Large fig-parrot Psittaculirostris desmarestii, photographed by Tomasz Doroń.

Belongs within: Psittacidae.

The genera Psittaculirostris and Cyclopsitta include the fig parrots, small short-tailed parrots found in rainforest canopy in New Guinea and north-eastern Australia. Members of this group share a distinctive morphology of the hypotarsus, with the canals for the deep flexor tendons fused, and the superficial tendons situated in a nearly closed, deep sulcus (Mayr & Göhlich 2004).

Psittaculirostris Gray & Gray 1859 B94 [Cyclopsittacini MG04, Psittaculirostrini]
    |  i. s.: P. salvadorii RN72
    |--P. edwardsii JT12 [=P. salvadorii edwardeii RN72]
    `--+--P. desmarestii JT12
       |    |--P. d. desmarestii RN72
       |    |--P. d. blythi RN72
       |    |--P. d. cervicalis RN72
       |    |--P. d. godmani RN72
       |    `--P. d. occidentalis RN72
       `--Cyclopsitta Sundevall 1872 JT12, B94
            |--C. diophthalma MG04
            |    |--C. d. diophthalma M03
            |    |--C. d. coxeni M03
            |    |--C. d. macleayana M03
            |    `--C. d. marshalli M03
            `--C. gulielmitertii JT12

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[MG04] Mayr, G., & U. B. Göhlich. 2004. A new parrot from the Miocene of Germany, with comments on the variation of hypotarsus morphology in some Psittaciformes. Belgian Journal of Zoology 134: 476-54.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds.) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 2. Blandford Press: London.

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