Platygastroidea

Female Platygastoides, from CSIRO.


Belongs within: Proctotrupomorpha.

The Platygastroidea are a clade of small wasps that begin life as parasitoids of insect and spider eggs (though some may not emerge from the host until it has reached a more advanced stage of development). They are characterised by a unique telescoping ovipositor mechanism, and the presence of basiconic sensilla (presumably secretory) on the ventral surface of the first flagellomeres of the antennal clavus (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). The venation of the wings is reduced, particularly in the Platygastridae whose forwings have only a knobbed submarginal vein or lack veins entirely.

<==Platygastroidea
    |  i. s.: Paleogryon musesebecki GE05
    |         Archaeoteleia mellea MH11
    |         Nixonia watshami MH11
    |         Proplatygaster MH11
    |         Aphanomerus MH11
    |         Synopeas MH11
    |--Platygastridae GE05
    |    |--Platygaster B88
    |    |--Inostemma B88
    |    |    |--I. boscii A71
    |    |    `--I. piricola A71
    |    |--Platygastoides G25
    |    |    |--P. latus Girault 1925 G25
    |    |    |--P. magnus Girault 1926 G26
    |    |    `--P. nitidus G25
    |    `--Piestopleura canariensis Buhl 2005 F05
    `--Scelionidae GE05
         |  i. s.: ‘Coelocyba’ musila Fernando 1957 B88
         |         Baeus dux Girault 1933 M83, G33
         |         Hoplogryon A71
         |         Idris B88
         |         Gryon B88
         |         Scelio G26
         |           |--S. shakespearei Girault 1926 G26
         |           `--S. walkeri A71
         |         Phanurus A71
         |           |--P. beneficiens A71
         |           `--P. montanus G34
         |         Trissolcus How91
         |           |--T. basalis How91 [=Asolcus basalis A71, Microphanurus basalis A71]
         |           `--T. murgantiae How91
         |         Telenomus Haliday 1833 A71, GM79
         |           |--T. dignus Hok91
         |           |--T. emersoni Girault 1932 G32
         |           |--T. ocnus G32
         |           |--T. ossa G34
         |           |--T. oxycareni Girault 1934 G34
         |           |--T. punctatissimus A71
         |           `--T. sidneyi Girault 1932 G32
         |         Macroteleia MH11
         `--Embidobiini R00
              |--Embidobia R00
              `--Palaeogryon R00

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261-282.

[G25] Girault, A. A. 1925. New Queensland insects captured without any reference to use. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 194-195).

[G26] Girault, A. A. 1926. Characteristics of new Australian insects. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 197-198).

[G32] Girault, A. A. 1932. New lower Hymenoptera from Australia and India. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 293-298).

[G33] Girault, A. A. 1933. Some beauties inhabitant not of commercial boudoirs but of Nature’s bosom, notably new insects. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 299-303).

[G34] Girault, A. A. 1934. Eucharitidae, Cynipidae, Proctotrypidae et Thysanoptera nova Australiensis. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 306-307).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1-400.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[Hok91] Hokkanen, H. M. T. 1991. Trap cropping in pest management. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 119-138.

[How91] Howarth, F. G. 1991. Environmental impacts of classical biological control. Annual Review of Entomology 36: 485-509.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: An annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1-98.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6 (11): e27023.

[R00] Ross, E. S. 2000. Embia: Contributions to the biosystematics of the insect order Embiidina. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 149: 1-53, 1-36.

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