Processionary caterpillars Thaumetopoea pityocampa, photographed by Arturo Reina Sánchez.

Belongs within: Macrolepidoptera.

The Notodontoidea are a group of moths distinguished by the structure of the thoracic tympana, generally with a broad and roof-shaped scutal phragm (Kiriakoff 1963). Authors have disagreed whether the Notodontoidea warrant recognition as a distinct group from the related Noctuoidea. Larvae of the subfamily Thaumetopoeinae are often colonial, and some species are known as processionary caterpillars for their habit of travelling in single-file columns.

    |--Thyretidae DS73
    `--Notodontidae NO08b
         |  i. s.: Gallaba M03
         |         Schizura GE05
         |         Scea auriflamma GE05
         |         Lyces striata GE05
         |         Ptilodon JP05
         |           |--P. capucina G84
         |           `--P. cucullina (Denis & Schiffermüller 1775) JP05
         |         Gangarides Moore 1866 [incl. Thermojana Yang in Yang & Chen 1995] NO08b
         |           `--*Thermojana’ sinica Yang in Yang & Chen 1995 NO08b
         |         Josia GE05
         |           |--J. gigantea GE05
         |           `--J. tessmani GE05
         |         Clostera JP05
         |           |--C. curtula (Linnaeus 1758) JP05
         |           `--C. pigra (Hufnagel 1766) JP05
         |         Phalera V09
         |           |--P. bucephala (Linnaeus 1758) L-SSY04
         |           `--P. bucephaloides Ochsenheimer 1808 B08
         |         Dudusa sphingiformis P01
         |         Lephopteryx camelina P01
         |         Destolmia NC91
         |         Sorama NC91
         |         Antimima cryptica N91
         |         Heterocampa C74
         |--Dioptinae [Dioptidae] GE05
         |--Notodontinae C74
         |    |--Notodonta dromedarius (Linnaeus 1758) JP05
         |    |--Neola semiaurata C70
         |    |--Danima banksiae C70
         |    |--Hylaeora C74
         |    |    |--H. capucina [=Neola capucina] C74
         |    |    |--H. dilucida NC91
         |    |    `--H. eucalypti C70
         |    `--Cerura C70
         |         |--C. australis NC91
         |         |--C. erminea DS73
         |         `--C. vinula DS73
         `--Thaumetopoeinae [Thaumetepoeidae] NO08a
              |--Diceratucha NC91
              |--Discophlebia catocalina NC91
              |--Trichiocercus sparshalli NC91
              |--Epicomana C74
              |--Marane C74
              |--Trichetra sparshalli C70
              |--Paramarane Bethune-Baker 1910 [incl. Tearina Kiriakoff 1970] NO08a
              |    `--*P. pulchra Bethune-Baker 1910 (see below for synonymy) NO08a
              |--Ochrogaster MC13
              |    |--O. contraria B88
              |    `--O. lunifer ZS10
              |--Epicoma NC91
              |    |--E. melanosticta NC91
              |    `--E. tristis P27
              `--Thaumetopoea V09
                   |--T. pinivora (Treitschke 1834) L-SSY04
                   |--T. pityocampa (Denis & Schiffermüller 1775) L-SSY04
                   |--T. processionea V09
                   `--T. wilkinsoni Tams 1925 L-SSY04

*Paramarane pulchra Bethune-Baker 1910 [incl. Epicoma nigrolineata Joicey & Talbot 1916, *Tearina nigrolineata] NO08a

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B08] Bálint, Z. 2008. Lepidoptera collections of historical importance in the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 17–35.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[C70] Common, I. F. B. 1970. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 765–866. Melbourne University Press.

[C74] Common, I. F. B. 1974. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 98–107. Melbourne University Press.

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[G84] Gauld, I. D. 1984. An Introduction to the Ichneumonidae of Australia. British Museum (Natural History).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317–326.

Kiriakoff, S. G. 1963. The tympanic structures of the Lepidoptera and the taxonomy of the order. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 17 (1): 1-6.

[L-SSY04] López-Sebastián, E., J. Selfa & J. Ylla. 2004. Primeros datos del parasitismo de Ooencyrtus pityocampae (Mercet, 1921) sobre Graellsia isabelae (Graells, 1849) en condiciones de laboratorio. Graellsia 60 (1): 121–123.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M03] McQuillan, P. B. 2003. The giant Tasmanian ‘pandani’ moth Proditrix nielseni, sp. nov. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea: Plutellidae s. l.) Invertebrate Systematics 17: 59–66.

[NO08a] Nässig, W. A., & R. G. Oberprieler. 2008a. An annotated catalogue of the genera of Eupterotidae (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Bombycoidea). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 53–80.

[NO08b] Nässig, W. A., & R. G. Oberprieler. 2008b. Errata et addenda. Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (2): 124.

[NC91] Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 817–915. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[N91] Norris, K. R. 1991. General biology. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 68–108. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P01] Pável, J. 1901. Lepkék [Lepidopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 171–177. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[P27] Philpott, A. 1927. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721–746.

[V09] Verdcourt, B. (ed.) 2009. Additions to the Wild Fauna and Flora of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. XXVI. Miscellaneous records. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 183–194.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

Last updated: 13 August 2017.

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