Pancrustacea

Hutchinsoniella macracantha, from here.


Belongs within: Euarthropoda.
Contains: Remipedia, Euthycarcinoidea, Panhexapoda, Phyllocarida, Eumalacostraca, Branchiopoda, Argulidae, Pentastomida, Tantulocarida, Thecostraca, Ostracoda, Mystacocarida, Copepoda.

The clade Pancrustacea includes the modern crustaceans and insects, with the latter a derived subgroup of the former (Regier et al. 2010). This grouping is primarily supported by molecular data; the synapomorphies given below have all become modified in various subclades. Relationships between clades within the Pancrustacea remain debated. One possibility recognises a clade Entomostraca uniting taxa in which the basipods of the post-mandibular limbs are long and fleshy, and drawn out into soft setae-bearing endites medially (Zhang et al. 2007). Most of the familiar crustaceans belong to the Malacostraca, which have an eight-segmented thorax and a six- or seven-segmented abdomen, with both thoracic and abdominal appendages present.

Synapomorphies (from Zhang et al. 2007, for Crustacea and Labrophora): Five limb-bearing head segments; labrum present; paragnaths present; basipod of post-antennular limbs with a movable, seta-bearing endite (the proximal endite); second and third head limbs modified in having a multi-annulated exopod with inward-pointing setae; proximal endite of second limb and third limb (mandible) enlarged to each form a coxa.

Pancrustacea (see below for synonymy)
    |--+--Miracrustacea LSE13
    |  |    |--+--Remipedia RS10
    |  |    |  `--Tanazios LSE13
    |  |    `--+--Euthycarcinoidea LSE13
    |  |       `--Panhexapoda RS10
    |  `--Malacostraca LSE13
    |       |  i. s.: Litopenaeus vannamei TL03
    |       |         Devonocaris S77
    |       |           |--D. cuylerensis (Wells 1957) S77
    |       |           `--D. destinezi (Van Straelen 1943) S77
    |       |--Phyllocarida RS10
    |       `--Eumalacostraca RS10
    `--Entomostraca [Gymnota, Oligostraca, Pneumonura, Pseudopoda] LSE13
         |  i. s.: Ozolus Latreille 1802 L02a
         |           `--*O. gasterostei Latreille 1802 L02b (see below for synonymy)
         |         Amymone L02b
         |           |--A. baccha [=Monoculus bacchus] L02b
         |           |--A. faunus [=A. fauna, Monoculus faunus] L02b
         |           |--A. moenas L02b
         |           |--A. satyrus [=A. satyra, Monoculus satyrus] L02b
         |           |--A. silene [=A. silenus, Monoculus silenus] L02b
         |           `--A. thyas L02b
         |         Nauplius L02b
         |           |--N. bracteatus [=Monoculus bracteatus] L02b
         |           `--N. saltatorius [=Monoculus saltatorius] L02b
         |--+--Yicaris Zhang, Siveter et al. 2007 LSE13, ZS07
         |  |    `--*Y. dianensis Zhang, Siveter et al. 2007 ZS07
         |  `--+--Bredocaris admirabilis LSE13, WD02
         |     `--+--Rehbachiella kinnekullensis Müller 1983 LSE13, B95
         |        `--Branchiopoda LSE13
         `--+--Ichthyostraca LSE13
            |    |--Argulidae RS10
            |    `--Pentastomida RS10
            `--+--+--Tantulocarida LS02
               |  `--Thecostraca LSE13
               `--+--Ostracoda LSE13
                  `--+--Hutchinsoniella Sanders 1955 B95 [Brachypoda, Cephalocarida LSE13, Hutchinsoniellidae]
                     |    `--H. macracantha RS10
                     `--Copepodoida LSE13
                          |--Mystacocarida LSE13
                          `--+--Copepoda LSE13
                             `--Skara annulata Müller 1983 LSE13, B95

