American oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus with chicks, photographed by Bear Golden Retriever.

Belongs within: Charadriiformes.

The Haematopodidae include the oystercatchers, a cosmopolitan group of primarily coastal birds that feed in loose flocks. Oystercatchers have black and white or all black plumage, a very long, straight reddish bill, a squat body and pinkish-red legs (Heather & Robertson 1996).

<==Haematopodidae [Ostralegidae]
    |--Paractiornis perpusillus FP64
    `--Haematopus Linnaeus 1758 [incl. Ostralega Brisson 1760; Haematopodinae] B94
         |  i. s.: H. fuliginosus Gould 1845 [incl. H. unicolor bernieri Mathews 1912] WS48
         |           |--H. f. fuliginosus M03
         |           `--H. f. ophthalmicus M03
         |         H. longirostris (Vieillot 1817) HWT01, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
         |         H. meadewaldoi [=H. ostralegus meadewaldoi] CG99
         |         H. moquini CG99
         |--+--H. leucopodus JT12
         |  `--+--H. ater Vieillot & Oudart 1825 JT12, ME04
         |     `--+--H. bachmani JT12
         |        `--H. palliatus JT12
         `--+--H. ostralegus Linnaeus 1758 JT12, WS48
            `--+--H. chathamensis Hartert 1927 JT12, WH02
               `--+--H. finschi Martens 1897 JT12, WH02 [=H. ostralegus finschi HR96]
                  `--H. unicolor Forster 1844 JT12, WH02 [incl. H. reischeki FST81]

Haematopus longirostris (Vieillot 1817) HWT01, WS48 [=H. ostralegus longirostris WS48; incl. H. picatus Vigors 1827 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[CG99] Carlton, J. T., J. B. Geller, M. L. Reaka-Kudla & E. A. Norse. 1999. Historical extinctions in the sea. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 30: 315-338.

[FST81] Falla, R. A., R. B. Sibson & E. G. Turbott. 1981. Collins Guide to the Birds of New Zealand and Outlying Islands 2nd ed. with addenda. Collins: Auckland.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[HR96] Heather, B. D., & H. A. Robertson. 1996. The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Viking: Auckland.

[HWT01] Holdaway, R. N., T. H. Worthy & A. J. D. Tennyson. 2001. A working list of breeding bird species of the New Zealand region at first human contact. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 28: 119-187.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[ME04] Mayr, G., & P. G. P. Ericson. 2004. Evidence for a sister group relationship between the Madagascan mesites (Mesitornithidae) and the cuckoos (Cuculidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 84 (1-2): 1-17.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

[WH02] Worthy, T. H., & R. N. Holdaway. 2002. The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric life of New Zealand. Indiana University Press: Bloomington (Indiana).

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