Common kingfisher Alcedo atthis, photographed by Andreas Trepte.

Belongs within: Alcedinidae.

The Alcedininae includes the river kingfishers, found in the tropical and northern temperate regions of the Old World. These are relatively small, insectivorous and piscivorous kingfishers with narrow bills.

<==Alcedininae B94
    |--Ispidina Kaup 1848 [Ispidininae] B94
    `--Alcedo Linnaeus 1758 M02 [incl. Ceyx Lacépède 1799 B94; Ceycinae]
         |  i. s.: A. bengalensis S89
         |         A. caeruleocephala D66
         |         A. ispida [=A. atthis ispida] B94
         |         ‘Ceyx’ tridactyla S89
         |--+--+--‘Ceyx’ lecontei JT12
         |  |  `--‘Ceyx’ pictus JT12
         |  `--+--‘Ceyx’ madagascariensis JT12
         |     `--+--A. leucogaster JT12
         |        `--+--A. cristata (Pallas 1764) JT12, S05 [incl. A. cyanostigma Rüppell 1837 S05]
         |           `--A. vintsioides JT12
         `--+--+--A. euryzona JT12
            |  `--+--+--A. hercules JT12
            |     |  `--A. meninting JT12
            |     `--+--+--A. atthis (Linnaeus 1758) JT12, M02 [=Gracula atthis M02]
            |        |  `--A. coerulescens JT12
            |        `--+--A. quadribrachys JT12
            |           `--A. semitorquata JT12
            `--+--‘Ceyx’ fallax JT12
               |    |--C. f. fallax R02
               |    `--C. f. sangirensis R02
               `--+--+--A. pusilla JT12 [incl. A. pusilla halmaherae J06]
                  |  |    |--A. p. pusilla M03
                  |  |    |--A. p. halli M03
                  |  |    `--A. p. ramsayi M03
                  |  `--+--A. azurea (Latham 1801) JT12, WS48 (see below for synonymy)
                  |     |    |--A. a. azurea M03
                  |     |    |--A. a. diemenensis M03
                  |     |    `--A. a. ruficollaris M03
                  |     `--A. websteri JT12
                  `--+--‘Ceyx’ melanurus JT12
                     `--+--+--‘Ceyx’ erithaca JT12
                        |  `--‘Ceyx’ rufidorsa JT12
                        `--+--‘Ceyx’ lepidus JT12
                           `--+--A. argentata JT12
                              `--A. cyanopectus JT12

Alcedo azurea (Latham 1801) JT12, WS48 [=Ceyx azureus WS48; incl. Alcyone azurea alisteri Mathews 1912 WS48]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1-281.

[D66] Dohrn, H. 1866. Synopsis of the birds of Ilha do Principe, with some remarks on their habits and descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 324-332.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444-448.

[J06] Johnstone, R. E. 2006. The birds of Gag Island, Western Papuan islands, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 115-132.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[R02] Riley, J. 2002. Population sizes and the status of endemic and restricted-range bird species on Sangihe Island, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 12: 53-78.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX. – Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a 7: 369-438.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233-264.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M. & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1-126.

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