Anthelidae

Anthela nicothoe, from here.


Belongs within: Macrolepidoptera.

The Anthelidae are a family of moths restricted to Australia and New Guinea. Larvae feed on a variety of plant hosts, including Eucalyptus and Acacia species (Nielsen & Common 1991).

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Antennae bipectinate to apex in male, usually bipectinate or pectinate in female; proboscis rarely present; maxillary palps vestigial; labial palps porrect; epiphysis present in male, reduced or absent in female, tibial spurs short, 0-2-4 or 0-2-2; females rarely with vestigial wings; fore wing with retinaculum in male, 1 or 2 areoles usually present, M2 arising nearer to M3 than to M1, CuP absent, 1A+2A forming basal fork; hind wing with functional frenulum in male, in female with only thickened frenulum base, Sc+R1 separate from Rs, or Sc connected to Rs by R1, M2 as in fore wing, CuP absent, 2 anal veins. Larva usually with verrucae and dense, branched or roughened setae, verrucae of abdominal segment 1 arranged differently from those of 2-8; crochets biordinal or multiordinal, simple. Pupa in double-walled cocoon of silk often mixed with larval hairs.

<==Anthelidae
    |--Chenuala Swinhoe 1892 ONE03
    |--Omphaliodes Felder & Felder 1874 ONE03
    |--Gephyroneura Turner 1920 ONE03
    |--Pterolocera AY04
    |--Chelepteryx chalepteryx (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Darala chalepteryx] NS07
    |--Nataxa flavescens (Walker 1865) [incl. Dicreagra ochrocephala Felder & Felder 1874] NS07
    |--Munychryia Walker 1865 ONE03
    |    `--M. senicula Walker 1865 [incl. Hypochroma nyssiata Felder & Rogenhofer 1875] NS07
    `--Anthela Walker 1855 [incl. Darala Walker 1855] ONE03
         |--A. acuta P27
         |--A. basigera (Walker 1865) [incl. Darala undulata Felder & Felder 1874] NS07
         |--A. connexa (Walker 1855) [incl. Darala zonata Felder & Felder 1874] NS07
         |--A. excellens ZS10
         |--A. nicothoe B88
         |--A. ocellata (Walker 1855) ONE03
         |--A. rubeola (Felder & Felder 1874) [=Dartala rubeola] NS07
         `--A. varia P27

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AY04] Austin, A. D., D. K. Yeates, G. Cassis, M. J. Fletcher, J. La Salle, J. F. Lawrence, P. B. McQuillan, L. A. Mound, D. J. Bickel, P. J. Gullan, D. F. Hales & G. S. Taylor. 2004. Insects 'Down Under' - diversity, endemism and evolution of the Australian insect fauna: examples from select orders. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 216-234.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[NS07] Nässig, W. A., & W. Speidel. 2007. On the authorships of the Lepidoptera Atlas of the "Reise der Novara", with a list of the taxa of Bombycoidea [s. l.] therein described (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (1): 63-74.

Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia, 2nd ed., vol. 2, pp. 817-915. Melbourne University Press.

[ONE03] Oberprieler, R. G., W. A. Nässig & E. D. Edwards. 2003. Ebbepterote, a new genus for the Australian ‘Eupterote’ expansa (T. P. Lucas), with a revised classification of the family Eupterotidae (Lepidoptera). Invertebrate Systematics 17: 99-110.

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721-746.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P. & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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