Pancrustacea incertae sedis:
  Imocaris tuberculata Schram & Mapes 1984 GT01
  Nippotantulus heteroxenus Huys, Ohtsuka & Boxshall 1994 MA01
  Branchipodites vectensis S02
  Eopteridium Z02
  Neomysis M02
    |--N. americana M02
    `--N. vulgaris CS77
  Perosquilla armata K-MC02
    |--P. a. armata K-MC02
    `--P. a. capensis K-MC02
  Mesosoma Otto 1821 C92
  Mixodiaptomus laciniatus D51
  Pleuroncodes planipes CH97
  Phalangites priscus Münster 1836 D07
  Nematoscolis megalops W81
  Cryptophthalmus Rafinesque 1814 BR05
  Cymodocea Rafinesque 1814 BR05
  ‘Cymodocea’ Leach 1818 nec Rafinesque 1814 nec Lamouroux 1816 BR05
  ‘Dactylopus’ Claus 1862 non Gill 1859 BR05
  Donovania Leach 1814 BR05
  Orientalina Kolosnitsyna 1973 BR05
  Pagodina van Beneden 1853 BR05
  Trichia de Haan 1839 BR05
  ‘Typhis’ Risso 1816 non Montfort 1810 [Typhidae] BR05
  Venilia Rafinesque 1815 BR05
  Fenneropenaeus chinensis DH08
  Limnadella kitei Girard 1854 DS89
  Ischyromene lacazei BBB-S95
  Anatanais robusto BBB-S95
  Anthonema Walther 1904 H75
    `--*A. problematica Walther 1904 H75
  Acherusia Lucas 1846 E12
    `--A. dumerilii Lucas 1846 E12
  Naesea edwardsii Lucas 1846 E12
  Ovalia Latreille in Griffith & Pidgeon 1833 KA-Z11
  Mappates plataxus Rangnekar 1958 S69
  Cycloidea FGS04
    |--Cyclus de Koninck 1841 [incl. Paraprosopon Gemmellaro 1890] FGS04
    `--Oonocarcinus Gemmellaro 1890 FGS04
  Orstenocarida MD01
  Priscansermarinus EL11
  Heymonsicambria EL11
  Macleayia Haswell 1830 HW92
  Pseudalibrotus littoralis CS77
  Hymenodora glacialis CS77

*Ozolus gasterostei Latreille 1802 L02b [incl. Argulus delphini L02b, Monoculus delphinus L02a, M. gyrini L02b]

Pancrustacea [Altocrustacea, Communostraca, Crustacea, Crustaceanomorpha, Eucrustacea, Maxillopoda, Multicrustacea, Tetraconata, Vericrustacea, Xenocarida]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

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[FGS04] Feldmann, R. M., A. A. Garassino & C. E. Schweitzer. 2004. The presumed decapod, Palaeopemphix Gemmellaro, 1890, is a unique member of the Phyllocarida (Palaeopemphicida: Palaeopemphidae). Journal of Palaeontology 78: 340–348.

[GT01] Guinot, D., & M. Tavares. 2001. Une nouvelle famille de crabes du Crétacé, et la notion de Podotremata Guinot, 1977 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Zoosystema 23 (3): 507–546.

[H75] Häntzschel, W. 1975. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt W. Miscellanea Suppl. 1. Trace Fossils and Problematica 2nd ed. The Geological Society of America: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[HW92] Houston, W. W. K., & T. A. Weir. 1992. Melolonthinae. In: Houston, W. W. K. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 9. Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea pp. 174–358. AGPS Press: Canberra.

[K-MC02] Klein-MacPhee, G., & B. B. Collette. 2002. Scorpionfishes. Family Scorpaenidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 331–338. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[KA-Z11] Kury, A. B., & M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga. 2011. Addenda and corrigenda to the "Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)". Zootaxa 3034: 47–68.

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[L02a] Latreille, P. A. 1802a. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L02b] Latreille, P. A. 1802b. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 4. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LSE13] Legg, D. A., M. D. Sutton & G. D. Edgecombe. 2013. Arthropod fossil data increase congruence of morphological and molecular phylogenies. Nature Communications 4: 2485.

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[MA01] Martínez Arbizu, P. 2001. Psammocyclopinidae fam. n., a new monophyletic group of marine Cyclopoida (Copepoda, Crustacea), with the description of Psammocyclopina georgei sp. n. from the Magellan region. Revista Bras. Zool. 18 (4): 1325–1339.

[M02] Munroe, T. A. 2002. Herrings. Family Clupeidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 111–160. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

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[W81] Watson, L. 1981. Sea Guide to Whales of the World. Hutchinson: London.

[ZS07] Zhang, X.-G., D. J. Siveter, D. Waloszek & A. Maas. 2007. An epipodite-bearing crown-group crustacean from the Lower Cambrian. Nature 449: 595–598.

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Ecological history of the terrestrial insects. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 331–388. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

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