Chalcidini

Chalcis sispes, photographed by Jaco Visser.


Belongs within: Chalcidoidea.

The Chalcidini is a group of wasps in the Chalcididae with a distinctly petiolate gaster and apically acute hind tibia. Members of the genus Chalcis are parasitoids of stratiomyiid fly larvae (Bouček 1988).

Characters (from Bouček 1988): Apex of hind tibia tapering into a strong spine extended far beyond insertion of tarsus; gaster attached at coxae; petiole distinctly longer than broad, not longitudinally striate; propodeal spiracle elongate in almost vertical direction; postmarginal vein several times longer than stigmal vein.

<==Chalcidini [Chalcidariae, Smicrini]
    |--Chalcis Fabricius 1787 [=Smicra Spinola 1837, Smiera Spinola 1811] B88
    |    |--*C. sispes [=Sphex sispes, *Smiera sispes] B88
    |    |--C. australiensis (Girault 1936) [=Smicra australiensis; incl. S. chinchillae Girault 1936] B88
    |    |--C. columbiana Howard 1885 GM79
    |    |--C. flebilis MH11
    |    |--C. louisiana Girault 1917 G17
    |    |--C. myrifex B88
    |    `--C. ovata G17
    |         |--C. o. ovata G17
    |         `--C. o. abiesae Girault 1917 G17
    `--Conura MH11
         |--C. delumbis MH11
         `--C. debilis MH11

Nomen nudum: Chalcis anna Girault 1937 B88

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. Descriptiones stellarum novarum. Privately published (reprinted Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 80-101).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1-400.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PLoS One 6 (11): e27023.

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