Hesperiinae

Orange palm-dart Cephrenes augiades, photographed by Jenny.


Belongs within: Hesperioidea.

The Hesperiinae is a mostly tropical group of skippers, with larvae feeding on coarse grasses and palms (Nielsen & Common 1991).

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Adults resting with wings held erect; fore wing with M2 arising nearer M3 than M1; males lacking hair-pencils on metatibiae and costal fold on fore wing.

<==Hesperiinae
    |--Hesperia J03
    |    |--H. agna Moore 1865 WM66
    |    `--H. divodasa Moore 1865 WM66
    |--+--Plastingia J03
    |  |--Prada J03
    |  `--Tiacellia J03
    `--+--+--Pastria J03
       |  `--+--Cephrenes augiades J03, P27
       |     `--Oriens angustula J03, PP02
       `--+--+--Telicota eurychlora J03, NS04
          |  |--Banta J03
          |  |--Kobrona J03
          |  `--+--Sabera J03
          |     `--Mimene J03
          `--+--Arrhenes J03
             `--+--Potanthus J03
                `--+--Ocybadistes knightorum J03, NS04
                   `--+--Suniana J03
                      `--Taractrocera J03

Nomen nudum: Hesperia cinnara Moore in Wallace & Moore 1866 WM66

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[J03] Jong, R. de. 2003. Are there butterflies with Gondwanan ancestry in the Australian region? Invertebrate Systematics 17: 143-156.

[NS04] New, T. R., & D. P. A. Sands. 2004. Management of threatened insect species in Australia, with particular reference to butterflies. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 258-270.

Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., vol. 2, pp. 817-915. Melbourne University Press.

[PP02] Patrick, B., & H. Patrick. 2002. Butterflies of Fiji. Weta 24: 5-12.

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721-746.

[WM66] Wallace, A. R., & F. Moore. 1866. List of lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. R. Swinhoe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 355-365.

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