribal classification of spore-feeding Thysanoptera (Phlaeothripidae: Idolothripinae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Entomology series 46 (1): 1-174.

[P60] Priesner, H. 1960. Das System der Tubulifera (Thysanoptera). Anzeiger der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 13: 283-296.

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