Field of Science

Cossoidea

Larva of goat moth Cossus cossus, photographed by Thomas Laupstad.


Belongs within: Apoditrysia.

The Cossoidea are a group of moths of which the larvae are mostly wood- or stem-borers.

Characters (from Nielsen & Common 1991): Small to very large, usually robust; ocelli usually absent; chaetosemata absent; proboscis short and naked or absent; maxillary palps minute; fore wing with chorda and M in cell; S2 of tortricoid type (S2 apodemes short, broad and not connected with sternal rods).

<==Cossoidea
    |--Metarbelidae DS73
    `--Cossidae TW05
         |--Prionoxystus robiniae TW05
         |--Adelopsyche GE05
         |--Zeuzera GE05
         |    |--Z. coffeae P27b
         |    `--Z. pyrina (Linnaeus 1761) JP05
         |--Cossus DS73
         |    |--*C. cossus DS73
         |    `--C. terebra DS73
         `--Xyleutis P27a
              |--X. boisduvali Roths. 1896 P27a
              `--X. eucalypti P17a

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[JP05] Jungmann, E., & U. Poller. 2005. Neunachweise und Wiederfunde für die Schmetterlingsfauna (Insecta; Lepidoptera) des Altenburger Landes. Mauritiana 19 (2): 317-326.

Nielsen, E. S., & I. F. B. Common. 1991. Lepidoptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia 2nd ed., vol. 2, pp. 817-915. Melbourne University Press.

[P27a] Philpott, A. 1927a. New Zealand Lepidoptera: Notes and descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 703-709.

[P27b] Philpott, A. 1927b. The maxillae in the Lepidoptera. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 721-746.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240-257.

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